Gonarthrosis is a chronic progressive disease of the knee joint, where the cartilage and the adjacent bone tissue occurs degenerative changes. Diet for osteoarthritis of the knee joint is primarily aimed at correcting the weight – obese people often face with this problem.
Information about the disease
The osteoarthritis develops gradually. Initially, the main symptom is slight discomfort in the knee, arising from the movement. At this stage the bone practically is not deformed, but the joint swells due to the accumulation of fluid in the knee. Over time, patients it becomes difficult to climb and descend the stairs appear pronounced pain (they are worse after rest and subside when lying down or sitting). Eventually the pain becomes continuous and very intense, it is localized on the inner side of the knee. Additional symptoms of gonarthrosis: a crunch in the knee, inability to bend the foot, deformation of the knee joint, gait changes.
The diet is characterized by a reduced calorie diet by cutting the proportion of simple carbohydrates and animal fats. The diet should remain full and balanced. Observed thatosteoarthritis is more often experienced by people who eat a lot of meat.
It is recommended to limit the share of this product in the diet (enough for 2-3 servings per week). It should be remembered that the priority for lean varieties (beef, veal, chicken).
It is necessary to limit the use of products such as
• Pastries from pastry or puff pastry
• Fatty sauces
• Pork and lamb
• Refractory fat
• Fresh peppers, tomatoes, onions, cabbage
• Spices and spicy seasonings
• Sour fruit
• Citrus fruits and juices from them
• Dried fruits
• Whole milk, fatty dairy products
Norm of salt is recommended to cut to a minimum (you can go to a salt-free diet). The regeneration of cartilage and contributes to a jelly, prepared on the basis of bone broth (it contains a lot of collagen, necessary for building cartilage). You can also use gelatin. It is useful to eat fish (it's OK to eat fatty, because fish oil is very useful).
It is mandatory in menu should include milk products: kefir, yogurt, fresh cottage cheese. The norm of butter is restricted (it is worth adding to the finished dish).
If you arthritis diet should include fresh, baked, steamed or braised vegetables. The priority cauliflower, eggplant, zucchini, squash, carrots, greens. From the whole range of fruit preference for kiwi, apples, bananas (the latter should be eaten moderately). Do not forget the pine nuts, almonds, walnuts, pumpkin seeds and sunflower seeds. From fats preferably all kinds of vegetable oils (they can be added to the salad, with their participation is to cook food).
In this pathology you should drink plenty of pure water. If there is a tendency to edema, it is possible to pay attention herbal diuretic fees. The optimal daily norm of free fluid-1.5-2 l
The above lists useful and to the exclusion of the products may be revised and supplemented (consult a doctor). It is important to remember that arthritis need to treat one only a diet will not solve the problem.