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Ayurveda is an ancient discipline which originated in the Vedic culture of India about five thousand years ago. Translated from Sanskrit, Ayurveda means "knowledge of life" ("Ayur" — "life" "Veda" — "knowledge", "science"). And, indeed, it is not just a science of health, and the science of life itself. Ayurveda is an ancient medicine that considers the whole person, not separate disease. Ancient physicians of Ayurveda knew very well the structure of the human body and all its systems. They have developed many tips on nutrition in accordance with the Constitution of man.
Nutrition is the main factor affecting the human body. Ayurveda strongly and rightly suggests that improper diet is the cause of many human diseases. On the concept of Ayurveda, food has positive and negative qualities. Since Ayurveda has been a holistic approach to the problem of health, it primarily focuses on power, since any medication will not work without proper diet. She says that our health depends on doctors and they prescribed medication, but only from ourselves, because throughout life we three times a day to eat, which can be both beneficial and harmful for our body.
Ayurveda suggests that the vast majority of problems with our health caused by food waste — poisons, toxins and impurities that accumulate in the body due to improper nutrition. Diet, as well as the mode of the day, are vital for maintaining health. But, it is worth noting that there is no universal way of eating for all people.
According to Ayurveda, every meal consists of the doshas and five elements in different proportions: earth, fire, air, water and ether (space). Dosha — specific characteristics that support the balance — should be in the body in certain proportions, which in turn leads to the harmonious interaction of the three modes. Uplifts the mind sattva, rajas makes us more active, and Tamas meets the needs. A healthy diet helps to maintain a balance of these three qualities of life (gunas), and neglect or inattention to food leads to disharmony and disease.
Doshas are everywhere and are associated with the natural elements. We are born with a predisposition to a certain character, physique, attitude to the world. All this is due to the dominant dosha in us. If dosha is out of balance we feel bad, we lose the capacity of body and thoughts, decreases our efficiency. What's good for one is another's poison, but knowing the basic principles of Ayurveda we can control their condition. Eating a variety of foods affect the balance of the elements in different ways. Among the advantages of personal diets include the improvement of digestion, metabolism, absorption, concentration memory and eliminating sleep disorders, strengthening the immune system, constant weight and improved overall health.
The type of food directly depends on a type of the human Constitution. In different dosha different types of products are encouraged and avoided.
There are three main doshas: Vata, Pitta, Kapha.
Each has its own characteristics. Usually all have one of the doshas is most manifest, but there are cases where two doshas have similar performance, then you have a mixed type and you can use nutrition recommendations for two of the doshas. To determine your type, it is enough to read any book on Ayurveda — most of them published special form tests with recommendations for lifestyle.
The representatives of this type, generally, a thin, fine-boned physique. They are quick to think, speak, and move, grasp everything on the fly, but as quickly forget. Externally they can be identified by dry, often curly hair, dry thin skin which is easily damaged, thin nails and lashes. Watt not tolerate cold, cool foods and drinks with ice. It's hard for her to keep warm. In humans, with predominant signs of watts, fast metabolism, where the fat burning happens faster than accumulation. According to Ayurveda, diet watts should consist of buckwheat, rice, dairy products, nuts. But from raw vegetables, soy products, sour apples and use when cooking black pepper should be abandoned. From spices it is better to give preference to the cardamom and nutmeg nut.
People of this type are distinguished by a normosthenic body type. They are holders of an explosive nature. Such people are easy to anger, often blush, prone to inflammatory reactions. They have a very intense digestion. Externally — the owners of thin light or red hair. Often their body is almost covered with moles. Pink skin, prone to redness and overheating. Pitt feels bad in hot weather sweats profusely and often feels the heat, her hot hands and feet. Not tolerate the thirst and hunger of the day it is just torture. For people of this type are very useful beans, celery, asparagus, cauliflower, dairy products. As a spice it is better to use coriander, cinnamon, mint, dill. It is necessary to exclude from the diet red meat, nuts, ginger and saffron.
People Kapha type predisposed to be overweight and obesity. The reason for this is poor diet and slow metabolism. Kapha can gain weight, which then freed with great difficulty. They have big-boned body type, they are slow and love to sleep longer. Positive aspects of the character are poise, peace and confidence. Externally Kapha can be recognized by thick shiny hair, big eyes, clean, crisp and cool the skin, thick lashes and pretty broad shoulders. Kapha is good in any weather and under any conditions. She's calm, it's hard to stir up and piss off.
Metabolic processes in the organism of people of this type is so slow that even eaten an extra Apple may be deposited in the form of fat. People of this type must be very balanced to make your diet, emphasizing soy cheese, legumes, brown rice. From spices it is better to use ginger. Kapha is very desirable to consume any sweets, an exception may be a small amount of honey. It is recommended to limit consumption of white rice, beef and chicken.
