Grapefruit: composition, useful properties of grapefruit. Treatment of grapefruit. Grapefruit diet and cosmetology
Grapefruit - is the tallest tree of citrus: it can reach a height of 10-12 m grows the tree where supplies: mainly in the tropics, and in our country is the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus
From the history of
Where did this plant, botanists have not yet been realized, and in the wild it was never found. There are suggestions that grapefruit is a hybrid fruit, which we have called pomelo (scientific name - "shaddock") and sweet orange. Hybridization occurs in nature, random, and it happened in Central America - so considered, but the play is no interbreeding is unable
The British called grapefruit grape fruit, but it is not associated with grape flavor: a grapefruit often grow in clusters, which can be from 3 to 12 fruit - it is very beautiful. The fruits are large, up to 0, 5 kg, and peel them thick - bright orange or bright. Taste, however, like all fruits - he bitter and pungent flavor and peculiar
The Europeans saw the grapefruit tree in the middle of the XVIII century, when came to Barbados and then to Jamaica - but it was at the beginning of the XIX century - in 1814. About 100 years later, it began to sell fruit on the fruit of all the world markets, and at the same time, in 1911, they were in Russia. In 60-ies of XX century, the fruit was put out, which is considered the best: it received as a result of interbreeding with tangerine; he is thin, easy to peel, and tastes -. sweet and sour
The composition and caloric content of grapefruit
The composition of grapefruit includes many nutrients, vitamins and minerals - they constitute a remarkably active combination. Very few calories - only 35 kcal per 100 g; have proteins, carbohydrates, fats bit; dietary fiber, volatile, organic acids, natural sugars.
Vitamin composition of grapefruit: beta-carotene, vitamins A, C, E, PP, group B; Minerals - calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, iron, iodine, cobalt, zinc, fluorine, copper, manganese. Essential oils, pectins and carbohydrates as part of a grapefruit interact with each other, exerting a beneficial effect on the health of people who use these fruits. Natural sugars grapefruit more than oranges and vitamin C is not less than them; Grapefruit can be stored as much, or even longer.
Medicinal and useful properties of grapefruit
Grapefruits are rich in fiber and glycosides - they give them a bitter taste. The glycosides are involved in the regulation of various physiological processes in our body: improve digestion, activity of the cardiovascular system, contribute to the development of bile, prevents the development of atherosclerosis, etc.
For the prevention of heart disease should be 2-3 times a week to eat a grapefruit for breakfast - it is a whole, as the juice is not enough
At the age of menopause grapefruit helps reduce blood pressure, but it can not be combined with taking special medicines if you are taking medication in the morning, the grapefruit can be eaten in the evening, or vice versa
Even in ancient times grapefruits were known for their healing properties: they are the flesh, peel and juice was used for poisoning, to strengthen the gums and disinfect wounds
Today, grapefruits are often used in dietary food, and one of their valuable properties is the ability for a long time to maintain its healing properties. During transport, they do not spoil and can be stored for about a year, remaining the same tasty and healthy.
Grapefruit is most often eaten fresh and added them in different dishes: fruit and vegetable salads
Treatment Grapefruit: folk recipes
In some diseases gastrointestinal grapefruit normalize bowel, liver and gall bladder; lowers high blood pressure; if you drink a glass of fresh juice on an empty stomach, it is perfectly stimulates all the digestive system, preventing constipation and other problems of the abdominal cavity.
it is necessary to drink in the morning to 2 tablespoons for removal of stones from the gallbladder olive oil and drink it with grapefruit juice - 100 ml
Excess liquid grapefruit also removed from the body, cleansing the cells and organs of toxins, and pectin they contain strengthen blood vessels, including the tiny capillaries.
Fresh grapefruit juice
Fresh grapefruit juice has a tonic effect on the entire body, strengthens the immune system and improves the function of the nervous system, so it is recommended to use after operations and the transferred infectious diseases, as well as severe physical and mental stress.
Especially useful fresh grapefruit juice for people who by the nature of their work is very small move - for example, all the time spend on the computer. In such cases, 20 minutes before breakfast, you should drink a glass of freshly squeezed grapefruit juice.
