You probably are aware of the project innovative Hyperloop transport system, which was introduced in 2013 by Elon Musk, founder of SpaceX and Tesla Motors. This system is a network of pipelines, inside of which a vacuum is created and in which in a special capsule on magnetic levitation, people will be able to travel between the cities with empotrada a speed of about 1200 kilometers per hour (760 mph).
And in the very near future, literally in the next few weeks in the area of the Quay Valley, California, will start building the first test track for the Hyperloop system, the length of which will be 5 miles (8 kilometers).
Elon Musk (Elon Musk), founder of the famous space company SpaceX and the President no less famous carmaker Tesla Motors, some time ago announced plans for the creation of high-speed transportation system, dubbed Hyperloop. This pipeline transport system will allow passengers to move at such high speeds that the trip from San Francisco to Los Angeles only takes a few minutes, and crossing the North American continent from one coast to another will take less than an hour time.
Specialists of the company ET3, located in Longmont, Colorado, are working on the project Hyperloop transport system, the project, called Evacuated Tube Transport.
The transport system Hyperloop, according to Elon musk, is "a cross between a Concorde, rail gun electromagnetic and magnetic table for playing table hockey." But to be more precise, this transport system is a pipeline system raised above the Ground, equipped with the suspension working due to the effect of magnetic levitation, similar to those used in bullet trains. Inside the piping system is created if no vacuum, then sufficiently high negative pressure that allows the transport capsule moving at very high speed, virtually unopposed.
Capsule the size of a large car will carry six passengers. Design of capsule manufactured using space technology, allowing it to withstand prolonged stay in highly rarefied air while moving at a speed of about 6500 kilometers per hour. According to preliminary calculations, the construction of a pipeline transport system can be the amount spent is ten times less than that required for the construction of high-speed rail line of similar length, and four times less than the cost of highway construction. Estimated cost of transportation of one passenger from Los Angeles to new York will be about only 100 dollars.
However, regarding the Hyperloop are not good news, the construction of the test track will cost a really huge amount of money. According to initial information the project was estimated at $ 100 million, but closer to the start of construction this amount has grown by leaps and bounds and is now about 6 billion.
Given the fact that a system like Hyperloop, is a huge leap forward for vehicle technologies, and given the fact that the track needs to be built seismologically sustainable, the present value is a more realistic figure than the first evaluation. However, once technologies move from the category of prototypes in production models, their value may decrease to the level of the initial estimates.
The second news regarding the Hyperloop is an extremely small probability that the first such transport system will be built on the territory of the United States, despite the development of a system within the same country. "Currently there are some countries whose governments have already reached some agreements with the management of our company," says Bibop Gabriele's great (Bibop Gabriele Gresta), chief Executive officer of the Hyperloop project, "these countries have the capacity and the desire, they lack in transport infrastructure due to high population density. In addition, in these countries our company will be less under pressure of various regulatory and governing bodies".
However, before the first capsule of the Hyperloop system will go to run on the test track, you will need to develop a number of new related technologies. In January 2016 in one of the cities of the state of Texas to begin the first phase of the competition Hyperloop Pod Competition, and will soon be published updated requirements to the participants of this competition. In this tournament will be considered the draft designs of capsules for the transport system. And those of participating teams, which will be the first stage of the competition will receive the opportunity to build real prototypes of these capsules two different types (with and without wheels). Teams that do not have enough funding to create full-scale prototypes will be highlighted in a separate group where they will be able to demonstrate a scale model of their designs.
The winners of the Hyperloop Pod Competition will be the team capsule which will be able to undergo without damage a test track in minimal time. And then extra points will be awarded for four categories — "Final design and construction (Final Design and Construction), Security and reliability (Safety and Reliability), performance (Performance in Operations)" and "Efficiency in motion (in Flight Performance)". After scoring and taking into account the mass of additional parameters will determine the final winners of the competition, the development of which may become prototypes of the actual capsules Hyperloop transport system.
It is worth noting that the team Hyperloop Transportation Technologies is part 25 of enthusiastic students of the University of California in Los Angeles and about 200 engineers and volunteers from NASA, Boeing, Airbus and other companies. At this stage, all they work on pure enthusiasm, and divided between stock options and future profits in case of success. published
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