When the doshas are balanced, that is are in equilibrium, then with our health everything is in order. The great Ayurvedic sage Charaka said, "Vata, Pitta and Kapha maintain the integrity of the living human organism in its normal condition and combined with each other in such a way as to make man whole being with his power senses, a good complexion and undeniable longevity." The disease occurs when there is imbalance of three doshas. And since it is the strongest dosha usually has the greatest tendency to increase, people most susceptible to illnesses associated with an increase in its strongest dosha.
It is important to understand that these three doshas are forces, not substances. Kapha is not mucus; it is the force that causes mucus to arise. Similarly Pitta is not bile; but it causes the generation of bile. The word "dosha" literally means "error" or "failed state" because the doshas indicate the mistaken direction, which can lead to loss of balance.
Ayurveda says that human health directly depends on it imbalance of the doshas, the digestive system, and the quantity of food taken. Each person has their own norms of quality and volume of food that his body can be completely recycled. For example, people of Kapha type have a weak digestion, therefore, the result of frequent and abundant gluttony is overweight Kapha. People with this type of enough two meals a day – Breakfast and lunch, dinner should be skipped. Pitta dosha, in contrast, has a strong digestion, which allows people of this type is to absorb a large number of even very heavy meals. Pitta the digestive fire so strong that everything is processed quickly and completely without the formation of toxins. Vata dosha is unstable digestion, therefore, requires attention to your body and the processes taking place in it.
Rules of Ayurveda recommended to stick to food that balances the predominant dosha. For example, representatives of Vata dosha need to follow a diet, calming Vata. This also applies to people like Vata-Pitta, but if necessary they can use the food for Pitta, for example, in hot weather or during its exacerbation. If in doubt which of the two doshas is necessary to calm down, try to instinctively understand what food make you healthy and balanced. Rare representatives of a type of three doshas can be followed with any options Ayurvedic nutrition, health, season of the year and relying on instinct.
Note: by Following above tips you can reduce the influence of any dosha, but such actions can lead to unexpected consequences. The fact that the dosha from birth predominates in man, responsible for his individual Constitution. Try to change this natural state is to go against Nature, trying to crush her under him. Having done so, to the fore other doshas, the individual often starts to feel worse, there are problems with health.
Proponents of Ayurveda know that you should not try to change something, we must strive to maintain their individual balance. This is the main goal. Of the three doshas Vata-Pitta-Kapha have a little one to dominate, it becomes the main dosha. To take corrective measures should only be the case if any doshas presents in overwhelming abundance, and the proportions of the other of the doshas is disturbed. In this case, there are problems with physical health or mental balance. Yourself to learn which dosha takes up too much space in organizovani difficult, so it is better to consult a specialist in the field of Ayurveda.
General principles of nutrition in Ayurveda
Will work for food
- The main meal should have at noon (12:00 local time);
- There is a need only browsing;
- There should be a calm, quiet atmosphere, with no TV, no reading, no distractions;
- Don't need to eat in a heightened emotional state (agitation, anger, anxiety, sadness), we have to wait until the mind calms down;
- After eating, no need to get up from the table for at least 5 minutes;
- You should not eat again until the previous food is not digested (break shall be not less than 3 hours);
- Better not to eat after sunset;
- There should be only if the feeling of hunger;
- You should eat slowly, chew your food slowly;
- Should eat 3/4 of its capacity;
- Don't eat too cold and too hot food;
- You need to eat only fresh food, freshly cooked or at least prepared today;
- It is not recommended to drink plenty of fluids during meals, especially cold;
- You can not drink milk with other foods, especially those that have a sour or salty taste — you can drink only boiled and hot (with sugar), preferably with spices (pepper, cardamom);
- You need to use spices for better digestion and assimilation of food;
- It is impossible to use industrial cheese (because of rennet), yogurt (because of the gelatin), ice cream or cold milk;
- Should constribute food with the individual characteristics of human physiology, with the current season, with the weather;
- You can't eat food with sour and salty tastes before going to sleep (don't even need to drink kefir);
- Do not eat a lot of fried, sour and salty;
- You need to exercise, preferably yoga asanas.
Ayurvedic nutrition secrets
- Avoid to consume milk or milk products with acidic fruits or citrus or other acidic food;
- Avoid to eat melons and grains together. Melons digest quickly while grains long. This combination upsets the stomach. Melons should be eaten alone, without other products;
- Honey should never be to prepared (heated). Honey is digested very slowly, and if it is cooked (heated), the molecules present in honey, becomes a glue that firmly attaches to mucous membranes and clogs the subtle channels of the cells, creating toxins. Uncooked honey is nectar, cooked (heated) the honey — poison;
- Avoid milk along with other protein foods. Proteins have a warming quality and milk cools so they counteract each other and create toxins;
- Milk and melons should not eat together. They're both cool, but milk is laxative and melon is diuretic, and milk requires more time for digestion. In addition, the action of hydrochloric acid in the stomach causes the milk to coagulate. For this reason, Ayurveda advises not to use milk with sour fruits, yogurt, sour cream or sour cream, sour jam, cheese or other acidic foods.
