Today we give our food more attention than in any previous historical period. Books with recipes regularly become bestsellers, the profession of nutritionist is in demand as never before, the foundations of balanced diet are taught in schools all over the world. However, statistics of weight gain and the number of cardiovascular disease in people in developed countries, suggests that we are doing something wrong.
With the development of civilization people began to eat more unnatural, processed products (prosessed food), such as frozen foods, instant soups, and sweet desserts.
Nutritious and cheap fast food triumphant conquers even countries with historically strong culture of national cuisine, for example, Japan and China. Despite the fact that Japan occupies the last place in the ranking of Nations with overweight (only 5% of the total population of the country), there is the problem of obesity, associated primarily with the active transition of the population in the "Western diet".
The so-called "Western diet" is the consumption of large quantities of high-calorie foods and food high in fat: red meat, sweet desserts, simple carbohydrates and processed foods. Particularly this style of food affects those Nations and cultures that adopted it relatively recently.
Professor of journalism at UC Berkeley, is the author of famous books on what and how we eat, Michael Pollan (Michael Pollan) in his bestseller, "In defense of food" (In defence of food) gives the example of the experiment among the Australian aborigines, who have chosen an urban lifestyle. After several years of living in Western civilization among the natives appeared excess weight and health problems. This was due primarily to a sedentary lifestyle and improper nutrition.
The author of the experiment by Kerin o DEA (Kerin O'dea) has proposed ten members – men and middle-aged women with diabetes and high risk of cardiovascular disease – back in seven weeks to their traditional way of life. During the experiment, participants chose a place a few hundred kilometers from the nearest settlement, ravnoudalenie from the coast line of the ocean and freshwater rivers on the mainland.
The diet of the natives consisted of seafood (marine and freshwater fish), meat animals (crocodiles, turtles, kangaroos) and plants. In stark contrast to their former diet inside of "civilization" consisting of flour, rice, sugar, beer, powdered milk and cheap meat. In the experiment, all participants lost weight about 9 pounds and they had decreased pressure.
All caused by diabetes of the second type of violation in metabolism decreased significantly or disappeared completely. The study is not specified, has passed the aboriginal traditional way of life forever, but we can assume that if they returned to civilization, I went back and purchased all of their health problems.
Free online learning of Coursera is the second time offers the audience a series of lectures on healthy nutrition for child Child Nutrion and Cooking. The author of the course – Professor medical school Stanford Maya Adam (Adam Maya). A five-week course aims to attract the attention of parents to the problem of child nutrition. Maya cites startling figures: more than 70% of all food in America is processed foods.
Every third American student there are problems with excess weight. Today's generation of young Americans will be the first in history, life expectancy which is lower than their parents. Every third child born in 2000 will at some point be diagnosed with diabetes.Mankind has redefined the culture of food consumption. In developed countries and large cities people eat just to quickly satisfy hunger and will go on to work or study. Altered the rules of food: now socially acceptable to eat at any time, almost anywhere. Food has become "fuel".Edible oil
Many countries have issued official advice on nutrition. So, in 1992, the Ministry of agriculture of USA (USDA) has proposed to organize a consumption of products according to the principle of the food pyramid, the base of which lay the grains, the line above held equally vegetables and fruits, even higher — quality protein sources and dairy products, the last place was given to the fats and sweets.
In 2005, the power plan was changed to reflect new knowledge of dietitians. A new program called "My pyramid" (My pyramide), which is comprised of horizontal layers and segments, each of which designated food group: grains, vegetables, fruits, protein sources and dairy products. In 2011, the recommendations have again been adjusted.Now the official position on healthy eating is a program called "My plate" (plate Mu).
If a plate divided into four parts, two of which will be more then two small quarter is fruits and protein sources, and large – vegetables and grain products. On the edge of the plate is a small Cup of dairy products. Maya Adams says that 94% of school Lunches in America do not meet these standards.
In Russia there is no private food pyramid, however, the specialists of the Institute of nutrition of American approve of the project MyPyramid taking into account national peculiarities.
Professor Adams urged parents to instill in children the culture of food. Yes, we live in a world where there is no free time, and cooking at home can be a luxury, but we are talking about children's health, and there can be no compromise. It also offers parents to always keep at home a stock of certain products, so you can always have to make something useful.
Maya advises parents to cook with their children, to go to markets and choose the vegetables and fruits, to talk about the importance of quality food to grow onions or Basil on the windowsill, forming the right approach to nutrition, which will be saved the child for life.
Adams also advises to carefully read the label when choosing products in the store. For example, a product package may contain several servings, while the ingredients and calories listed for one serving. Recently, Management on sanitary inspection behind quality of foodstuff and medicines of the USA has introduced a bill, call all manufacturers to provide complete nutritional value and ingredients in a product packaging.
Legislators also asked to amend the allowable number of servings in one package, to make people more clear idea of how much product they consume at one time. For example, buying a bottle of fizzy drink volume of 600 ml, you are unlikely to drink only 250 ml (recommended daily allowance).
Therefore, under the new rules the label will indicate the total amount of sugar and additives in one bottle, 600 ml would be considered one serving. This will allow consumers to more clearly represent the number of calories and additives. So, the American Association of heart health recommends limiting consumption of sugar in the day, nine teaspoons for men and six for women.
Thus, at half-litre bottle of fizzy drink will contain the content of 58 grams of sugar and explaining that that is 230% of the recommended daily allowance. Organika reasonable