Internet has become a platform for Amateur gardeners, where they share their secrets of growing vegetable and fruit plants. Sometimes we offer tips, which are issued for innovative, controversial and divisive among gardeners. For example, the cultivation of fruit plants on the trellis and in shtambovoy form. I do not understand why people applying decorative shapes of growing plants to the design of the suburban area, trying to explain their actions, new technologies, speaking about the increase in productivity.
Coming up with any useful properties from their innovations. For example, the cultivation of berry crops in shtambovoy form, which in the mass is carried out for decorative purposes.
Invited to grow in shtambovoy form currants, gooseberries, and other berry plants and said about the significant benefits that are facilitating the care of plants and harvest, which supposedly increases due to different factors invented. And also that with this method of cultivation is less weeds, diseases and other troubles. Let's start with the fact that there needs to be clarified that a trunk is a tree, and berry plants is usually the Bush is formed from multiple branches. And even if one of these branches, turned into a tree, give illusory increased productivity by introducing "well-being", in General, the yield of berries obtained from the Bush, several times more than one branch.
Botanical properties and biological peculiarities of plants does not allow all to gather berries on the same branch in an amount greater than that provided by nature, and duration of fruiting of one branch is limited to 4-5 years. There are conventional technologies for growing plants adapted to different climatic conditions for thousands of years, to neglect which makes no sense. In different regions of the same Siberia may apply different technologies. While in Novosibirsk, I told the interviewees about the methods of cultivation of fruit crops in the TRANS. And gardeners from Novosibirsk could not understand why a huge effort to bury for the winter in the ground fruit trees grown in patchy form, and the berry patches. Then in the spring dig it all back.
And we have to do this because we have the arid area and snow almost never happens, and it is not enough to shelter plants for the winter. And in order to save the roots of plants, and themselves from freezing, they need to dig into the ground. And in the same Novosibirsk berries hiding in the snow. The formation of a currant Bush, for example, occurs in this way, when the average currant Bush has, for example, three branches are zero-order, three annual, three two, three three and three four-year branches. Are interchangeable depending on their condition. And in this case to talk about the benefits of growing black currant in shtambovoy form in order to increase yields unrealistic.
I tried at the time to move away from labor costs in the farming of large-fruited currant which is dug in for the winter, trying to grow it on a trellis, but failed. On the trellis are usually grown raspberries, unearthing it in the spring and tying it to stakes stretched cord or wire. Some fans, in the autumn, cutting out the old stems of raspberries and throw them together with a cord, to which they are attached. This same technology, by a tape method, a trellis, I wanted to grow and currants, which were buried for the winter, not to mess around with the bushes, forming and enclosing each year. Multiply your belt some currant cuttings, which dripped into the trench, and in the spring these cuttings appeared smooth number zero shoots of the currant, pleasing to the eye, but not giving any yield. Leaving the following year, this coast range and cutting out all unnecessary branches, I was faced with the problem of substitution, when one plant it was necessary to have two branches, in the autumn of protonotary cutting and leaving a branch replacement. However, if tied to a trellis flowering branch currant was in a strict vertical row, the second annual branch replacement has grown haphazardly in any direction, making a mess in the berry range, confusing tied up to the trellis branches.
Innovation in the growing berry crops, in particular, the version with currants growing on the trellis, did not give the expected effect, and I had to return to the traditional method. That is, to return all the bushes in place and shape them according to your needs, enclosing the Bush in the spring, cutting the excess branches and burying it for the winter. At the cottage with relatives in shtambovoy form grows honeysuckle, which after the division of the parent hive doesn't want to form their own hive. And growing three separate trees of the honeysuckle, but is growing rather forced than the pursuit of innovation. In shtambovoy form usually grown red currants, which is most suitable for this method of cultivation and does not require extra care.
Attempts to grow trees in the shape of a culture, like the gooseberry, are associated more with the process of harvesting, rather than with some "sophisticated" thoughts the decor and style of the garden plot. Gooseberry is a rather thorny Bush. And harvesting of gooseberry associated with always obtaining different depth scratches when the collector brings his "bloody" sacrifice, gathering berries, forced his way through the sharp thorns. Not for nothing, apparently, jam made from gooseberries belong to that part of the products of processing of berries, which have a category of "Royal" jam. published
Author: Sergey Puzyrev