They were the first

In life of each person first, tentative step is always the most important. With cars exactly the same parsley. Without first simple-minded, licensed BMW there would be no space i8; not cheer Enzo Ferrari to build a Speedster 125S, would not have happened then nor F40, nor the LaFerrari, but without the first FIAT we would have probably still walked. Today "Motor" recalls the first cars in the history of the biggest brands of our time.

This is the first release of our historical review, which included 20 cars Italian, British, German, French, American, Japanese and Korean automakers. Of the company are presented in alphabetical order.

Alfa Romeo – Alfa 24 h.p. (1910)




As you know, the name of the famous Milanese brand is half the abbreviation. Originally A. L. F. A. is a Anonimo Lombardo Fabbrica Automobili, that is something like JSC "Factory of Lombardy". The second half of the name went to Marche from the businessman Nicola Romeo bought Alfa in 1915.

The first car brand A. L. F. A. — a model of 24 h.p. — equipped with row "Quartet" in volume of 2,4 liters and capacity, which is characteristic of 24 horsepower. Later on this same machine four-liter motor, and the speed of this "alpha" close to 100 kilometers per hour. Not so sweet for the beginning of the XX century.

Aston Martin "Coal Scuttle" (1914)




In contrast to the "rolls-Royce", only part of the name of this British brand is the name of the founder. And the second part. In 1913, a successful London dealer Lionel Martin won the speed climbing the hill, "Aston Clinton". To celebrate, he came up with for future models then still existed only in the project of the company name of Aston Martin crossed the title race and their own name.

The first car of the brand was the Isotta Fraschini chassis with a 1.4-liter Coventry-Simplex. Lionel very creatively named their car Coal Scuttle, that is, the "coal-scuttle". But then the war started, so laugh, racing, and together with them and the car production had to be postponed for four years.

Audi Type A (1910)




When August Horch three sheets quarreled with the Board of Directors of a private company Horch (those considered auto racing a waste of time and effort, and August was sure that Motorsport is synonymous with progress), he slammed the door and started a new firm. The Latin word Audi means roughly the same thing that Horch in German — the verb "to listen".

The first production car new company was the Audi type a 2.6-liter, 22-horsepower engine. In technical terms, the car is largely repeated Horch 18/22, but none of this scandal to inflate did not.

Bentley 3-liter (1919)




The first British car, the name of which indicated the engine size and not his power — it's a Bentley 3-liter, developed by Walter Bentley and his friend Frank Burgess, a former racer and designer of Humber.

At first, Bentley Motors, based in London, offered customers only the chassis without the body. And at the price of over 1000 pounds, the three-liter Bentley was reputed to be one of the most expensive on the market. The model was offered in three versions: Blue Label is the standard Red Label — forced version with the compression ratio increased to 5.3:1, and the Green label — a shortened chassis and with a powerful motor that guarantees a maximum speed of 160 kilometers per hour.

BMW 3/15 DA1 (1929)




After the First world war-known manufacturer of aircraft engines was forced to find a new use for manufacturing facilities. At one time BMW produced even kitchen furniture, then switched to motorcycles, and in 1928, the year bought the Dixi company, engaged in the Assembly of the licensed Austin Seven. So the first BMW is a legal copy of the English subcompact.

A composite index of the original "behi" — 3/15 DA1 — stands for. The first digit — power tax, the second — the actual number of "horses". The letter DA is the abbreviation for Deutsche Ausführung, something like "Made in Germany".

Bugatti type 13 (1910)



My first vehicle was a Quad bike with four (!) motors — Ettore Bugatti was built in 1899. But the first car, decorated with the famous oval logo Bugatti was the Type 13.

The Assembly of the model established in the shops of the former dyeing in German (at least at that time) Molsheim, which became home to the firm's Italian engineers. Before the First world gathered only four copies are very light — at only 300 pounds — 30-HP models. The real glory waited patiently Ettore and his creation only a few years.

Cadillac Model A Runabout (1902)



The first passenger "Cadillac" was very similar to the first passenger Ford. Generally, these companies have more in common than you might think. In fact, the car brand Cadillac began to produce in the factory... the Henry Ford Company. Until then here ran the same Henry Ford, has not yet been driven by investors. The new technical Director of the company appointed Henry Leland, the company was renamed Cadillac Automobile Company. The first car of the future premium brand built on the basis of developments that left Ford.

Chevrolet Classic Six (1911)



Misunderstanding. That's what happened in the relationship of the brand's founder William Durand and Louis Chevrolet. The first — a clever businessman desperate businessman and decisive strategist — invited the second, a famous racing driver and constructor, to build a cheap and popular car. But Chevrolet, crazy about speed, not on the dollars made expensive and powerful model Classic Six with a six-cylinder engine and a price tag as the "Cadillac". When Durand had insisted on the release of cheaper cars, Chevrolet, offended by the fact that his name is used on some consumer goods, slammed the door.

