There is one universal truth that all men are mortal. Maybe not today, not tomorrow or even next year, but we are going to die anyway. Death - an unavoidable aspect of life, but to die early, few desires. We have a choice: to delay or accelerate his death, and it depends on our way of life.
For example, bad habits like smoking and non-regular exercise reduces life expectancy. But there is a lot of amazing and unexpected things that can significantly reduce the life.
2. Too much coffee
Coffee - it's great, in general, even the coffee is good for health. However, if you drink too much of it, health can deteriorate, and coffee may even cause premature death. The study, published in the journal «Mayo Clinics Proceedings», found that people under the age of 55 years who drink four or more cups of coffee each day, or 28 cups or more a week, increase the risk of premature death by as much as 56%.
The study was quite ambitious: it was attended by 43,727 people - 9,827 women and 33,900 men. Also, the study was taken into account information from the personal and medical questionnaires collected during the period from 1979 to 1998.
According to the experts who conducted the study, coffee raises blood pressure, increases the production of adrenaline and reduces the activity of insulin. All of this can significantly harm the body. However, it should be noted that a direct link between the abuse of coffee and premature death has not yet been established. The researchers acknowledge that there are still some things that need to be "clarifying».
But just in case you still do not have a 55-minute, and you want to live longer, try to drink less coffee, starting today.
3. Whole grains
Sure that you are going to say, "But whole grains are useful! They recommend eating medical experts! I them all my life I eat anything. " Before you accuse us of lying, look at the facts.
Whole grains contain phytate, interferes with the absorption of certain important elements, such as iron, magnesium, zinc and calcium. Studies show that eating grains may impair iron absorption by as much as 50%. In addition, magnesium is an important element to prevent Type II diabetes, as well as calcium, necessary for the prevention of osteoporosis, also blocked phytates.
Meals integral grains can also reduce sexual desire because they inhibit the absorption of zinc. Even if you are taking food supplements, the useful elements will not be absorbed by your body properly, if you continue to eat constantly integral grains.
Not yet convinced? But these experts suggest that whole grains, especially wheat, associated with the development of several autoimmune diseases. Lectins contained in wheat, could potentially lead to lupus, hypothyroidism, eczema and other autoimmune diseases.
4. Sleeping pills
Many people suffer from insomnia, and to correct the problem doctors often prescribe sleeping pills. However, studies show that taking sleeping pills can cause premature death: people taking sleeping pills, are five times more likely to die prematurely than those who did not drink such tablets.
Worst of all, even if the dose is seemingly insignificant, only from 4 to 18 tablets a year, the risk is still not diminished: in people taking so many pills, 3, 6 times more likely to die prematurely, than those who do not take any medication for sleep.
Alarmingly, that people who take from 18 to 132-x tablets per year, the risk of premature death increases by as much as 4, 4%. For those taking 132 or more tablets per year, this risk is increased in the 5 to 3 times. But that's not all: those people who take 132 pills a year, the risk of cancer increased by as much as 35%.
If you do not want to die prematurely, then throw out a pill next time, when you wake up at two in the morning in a terrible mood.
5. Too much salt
If you eat mostly fast food and processed foods, then you should definitely think of myself another diet, and not even because of the fact that such products too much fat - they are also very high in sodium. The Texas Medical Association (TMA) warns that eating foods high in salt can lead to early death.
Salt can cause kidney stones, hypertension, hence, stroke and heart attack. Sodium intake should be reduced to 2300 mg per day, and those who suffer from hypertension, should not eat more than 1500 mg of sodium daily.
Doctors realize that it is almost impossible to do. Why? Let's count. In one burger with cheese from the "McDonalds" contains 1,190 mg of sodium. In a salad from the same place - 1280 mg of sodium. No wonder that 65 million people suffer from hypertension and 500,000 people die each year from a stroke, and cardiovascular disease.
Estimated TMA, if food manufacturers and restaurants reduce the sodium content of their products, the 150 thousand people will be saved from premature death due to complications caused by hypertension.
6. Life alone
People who live alone are likely to die earlier than those who live with their families or partners. Fortunately, this only applies to older people aged 52 years and above.
This conclusion was based on the British study, which lasted seven years, which was attended by 6,500 participants. The results of this study, people who live alone are 26% more likely to die than those who live with other people.
Taking into account the different age-related diseases, premature death for older persons living alone is 48% more likely. Previous studies have shown that single (whether voluntary or involuntary solitude is) also have a higher risk of developing dementia and heart disease.
Fortunately, the risk of early death can easily be reduced if the older people get emotional and social support they need. Easy communication with others and joint exercises than ever, reducing loneliness, can significantly increase the life expectancy.
7. Prolonged sitting
If you're sitting right now, you'd better get up: studies show that if you sit too long, it can lead to many serious illnesses and even premature death.
A study conducted at the University of Leicester, found that people who spend most of their time sitting at work or at home, increases the risk of heart disease and diabetes.
In addition, the study, which involved 800,000 people found that even though people regularly participate in sports, the risk of developing diabetes, heart disease and even obesity is not reduced if they spend most of their time sitting on an office chair or couch. < br />
Even worse is that permanent seat can lead to premature death. An Australian study published in the «Archives of Internal Medicine», found that in people aged 45 years and above by as much as 40% increased risk of premature death, if they spend sitting 11 or more hours each day.
The fact that the sitting position is interpreted by our "smart" body as a signal switch to "idle". When this occurs in the body is rapidly increasing glucose level, cholesterol content decreases good and bad, on the contrary, increased. Simply put, the more we sit, the less healthy we become.
Surprisingly, this is true - so simple and natural process, like breathing, can significantly reduce the life expectancy. If you live in a big city or in a highly polluted area, the risk of premature death due to inhalation of contaminated air is greatly increased.
According to research conducted at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 200 thousand people die prematurely each year due to air pollution. 53,000 people die because of health problems caused by environmental pollution by exhaust gases. Another 52,000 of these deaths are caused by air pollution from electric power generation.
And how many does it take to the life expectancy of those who are constantly breathing polluted air, decreased? No - only ten years.
9. The hard work
When we hear people say, "My job is killing me," we do not take it literally. However, new data scientists have shown that the condition relating to the work (and it certainly has repeatedly experienced almost everything) literally can kill. However, slowly. Do not believe me?
According to a study conducted by the University of London in 2012, the year, people who experience constant stress at work, 23% more likely a heart attack than people whose profession with constant stress are not related - the more stress, the shorter the life. It also applies to those who work 11 hours a day - such a long time increases the risk of depression.
In addition, people with this kind of work and have difficulties in personal relationships. Women are likely to increase the risk of diabetes. On top of this, a study conducted at the University of Tel Aviv, which lasted 20 years, confirmed that people with a stressful job at risk of dying prematurely.