For better digestion and to improve the taste of the food, sprinkle the dishes with lemon juice before serving. This will make your meals extraordinary and unusual in a very fresh and tasty. But, it can be done only in the afternoon, because the consumption of large quantities of sour taste in the morning or evening will cause indigestion.
In order not to freeze in winter, eat lunch in the sauerkraut and pickles. Their sour taste in our body in the assimilation gives warmth.
For frying it is better to use corn oil because it lasts longer and better than other oils tolerate higher temperature not decomposing. The second is the sunflower oil, it is destroyed when heated faster than corn oil. But olive and Flaxseed oil do not tolerate heat, because decompose and form harmful substances during frying. King oils is ghee, it is well tolerated even multiple heating and has a very positive effect on our body and digestion in particular.
If you want to have your meals contained more auspicious qualities and give you more good emotions — add to each dish in the middle of cooking a small amount of cane sugar (even savory dishes) and a little whole cow's milk (if the dish does not contain dairy products). A dish of tomatoes always require sugar, because the sugar improves the flavor of tomatoes, softens their inner fire and generally improves digestion.
The best and healthy food that had been cooked at least 3 hours ago. This food is benevolent and the best way to nourish the body. The food that was prepared more than 3 hours ago already has an admixture of ignorance and not able to heal the body. If you eat only food that has stood the night (even in the fridge), then health problems will not leave you never, because such food is already decomposed, although we do not notice, but when warming up its mechanism of decomposition is accelerated and the oil contained in it, the destruction from the repeated heat treatment can turn into toxins.
Canned food does not contain anything good from the original product, ie it is just an empty shell with a weak taste, and what feeds our mind and body — prana — is no longer there. Plus preservatives are always for our body toxins. Frozen food is also not valuable to us, it speeds up our body's aging process.
In our morning food should prevail sweet taste in the evening (if someone eats in the evening) — a neutral taste (ie, those foods that contain a lot of water, hence the taste is neutral), but the lunch food needs to contain all 6 tastes — sweet, sour, salty, bitter, pungent, astringent. When the food has 6 flavors — it completely saturates the body and mind.
In order to enrich our regular food different tastes, and improve digestion — it is necessary to use spices, BUT! in small doses, and only those that suits you, and only with those products with which they are combined.
In one meal it is better not to use incompatible products, for example together to eat bread, potatoes, rice and oats, or interfere with boiled or fresh vegetables with fresh fruit, or mix milk with something else, or acid fruits with sweet.
A chef who prepares food, should be calm and peaceful, otherwise all his anxiety or irritation with anger will be in the food that he makes, because the preparing food absorbs the mood and thoughts of the manufacturer. On the same occasion it is better not to eat in questionable places, when You don't know who and how they prepared the food. The same applies to buying ready-made food in stores. Especially strongly absorb emotions cooks bakery products and pastries.
You should also eat in a relaxed state and a good mood, in good company and in a clean place, it helps digestion. Otherwise, everything was eaten in anxiety — will bring new suffering and anxiety. It is very important to chew the food well.
The most healthy food — freshly prepared, juicy, sweet, buttery, delicious, warm, — it gives strength and health. Too hot, sour, spicy, salty, overcooked, dry and old food — brings the body and mind suffering and disease.
It is very important for health to eat only when you feel true hunger and not because of "greedy eyes". And the amount of eaten food at a time shall not exceed the amount of Your two hands put together.
It is necessary to eat moderately, not overeating, always leaving the stomach 1/4 of the free air, without which it will not burn the fire of digestion, and 2/4 part can be filled with food, 1/4 with liquid.
In order to remove the food from all the defilement which she had received, till he came to your table, you need to read over her the prayers of any religion that You respect and thank God for everything.
Buying products for the food, choose only ripe, juicy fruit or vegetables, fresh dairy products and cereals. Never skimp on the food, because it is a contribution to Your health for years to come.
Do not drink while eating cold drinks and do not eat cold food, because it weakens the digestive fire.
Do not eat late at night (after sunset or early morning before sunrise), do not eat during extreme heat or sitting directly under the rays of the hot midday Sun.
Be sure to eat sitting either on the floor or in a comfortable position at the table with your back straight, after a meal to sit for 5 more minutes still, or too active immediately after eating disturbs the digestion.
Better to drink before meals or during meals (cold or hot drink), but a small amount, and after eating we have to wait 1.5-2 hours, until there is an active phase of digestion, and then you can drink it, otherwise you can put out the digestive fire.
When choosing food, it is necessary to take into account the season and weather, because our digestive fire depends on it. I.e. it is not necessary to eat plentifully fruits or berries are not in season their maturation in the area where You live, because they are hard to digest by the body, which is set to a different rhythm corresponding to the present time. And it is not necessary in hot weather or in the rainy season, when our digestive fire is reduced, eat in a large amount of starchy and dairy products, because they will not be digested.
Not recommended in one meal to eat a lot of different meals because our digestive fire will not be able to cope with all.
The diet should be selected for each person individually, depending on its Constitution, existing illnesses, occupation, place of residence and other factors. published
P. S. And remember, only by changing their consumption — together we change the world! ©