Every year more and more often have to deal with people expressing their frustration in modern rock music. The essence of their dissatisfaction can be reduced to Lermontov "Yes, there were people in our time ..." And as those who completely steals the show "current tribe" is called in the first place, Jimi Hendrix, "Doors", "Creedence" and, of course same, "The Beatles».
For pop music is characterized by all sorts of retro wave: whether dance twist or Glenn Miller Orchestra. Even modern playing rock nrolla inevitably has a tinge of stylization - in sound, style, clothing; not without reason called "traditional". A completely different situation with "The Beatles": the perception of their music does not feel any temporal distance. It is still fresh, as if exists in parallel with all modern trends. All thirteen plus years after "The Beatles" broke up, they remain even without much advertising efforts with one of the most popular bands in the world, quietly going through the ups and downs of competitors "for a day" ... find even substitute their live performances - all over the world on tour dozens of ensembles, imitating "The Beatles».
So, what exactly is "The Beatles" and what is the secret of such enduring popularity? We offer excerpts from the three articles of the Liverpool quartet. The first - of the American Journal of BEATLES - yesterday, today and forever. "Time" - refers to the period of the zenith of the career of "The Beatles" (1967), the second - from the newspaper British Communists "Morning Star" - coincides with the collapse of ansamblin; third (music & quot; border = 0 src = «Beatles - Yesterday, Today, Forever. Journal" THE BEATLES - Yesterday, Today, Forever "Kroudeddi") - dates back to 1973 year.
REINCARNATION "The Beatles»
... Early music "Beatles" different excess tumultuous feelings, but among the monotonous wasteland "rock" is the foundation of this music, only occasionally come across an unexpected oasis of harmony. The biggest commercial success of "The Beatles" - the song "I Wanna Hold Your Hand" - is a standard lyrics on the theme of youthful love, with a simple motif, packed in a standard structure pop songs. Beatles themselves did not satisfy become cliches of sound and youthful verse. Paul McCartney recalls: "We were afraid of the prospect of becoming like those singers who gradually lose their naturalness and end by singing falsely sentimental songs. We believed that people, and we ourselves will be better if the songs will be more reality ».
And over time, John Lennon, chief songwriter group began to listen carefully to all the songs of the American folkpevtsa Bob Dylan, whose works Lennon drew less sullen protest, as the desire to tell all that, "as it is". Gradually and in his songs "The Beatles" were talking about "how it is." In "The Man from Nowhere" (1965), which "do not have their views," and who "does not know where he is going," the Beatles asked: "He looks like a little bit and to us, is not it?" In "writer paperback books "(1966), they mocked cowardly fun haggling hired hacks.
Departure from the platitudes "big beat" became even sharper when the music & quot; border = 0 src = «Beatles - Yesterday, Today, navsegda.files / y-rt.gif» maker McCartney became a surprisingly lyrical talent. In 1965, he sang the most beautiful of his ballads - "Yesterday" - to the accompaniment of a string octet. This success resulted in the birth of the style "baroque-rock." "Raga rock" owes its origins to George Harrison, who, fascinated by Indian music, he studied with sitarist virtuoso Ravi Shankar and introduced sitarnuyu subject to record the song "Norwegian Wood" (1965). Now sitar involved all and sundry.
"Strawberry Fields" with their complex size, free and exciting tonal modulations "embellishment" has already witnessed the flowering of "The Beatles" as musicians. They managed to get rid of the template structure pop songs, make it more flexible, "stretch" it, decorate harmonic palette of colors and new frets cross-rhythms, using classical techniques composers of different eras and styles, from Bach to Stockhausen. They have enriched the sound, widely using string and wind instruments. With the help of arranger and producer George Martin, they entered into the world of cosmic electronic effects, achieving their part by combining multiple records and scroll them back at different speeds. Now that the song "The Beatles" are becoming more sophisticated and relate more complex problems, the group loses the youngest contingent of their fans who are eager to scream and shout, trying to grasp the essence of what we heard. Instead, "The Beatles" were recognized another, more responsive audience. "We suddenly discovered - says George Harrison, - that all those who considered themselves superior to the Beatles, now were our admirers." New audience group is made up of college students, but not only them. "The Beatles" is now recognized and the parents of these students, and many teachers.
Young people feel the art of "The Beatles" bold directness and honesty. They were impressed by the freedom and fairness judgments of four. They look at the Beatles as to their peers, which can always be relied on, because "the Beatles" will tell them what they want to hear from them, will say frankly and openly ...
