Russia is located in the north of Eurasia, occupies about a third of its territory (31, 5%). Extreme northern and eastern point of the mainland are both extremes of Russia. The country is in two parts of the world and occupies the eastern sector of Europe and northern Asia. Russia is washed by the seas of three oceans: the Atlantic, Arctic and Pacific.
The border between Europe and Asia within the Russian held the Ural mountains and the Kuma-Manych Depression. For Europe is only slightly more than 1/5 of the area of the country (about 22%). It is often under the European territory of Russia meant the whole territory lying west of the Urals (23% area). In any case, the share of the Asian part of Russia accounts for over 3/4 of the country. After Wrangel Island and Chukotka passes 180th meridian, hence the eastern edge of Russia lies in the Western Hemisphere. The geographical center of Russia located in the Krasnoyarsk Territory, Evenkia Autonomous District on Lake Vivi. In Tuva, near Kyzyl, it is the center of Asia.
The Russian Federation is the largest in size of territory country in the world, the area of the country is 17 million 75 thousand. 400 km2 (one-eighth of the area of the world). Area of Russia in 1, 7 times the size of Europe and in 1, 8 times the area of the US, 2 times the size of China's and 29 times the area of the largest European country - Ukraine.
The extreme northern point
The extreme northern point of mainland Russia is far above the Arctic Circle on the Chelyuskin Cape (77 ° 43 'N).
Cape Chelyuskin, which is the northernmost point of the Taimyr Peninsula and the mainland of Eurasia, man first reached in 1742. Then the team headed by Semyon Chelyuskin called the East Cape North. It was part of the Great Northern Expedition, which was approved by the Admiralty Board, believes that it is necessary to investigate in detail the north of Russia from the Pechora to Chukotka and to make the description of the places. In honor of Semyon Chelyuskin, polar explorer and researcher of northern Russia, the cape was named already in 1842, when the centenary of his expedition.
Track Log Chelyuskin, in which he shares his impressions of his journey by dog sled, difficult path it has carried out with his friends, and their arrival at the Cape, still kept in St. Petersburg, in the archives of the Navy.
The northernmost point of the Taimyr Peninsula is different harsh climate. The winter here is year-round, snow hardly melts and the temperature in July and August usually does not exceed ± 1C °.
The second person, who visited on the cape, became a geologist and geographer from Sweden Nils Nordenskiöld. The third was a Norwegian Fridtjof Nansen, which is September 9, 1893 sailed past Cape Chelyuskin in a strong snow storm on the ship "Fram».
The station is called radio-meteorological center where winter from 8 to 10 people. It built a number of residential buildings and research pavilions. Some of the buildings abandoned and not maintained. It is also the most northern airport and continental Eurasia "Cape Chelyuskin", which served Khatanga associate airline. From the airport there was only a helipad, served the military.
In 1932 on the Cape was undeveloped polar station, which was later added to the observatory. Now the station is transferred to the status of the weather. She constantly winter about 10 people. Communication with the mainland and civilization provides airport "Cape Chelyuskin" with a helipad.