1. Man differs from animals the ability to talk and think abstractly.
In fact, chimpanzees and gorillas can be taught human language (sign language, for example). The level of proficiency they can reach the level of a 2 year old child. The best of them are actively used to half a thousand words and understand more than 2 million. And they could even make new words, concepts of familiar words, swearing and even make fun of people
"You dirty bad toilet!" - So gorilla Koko swore at the young male named Mike, after he broke her favorite doll. Coco once said that it is "good bird" and is able to fly, but later admitted that it for fun. It is well to distinguish the concept of past and future, could tell that he misses and share experiences about what he sees. So Coco saw horse with the bit in his mouth, he immediately said, "The horse is sad," said the source - "Teeth". When he died, her beloved kitty, she sadly said - "The kitten was gone and not coming back."
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2. Man is the only animal created and used guns for different purposes.
Really not so long ago it was thought that many of the animals and even birds, can be selected and used for the production of food items, but not to process and create from them guns. However, in the second half of the XX century it was proven that apes do not just find and make these stone tools, sticks, twigs, and, moreover, consciously teach this younger generation.
3. Man has the biggest brain in animals. Yielding to the size of the brain of the animal world giants - elephants, whales, man surpasses them and everyone else in the ratio of brain weight to body weight.
Indeed the weight of the human brain is an average of 1/40 of the weight of the body is twice larger than that of our nearest relatives chimpanzees. In most of the dolphins tadpole brain more human, but so they figure noticeably inferior to man - 1/80. In most mammals, this ratio is much smaller. However, there are exceptions - squirrel monkeys or squirrel monkey, it is a ratio of 1 to 17, which is two times higher than in humans. But the champions in this regard are the birds (except flightless - penguins, ostriches), many of them relative sizes of the brain more than a man - from 1/20 and higher. The record holder - hummingbird they relate brain size to body weight 1 to 12.
4. Man differs from animals of social life. Only available to man the division of labor, the building of cities, the complex social structure. On the ground, living more than 7 billion. And most of them are cities. If you throw any kind of micro-organisms of animals under such a success, and the more such a level of social development. It is a complex social life possible to create Humans, agglomeration and even sverhaglomeratsii. In one such sverhaglomeratsii Tokaido Japan 83 million lives. Man.
Man is currently the most successful species of mammals. In number with it can compete only rodents, such as mice and rats. But the complexity of their social life as compared to a person is not great, and they do not organize large-scale coordinated flocks for survival and reproductive success. Their principle of success is quite simple - omnivorous, short term pregnancy, a large number of offspring. But without a human population of rats and mice fall into the thousands, if not tens of thousands of times, they are, in fact, our "domestic" animals and are completely dependent on the person.
However, there are social animals, which largely can bet man - that the ants. They are familiar with the division of labor - thanks to him, they create a viable and developing colonies with tens, hundreds of thousands of individuals. Division of labor - is not just asexual individual soldiers and workers, queens and males-uterus. Soldiers are divided into super-soldiers and ordinary soldiers. Ordinary soldiers guard the anthill and attack foes. Super soldiers with a huge head plug inputs to the nest and keep the defense. Working individuals are divided into groups that are engaged in various activities inside and outside the anthill. Developed among them and "agriculture" - ants cultivate fungi in burrows underground, guarded and "milk" the aphids on plants near the anthill, creating the conditions for their reproduction. Ants share information, coordinate their activities, feed offspring, queens and workers inside the anthill. Complex social device! Individual nests grow to enormous size and count up to 5 million. Individuals. Their total number is much higher than the total number of people on the planet.
In some species of ant colonies can be placed in dozens of built their nest. Prior to 2000, the largest discovered supercolonies ants Linepithema humile (Argentine ant) was known in the coastal part of the county Ishikari, Hokkaido, Japan. The colony consists of about 306 million ants and one million queens who live in ant hills on 45,000 Square 2.7 km². This is exactly one colony, the ants of the colony of ants attack the same kind of unrelated and recognize their anthills. What is not a state?
But this is not the limit, not so long ago were found supercolonies ants of the same species in California (900km strip along the coast) and the other - along the Mediterranean coast of Spain, France and Italy (band length 6 th. Km), their population is estimated at tens of billions individuals.
5. Man unique builder. He creates giant skyscrapers, ultradeep mines partitions off riverbeds dams
Indeed people in XX and XXI century has achieved great success in building. Highest Skyscraper in the World - 163-story Burj Khalifa Dubai, whose height is 828 m (on spike) and 643 m (on the roof) (construction completed in 2010). The deepest mine in the world - are in South Africa - "Tau Tona" and "Vitvateersrand", their depth of over 4,500 meters. The largest dammed river ¬¬¬- dam in China "Three Gorges" - a grandiose construction 2309 m in length 600m in width and 185 m in height (still under construction). Who in the animal world can compare with these builders?
Again let alone micro-organisms and sediment thickness of organic origin, not awake to talk about the Great Barrier Reef corals created hundreds of thousands of years - it can not be compared with more than one building humanity. We will compare only the structures created social animals. Do human competitors in this regard?
There is - it's termites. Termites are sometimes confused with ants, but in fact their closest relatives cockroaches. Maximum height of the measured officially mound 12, 8 meters - almost the height of a 5-storey building. Not impressed? But remember that the size of the blind builders of these mini-niboskrebov max 1cm. So, the relative height of the mound exceeds all the highest buildings in the world. If we translate these dimensions in the human, the tower mound vzmetnetsya for more than two-kilometer altitude. And the size of the structure itself, the area of its premises and a long corridor, any human building will fall behind in the dozens, even hundreds of times from the usual mound. And what about mine? And here we are back - the tower ground termite mounds only part of the structure, much of which is located deep underground. One mound moves goes to a depth of 34 m, in recalculation on the human dimension - 6-7 km depth. But scientists believe that the moves termites can go much deeper, up to 70 m and more.
As for the dams? Calm down, termites do not build dams, and here we are out of competition. Stop. Not exactly - in Canada, the two families of beavers built a dam for 10 years of 853 meters in length. Compare thousands of builders in China, armed with the latest technology and only two families of industrious beavers. Given their size, beaver dams is comparable with the Chinese, though not superior to it. Yet of personal sympathies I would give primacy workhorses-beaver.
I think it's time we were imbued with respect for the natural world and to understand that we are only a part of this world. Our uniqueness is undeniable, but the unique and all life that exists on our beautiful and amazing planet.