In return Russia "penniless" methods of payment. Enterprises are experiencing an acute shortage of liquidity, offer employees to purchase goods on credit against future wages. In the Kuzbass and Tomsk they are given toilet paper, washing powder and meat.
In the crisis of the 90s the Russians received their salaries refrigerators, motorcycles, furniture, toilet paper and other goods produced by their employers. In Primorye in 1997 employees of one company offered a choice of coffins or even manure. Now employers are experiencing a shortage of working capital, began to offer their employees receive food packages against future wages.
Thus, in holding "Siberian Business Union" (VTS) in the Kemerovo region employees offered from December last year to buy food produced "SDS-Agro", part of the holding, in the wage bill. However, as noted in an interview BFM.ru in the Department of Media Relations CDC, "it is primarily an anti-crisis measure, which aims to support the employees in terms of inflation».
The representative of the "Siberian Business Union" Elena Chernysheva BFM.ru in an interview said that the products "SDS-Agro" spreads through the point of sale, located on the territory of production enterprises of the holding. This milk, dairy products and meat are sold much cheaper than in urban stores. For example, 1 kg of pork employee of the company will pay 120 rubles at an average retail price of 200 rubles per kg. "This service is in a stir among the company's employees, and the products can be taken in the interest-free loan and pay non-cash, then this amount will be deducted from wages," - said Chernyshov. A company representative added that the staff holding company "SDS-Agro" sells its products in almost its cost. Structure of sales of the "SDS-Agro" Chernyshov reveal difficult, but noted that now most of the points of sales realized through enterprises, and sausage shops and dairies sent the smaller part.
On the poultry farm "Tomsk", part of the company "Siberian province» BFM.ru told the staff in December last year were able to buy goods on credit. Before the New Year in groups distributed food packages worth 1000 rubles. They include 3 rolls of toilet paper, powdered Tide, cookies Choco-Pie, eggs, vegetable oil, flour, chicken, pasta and rice. At the same time, as reported by the media Tomsk, employees, get set, noted that the cost of food in them above average. BFM.ru told a company representative, who requested anonymity, the practice of selling these kits continue in the future.
"Also, employees can take the products by sheet, against future wages. But earlier there were limitations in the company: a month could borrow products to 700 rubles, but now officials are buying more, and we unofficially this restriction removed. All expenses are recorded in the statement, and then spent the sum deducted from future wages. Naturally, the next month, employees receive smaller amounts. Products purchased from the normal retail margin commodity, "- he says. At the same time representative of the company said that due to the crisis in the enterprise to cancel a number of social benefits prescribed in the collective agreement. However, this measure is enforced, the company is now experiencing an acute shortage of working capital, which leads to problems with the payment of salaries and provision of social benefits.
In a similar way, and I went Khladokombinat "Hladko" from Krasnoyarsk. There's employees offered to take in respect of salaries frozen seafood and caviar. A kilo of caviar counts as 1, 5 thousand rubles per kg in the market price of 2-2, 5 thousand.
The representative of the Moscow Bar Association "Justice" in an interview with Mikhail Zhukov BFM.ru notes that in the standard employment contract clearly states that the employer must make an employee is cash payments for work. "If the payments are made are natural, it is only with the mutual consent of the parties that must be authorized by the additional agreement. In any case, this measure should be temporary, not permanent ", - he explains. At the same time, the expert noted that currently many Russians calculation is simple: better to take food than do not get money at all.
As noted by researcher at the Center for Labor Studies Higher School of Economics Alexei Oschepkov if the employer pays the employee's own food production in the future expense of wages, in fact, it has no debt on wages, but actual employee does not receive a salary in full. And that means that statistics may not fully reflect the real situation in the country. "It is possible that in the future trend of" natural calculations "with employees will only grow and gain a large scale. Likewise, the total debt on wages will increase. Everything will depend on how the crisis will develop, "- he believes.
According to the Federal State Statistics Service, as of January 1, 2009 to the attention of the total wage arrears in Russia amounted to 4, 7 billion rubles. Arrears of wages due to the lack of organization of own funds was 4, 4 billion, or 94, 4% of the total arrears. The total amount of arrears of wages accounted for 39% of manufacturing.