When insomnia grapefruit also help: if you eat one fruit at night, sleep will be strong and deep. You can also drink half a glass of grapefruit juice.
Grapefruits have still very many useful properties, and they can write very much. For example, an adult is enough to eat a slice of fruit weighing 100 g to get more than half the daily requirement of vitamin C, almost 10% of potassium standards, as well as some amount of calcium and magnesium. Antioxidants, which are rich grapefruit, reduces blood levels of "bad" cholesterol - moreover in red fruit antioxidants than in white
Grapefruit juice reduces bleeding gums, and its seeds have anti-fungal and anti-microbial action.
Properties Grapefruit seed were studied by American researchers not so long ago, and it was found that substances contained in them, are able to kill bacteria, fungi and viruses. So, flavonoids and vitamin C significantly increase the body's resistance to disease: acting together, they can destroy 800 species of bacteria or viruses - such as the causative agents of influenza, herpes, streptococci, giardia, chlamydia; and more than 100 species of fungi, which include those that hit the nail plate and cause trouble to many people.
For diabetics grapefruit should become part of the diet, since its intake reduces the level of blood sugar, thus reducing the need for insulin. Given that this fruit is deeply involved in the digestive process breaks down fats, regulates appetite and helps lose weight, experts recommend certain types of diets with its use.
Grapefruit diet is good to use in the winter - the vitamins in it enough, but did not continue it for more than 7 days
The day should eat 2 fruit, combining them with protein food. In addition, you can eat salads, non-starchy vegetables, and other fruits - oranges, tangerines, apples
As for drinks, you can afford to herbal and green tea without sugar - once a day, you can add honey. The last meal should be no later than 7 pm, and in compliance with the diet for a week, you can get rid of 3-4 kg of excess weight.
When gastritis and gastric ulcer grapefruit diet is contraindicated.
In medicine it is used all the fruit Grapefruit: juice, pulp, peel, essential oil. Juice and fruits, many doctors recommend to use in cardiovascular diseases, for the prevention of anemia and gout, obesity, liver disease, gastritis, constipation; colds and viral infections, scurvy and bleeding gums; with edema and skin diseases.
When heartburn and pain in the stomach take 1 tsp rastёrtoy dried and powdered grapefruit peel, dissolving it under the tongue.
Tea made from the peel of grapefruit relieves diabetes mellitus: it is necessary to grind the dried peel, and brew it as a tea - 1 tsp per cup of boiling water. Drink 2-3 times a day.
It is known that grapefruit juice and interact with some drugs, and thus can cause severe poisoning. More often it are tranquilizers and anti-depressants; analgesics and antihypertensives; drugs that reduce cholesterol levels - but it is better not to take any medications with grapefruit juice and fruits
Grapefruit in cosmetology
In cosmetology and aromatherapy grapefruit derivatives are used widely: vitamin-rich grapefruit essential oil enriches the composition of many cosmetics: lotions, creams, gels, helps to relieve swelling and get rid of cellulite. This oil has disinfectant properties, maintains normal lipid balance and skin tone.
The fact that grapefruit helps burn fat, must have heard everything, and many also know that the face mask with grapefruit juice and slow down skin aging.
Efficiency is not only the fruit pulp and juice, but their skins.
Juice whiten skin and freckles on her; for oily and normal skin are good mask with the juice and peel of grapefruit lotions. This lotion is also very useful to wipe the skin of the neck - it strengthens and nourishes it
Hand Massage grapefruit rind with a small amount of meat will make the skin softer and remove peeling, strengthens the nails and helps them grow better.
Baths with juice and grapefruit essential oils make the skin of the whole body soft and velvety, and help to reduce fatigue after a working day, and scrub with grapefruit and sea salt - the perfect remedy for cellulite prevention
Of course, essential oil and grapefruit juice is used in the manufacture of confectionery products, and the essential oil and fruit essence - in the perfume industry
Woman using perfume or toilet water with the aroma of grapefruit, will always look in the eyes of a few years younger - so much his property, and in a bad mood will disappear, if you include in your menu fruits grapefruit
Let these bright and juicy fruit often will your breakfast, and then you will be all day in a good mood!