"The Beatles": prophetic voice
"Memories stretch farther than the road that lies ahead." These words could very well be a classic stitching music repertoire hollnogo time of our fathers.
The band "The Beatles", which took place in Hamburg and Liverpool grueling stages departure from the scene could not have caused a feeling of great regret. Studio recording was for her spiritual abode. Here, led by the skilful hand of George Martin, the Beatles performed their experiments and subtle manipulation, often leads to the discovery.
All they did was a valuable contribution to music. However, it should be remembered and how happy group helped luck and foresight of people directly contribute to its take-off. The sudden rise of "The Beatles" occurred at the very time when pop music was in a state of the deepest depression. So do not be too harsh to condemn unknown "person of" Decca ", which refused to sign a contract with the band at the very beginning of his musical career.
They say that talent, like love, will always find their way. For pop music is not always true, and the Beatles, like many others, had at first encounter variability Sympathies and ruthlessness of the music business. If they wanted to, they are unlikely to ever be created "Sergeant Pepper" and many other things, if it continued to perform in clubs, earning a pittance.
Watching how often excellent record mercilessly "go down into the sewer," I sometimes think about what would happen to "The Beatles", if the success of their first recordings did not give them creative freedom, which they so often used later, ignoring to the dictates of "best-seller lists." Before becoming an artist in the true sense of the word, they had to first become a pop evezdami.
There is no doubt that Lennon and McCartney were the best and prolific composers of the whole pop era, and probably also the whole commercial era, since the means of recording and communication have made possible the emergence of the "stars" in the sense that it came to be understood in the XX century.
Works of Lennon and McCartney sound in a variety of styles and interpretations - from Ella Fitzgerald to the local dance club. Of course, the inevitable and numerous cases of "castration" of their music some tasteless arranger needful cheap cabaret. And it once again remind us of how resilient their music.
But no matter how durable and comfortable for any interpretations of this music was the main thing in it will always be their own concept and authentic performance. Because that is what opens people's eyes to the fact that, apart from dance music and plastic romantic in "pop" can be an important means of communication and a wide mezhdulyudmi.
Undoubtedly, the best recording of "The Beatles" helped bring pop music of the impasse in which she often visited, because they have brought to the process of development of the spirit of experimentation and independence.
People and events, bygone
... A week before the fatal shot in Dallas "Time" told its readers about the unusual phenomenon that swept the UK - on "The Beatles" (God, what kind of name is that ?!), the vocal group "pontovatymi" hairstyle that gives rise seen since Elvis Presley hysterical excitement. These four workers guys from Liverpool, with pale faces and bad teeth, were by nature endowed with cocky wit and an infectious joie de vivre. But, as has assured us, "Time", their music is far removed from the noise of the past. They wore ridiculous costumes without collars, besilis on stage and readily admitted that they are only interested in money.
However, many have not considered business acumen Brian Epstein. "Shoubiznesovskuyu" grip Ed Sullivan and, most importantly, the miraculous power of music "The Beatles". Six weeks later the song "I Wanna Hold Your Hand" angelically sweet high voice, floating on the crest of fun music »border = 0 src =« Beatles - Yesterday, Today, navsegda.files / y-rt.gif »wave with a heavy beat, electric shock ran through every inch of junior and girls' bodies. This was followed by half a dozen shpagerov, and everyone had the same amazing ability to fully absorb the youthful mind by immersing it in an incredibly positive reality of the song itself.
In an atmosphere of negative, misleading reality characteristic of America in January 1964, "The Beatles" became a safety valve to release tension generated by trauma. They replaced bruised American dream a new dream, which was valued above all love, a gentle touch and dancing "with you, only you." Former idol "Peter, Paul and Mary," "Kingston Trio" with their mild protest and bittersweet romance, immediately disappeared from the market. Nezhnoritmichnye their melodies and "literary" lyrics just could not compete with the living energy of "The Beatles».
By February Beatlemania swept the country. 75% amerikanskihtelevizorov been switched to the program Ed Sullivan, who introduced us to the four young men who are responsible for all this furor. And so they came - John ("Sorry, girls, but he was married"), Paul, George and Ringo. In contrast to the pop idopam previous decade, they do not give the impression of hazardous immoral types. On the contrary, they were very nice in their cramped their elegant suits with happy smiles on their faces. Only here the hairstyles they were, of course, absolutely outrageous, and while carefully greased coca already the next day turned into a loose bangs, no one, to my knowledge, has not ventured out to let his hair go up to the shoulders, as did George .
