Anatoly S. Soy. 81 years.
Concentration camp prisoners, a decorated, the designer of the Palace of Congresses in the Kremlin in Moscow, and many residential neighborhoods. The grandfather of six grandchildren and two great-grandchildren.
Yelena Soya, Sydney Olympic champion in synchronized swimming - his granddaughter.
Mom was taken to the Gestapo, and we stayed
My life - the most common. I was born in 1927 in Dnepropetrovsk an average of the three brothers, the beginning of the war he graduated from 6th grade. My father went to the front of the second day, and we stayed with her mother. After two months of Dnepropetrovsk was occupied and bombed out completely. The city had no water, no electricity, no salt, no soap, not to mention the products. And four months later my mother was taken to the Gestapo for liaison with the guerrillas, and we are left with three brothers. The oldest was 17 years old, I am 14 and the youngest 11. The fed then - just a shame to say; All were Zayed lice.
The elder brother was very capable, he worked as a mechanic at the locomotive repair works, well painted. And of brass tubes learned to make lighter, engraved them himself. And I have a younger brother went to the flea market to sell. With the money to buy paint for fabric, aluminum spoons and forks - the only thing that could then buy, too, all homemade - folded in a bag and walked out of the city. At first, that it was possible to barter for food in nearby villages. So we exchanged father suit two buckets of maize. Then I began to have to go with the sled like a peddler of 30-40 km. When that was not possible, we had to ride the trains. And while there were only military train. We had to find the one that goes towards the rear, and when it departs from the station and picks up speed, jump on the stairs and hide between cars. So get over 70-80 km from the city. And when the train pulls into the station, jump, jump ahead and wait for when he will depart again, - the terms of protection and of the laws of war on all foreign military train shot. Especially difficult was the rush on the way back in the cold with 10-15 kg of corn. Shoot may at any time ...
Do not believe
I came in 1942 and I was 15 years old. With this age the Germans put all registered to work on them either in Germany, in a labor camp, or a place in Dnepropetrovsk. I refused to go to Germany. Then I was sent to the factory to them. Voroshilov loader. Before the war, it was a powerful military-industrial complex. Its time to evacuate, leaving only the walls, where the Germans staged a tactical warehouse. With me working there and my schoolmates Toll Lagutkin.
At lunch we were given a soup of millet and water, without salt, half a kilo of bread and in the evening, too, millet. I usually bring him home to somehow help the brothers. And this plant has been part of the fenced area where the Russian prisoners were kept, where they also worked. And somehow, in March 1943, returning after a 12-hour day home, we were just past the barbed wire. And hungry prisoners begged to give them bread. I felt so sad. I do not know where my father was then, maybe he just standing somewhere and requests. And I gave to some of them bread. It saw the SS man on the tower and turned on the alarm. We ran off, but we are, of course, was captured and brought to headquarters for questioning. The Germans were sure we handed weapons. Beat us so that we become like the burgers, they threatened to shoot the prisoners if we do not recognize. They claim the person who passed, and they're all on one person: overgrown, thin ... We do not remember who passed. We do not believe and left overnight in the chamber. And in the morning, accompanied by two SS men with guns taken somewhere. We were sure to be shot. Prior to that, already shot all the local Jews, who did not evacuate. But we were taken to the Gestapo. We have worked for six months in a concentration camp in his hometown.
Coffee from ground acorns
Meanwhile, the Germans were defeated at Stalingrad, long summer - at Kursk. And it was decided to take all the camps. And 27 September 1200 among our fellow citizens "with the temporarily occupied territory as a prisoner," I was deported to Austria, a concentration camp Mauthausen. We pushed for fifty people in a completely empty wagons and taken eight days without water and food. Unlike most other camps where slave labor, it was an extermination camp. Its construction by Spanish prisoners of war in 1938, Himmler personally inspected. And it is here the Germans began to bring their all trains with prisoners during their retreat.
In Mauthausen all the prisoners worked in a quarry. More than a month no one stood: die 500-600 people a day, or at work, or in the barracks at night, or just a dog bite to death. The dead were burned in the crematorium immediately. We, the kids, the stretcher loaded with stones, that adult prisoners attributed to the barges. They weigh more than 100 kg - of wire tied to the neck, like a collar. My daily routine was this: rise at 5 o'clock; half an hour all had to wash in cold water zone of the smaller Dusík in his barracks. If you do not - you'll beat the overseer of the prisoners. No soap, no towels were not - wiped his striped form in the wet then went to work. Shoes, canvas shoes with wooden soles on his bare feet. From the morning we were given half a liter of "bitter water" - a decoction of ground burnt acorns - such as coffee.
Then on the 40-meter "Stairs of Death" all went down into a pit on a 12-hour day in the winter - even in complete darkness. At 12 o'clock there was lunch: the prisoners were brought to his cart, a large thermos of soup, gruel of Rutabaga that it was necessary to drink for 2-3 minutes of bowls with two handles. Again, work until 6 pm. After dinner given 100 grams of bread from the acorn, bone and wood flour. But it seemed to us delicious chocolate. Sometimes given a piece of sausage from the old horse meat or a spoonful of marmalade bitter water. Or "meat soup" - worms which bred in the wheat husk. Until 11 pm - lights out - no one was allowed to enter the barracks, rest. In the courtyard of the camp SS man came and forced us to walk the goose step, then run, then go to bed, rise, people are more likely to become depleted. Slept all on solid planks in three floors of 300 in the 100-meter room. Rather than put his striped pillow shape. Flips to the other side of the team. Closeness was such that, even in the freezing cold with no glass in the windows steam billowed out. But fell asleep like the dead. As it was difficult to get up after 6 hours of sleep in the 12-hour work! ..