Metal stove used in the home for a long time: the Finns for their baths produce them for more than a hundred years, and in other countries, these small but very comfortable wood-burning oven too long ago popular.
In our country, with its cold climate and need for heating large volume premises, used stone ovens, made of brick. They occupied almost half of the house, but the heat had all night, and in city apartments popular was tall and elegant, but also brick "Dutch."
Fireplaces in Russia were aliens from the West appeared about two centuries ago, when Petersburg had become a truly European city, with all signs of European life.
However, at the beginning of the last century, war and revolution destroyed so well-established way of life, lacked not only food but also firewood to heat their luxury St. Petersburg apartment. Then came the little metal stove, called the "stove".
Compared to the big brick ovens and fireplaces, they did not require much fuel, rapidly heated, and in the space of one room felt warm. However, they cool down pretty quickly too.
And since these metal stoves are associated in the minds of our people with war, destruction and difficulties of everyday life. Remember: "winds in close stove fire on logs resin as a tear..."?
But practical Europeans have appreciated the undeniable advantages of these small stoves, produce them for decades in different versions and for interiors of different styles. What are they so comfortable?
It turns out that stoves, as they are now called, provide fast space heating, about half an hour in the room becomes warm, in contrast to the brick fireplace, which have to heat for much longer. Their advantage is easy to install: they do not require strong Foundation. They can be put on wooden floors — they weigh typically about two hundred pounds. Previously, of course, the floor must be isolated with ceramic tiles, thin plates of stone or metal sheet. This is necessary no longer that the floor under the stove is not bankrupt, and that fallen ember or spark did not get on the wooden floor boards.
The ease of installation should include the ease of connection to the chimney. In most furnaces the flue can be positioned vertically and then it will "pierce" the wall or ceiling above the stove, and the variant of the horizontal connection to the chimney. In this case, the chimney passes through the wall horizontally behind the stove and out of the room not visible (obstructed by the furnace).
The most important advantage, of course, applies high heat furnaces-fireplaces: at small sizes (the width and depth of about 60cm and a height less than one meter), the power reaches 20kW, even half of this power is enough to quickly warm up the room area of about 30 square meters. For this you will need 3-4 kg of wood, whereas the ordinary open fire — almost five times as much as a traditional fireplace heats the room through radiant energy, open flames, and the stove heats the air in contact with the walls of its chamber.
To improve the efficiency of heating the air around the firebox stove makes the second wall. They can be of steel, ceramic or stone. It uses the principle of convection: the heat, the cold air circulates up between the inner and outer walls and quickly heats the room. Therefore, in the West stoves is called convection.
Ceramic tiles can be of different colors and textures.
And steel wall cover heat-resistant paint, usually black or silver. Notice how it looks on a black background bronze finish oven. Echoing the flare of the flame, it gives ordinary iron "stove" refinement and gloss.
Furnace through the finish look very decorative and fit in with the interiors of the various types from classic to country and high-tech. Notice how a organic look oven in a classical setting.
High-tech interiors, of course, not compatible with previous models of stoves, they created new versions with a corresponding design. And our old friends — the lowly "stove" in his new appearance became completely unrecognizable, but they are modern and stylish look now!
The British, the guardians of the traditions, came up with a very clever use of stoves in the interiors of their houses: they put the stove in the niche for the fireplace and niches decorate accordingly. In the living room and the kitchen, this pizza oven is in place the fireplace looks original, and enjoy it very convenient.
The use of ovens in the kitchen are generally very practical and beneficial. Special models for kitchens have integrated oven, which is equipped with a temperature meter. In the oven, you can bake a cake, roast a chicken or just heat up dinner. Such a model will be very useful in the country house: you both heat the room and cook for the family dinner.
I want to say more about the advantages of these small stoves: their furnace is made of steel or cast iron and lined inside with chamotte bricks, and therefore, quite durable. Heat-resistant ceramic glass on their doors withstands temperatures up to 750 degrees, and to ensure that they do not become coated with soot, is provided "washing" glasses airflow. And another "plus": the heating capacity of these ovens can according to your desire to change what is built in the air and thrust.
So small and unpretentious furnace is quite convenient, relatively inexpensive, and can decorate your interior.