The 2nd column
In the following months, "The Beatles" were the subject of endless heated debate in schools across America. Time spent schoolchildren left after school "because of the" Beatles ", measured in centuries. Cabinet doors paste their photos, and radios and record players almost continuously spewed their music. In the midst of Beatle-hours-Beatle days and even Beatle-weeks (which is very difficult when there are only two dozen songs) people were looking forward to every Friday, to find out first whether the place of their favorite song.
Slightly bantering himself and his success (John: "When I feel that my head starts to swell from all this, I look at the ring and then it becomes clear that we are not supermen"), Beatles avoided hypocritical posturing, the former norm for most of the previous pop stars. They never played with sentimental sermons that have to brush your teeth and obey her father and mother. They recognized that rejoice money that piled into their coffers from all over the world, but refused to take seriously the worship of their "fans". "And money, as all of us have been taught is the only thing that should be taken seriously ..."
Music "The Beatles" has evolved from an amalgam of various influences. Breastfed Rock and Roll from the United States, "The Beatles" absorbed elements of all genres, which pop music had time to separate. Raised polygonal mirror their creative abilities against the American "rock", they break it down into its component parts and create music that does not copy any one of these components separately and at the same time, similar to all.
Albert Grossman said the main achievement of "The Beatles" is that they have proven that "white and can also". In England, has never been indigenous black population and, therefore, a radical black music, which could borrow white oppressors, eager deep internal stimulation. Rock and roll came to the British in the form of black music (blues and rhythm endblyuz), white music (folk and country) and various hybrids of both. "The Beatles" prepared mixture, the Americans would never have been able to make themselves, for innate racial and "taste" prejudices simply would not let them do it. Beatles openly expressed his admiration for "colored American groups" and opened the eyes of white Americans in their own rich musical tradition, which probably would have remained for them "terra incognita", if not liverpupsky quartet.
For one year rapid "Beatles" breathed into "rock" new life, giving him the new standards and directions. First, they played great music (remember the primitive forms typical "rock" of the time), writing on their own or in their own interpreting various style works of other authors. They performed this music with the energy developed in Hamburg and inspirational rise engendered by their striking individuality. Secondly, they headed "British invasion", which next year put forward a constellation of British artists began refining American folk forms. And third, they were a source of inspiration for legions of American imitators, who were soon to create their own music.
"The Beatles & quot; standardized composition of rock ansamblin - two guitars, bass and drums - avoiding the (so far) "copper" in general and in particular the saxophone and piano and pushing the body to a secondary position. Based on this set of tools created then their ensembles many excellent folk musicians who "Beatles" persuaded emotional power amplifiers. In 1965, even Dylan "electrified". "The Beatles" at the same time defined the concept of the group as the main creative unit "rock." Even today, an individual artist-writer is generally regarded as an exception. Accumulates ensemble music and the performing ability of its members into a single creative force, much greater than the sum of its components.
Throughout the creative way "Beatles" their work was surrounded by all the expanding ring influences that they have on other musicians, but their main achievement is always the music that they themselves created. From the very beginning and almost until the end of its existence as a single ansamblin they could be constantly improved, showing each step more innovation and originality ...
Summing up all the compliments addressed to "The Beatles", they can be divided into three categories. Firstly, the musical virtues: Lennon and McCartney - authors magnificent, perhaps unequaled in rock music tunes: all members of the group - excellent performers; Finally, for the music & quot; credo of "The Beatles" is characterized by the search for new forms, experiments with sound, constant attempts to expand the arsenal of expressive means rock. Second, the "socially intelligent" way: members of the group (by the way, all of the Beatles - came from working-class families) managed to keep "neburzhuaznost" despite the success and wealth: in songs and public appearances musicians often for acute social problems and, Overall, a very accurate (no wonder some of the songs "The Beatles" were almost hymns) expressing non-conformist mentality of western youth. Well, and the third - the psychological factor, namely, the charm of "The Beatles" - and how perfectly compatible a whole, and each musician individually; their humor, spontaneity, sweet demeanor, it is not "in zaezdnyh" but absolutely compelling. Among all the rock idols "The Beatles" -The most humane.