Chrysler B70 (1924-25)



In the early 1920s, former President of Buick, as well as a successful crisis Manager "jeep" and "Maxwell" Walter Chrysler discovered the market niche he wanted to make rather powerful and prestigious car, which was manufactured in large quantities. That, in turn, allowed to make the price attractive. So was born the Chrysler B70 — beautiful and inexpensive, with a 3.3-liter "six" power of 68 horsepower and hydraulic brakes on all wheels. In the first year Chrysler managed to sell more than 30 thousand "semidesyati", and in the sky Detroit new star has risen.

Citroen A (1919)



Ended the First world deprived of a major French industrialist andré citroën, nazhivshy state on military orders, the basic earnings. Then, instead of shells, he decided to produce cars. Simple, reliable and cheap. Citroen type A 10CV, the engineers created by Jules Salomon and Edmond Moya was fitted with a 18-strong 1,3-litre engine and accelerated to 65 miles per hour. The car was worth no more seven thousand francs somewhere three times less than the usual price tags of car of the time. It is not surprising that two months Citroen has collected over 16 thousand orders and soon earned fame of the French Henry Ford.

Ferrari 125S (1947)


Enzo Ferrari more than anything, loved racing and race cars. And he is unlikely to ever be decided on the issue of conventional cars, but... needs must. The costs of the "Scuderia" have to pay, and Enzo decided to make cars for sale. In any case, it was supposed to be athletic, pedigreed cars!

The first machine that could be called 100 percent of Ferrari, was Speedster twin 125S, developed by Gioacchino Colombo. 12-cylinder engine capacity of 1.5 liters gave out 118 horsepower, with a mass of 650 kilograms is allowed to accelerate to 170 kilometers per hour. For the first six months of the new Ferrari in 14 starts, scored six victories, and in Maranello have pulled the stream of wealthy clients.

FIAT 3,5 h.p. (1899)



"Italian factory of cars of Turin", or simply FIAT, founded July 11, 1899, and towards the end of the year the world saw the first vehicle of the brand. FIAT 3,5 h.p. with two-cylinder 600-CC engine was given a four horsepower, was mated to a three-speed gearbox, which had no reverse gear, and was offered with a standard body work carriage masters of Turin, Marcello Alessio. The maximum speed of the first "Fiat" was 35 kilometers per hour.

Ford Model A (1903)



A dentist from Chicago Ernst Pfennig made history, becoming the first buyer of Ford. July 15, 1903, a successful dentist bought A Ford runabout with an additional option in the form of a convertible top. The purchase cost Mr. Pfennig 850 dollars. The very same Ford Model A, as we mentioned, great resembled the Cadillac Model A. the Difference was in the engine: "Ford" stood a two-cylinder unit, and the Cadillac single-cylinder cost. Perhaps that is why Ford was worth a hundred bucks more.

Honda T360 (1963)



The first four-wheeled "Honda" is this a nice little truck, although the spirit of this truck, handsome was more like a sports bike. What do you say, for example, the tachometer, marked up to 14,000 rpm?

In reality 356 CC twin-shaft four-cylinder engine spinning a little less, but only slightly. Maximum 30 horsepower Honda T360 developed at 9,000 rpm and accelerated to 62 miles per hour. Another rarity was a five-speed gearbox.

Hyundai Pony (1975)



One of the largest industrial conglomerates of South Korea's Hyundai became interested in cars in the late 1960s. the First time it was limited to licensed production of the British models, but then the Koreans wanted more. Giorgetto Giugiaro has designed and British engineer George Turnbull from parts Mitsubishi — motor, transmission, rear axle, suspension — gathered the first Hyundai that received the modest name "Pony". Despite the simple appearance and simple features, the car immediately became popular. Largely due to the very affordable price.

Infiniti Q45 (1989)



The first ever car of this Japanese premium brand was a slightly adapted version of the Nissan President in the back JHG50. Under the hood, V8, 280 force, an automatic transmission, leather, the works... But, unlike the competing Lexus LS, at once took energetic start, luxury sedan Infiniti buyers have reacted calmer. Much calmer.

Jaguar SS Jaguar (1931)



Sagacity of sir William Lyons can only envy. In the early thirties founder of Swallow Sidecar, also known under the abbreviated name of SS, just in case patented the word Jaguar as a brand. At first, the "Jaguars" was the name of the series of Swallow Sidecar models: sedan, coupe, roadsters. But after the war, when the abbreviation SS appeared unpleasant Association, the Swallow Sidecar became Jaguar.

Jeep CJ-2 (1945)



The Americans prefer to chronology "Jeep" in 1941. Since, as the series has gone multi-purpose military jeep Willys MA in the world more known by the nickname "Jeep". However, for the first time this word is used as the official name of the Rover in 1945. Intended for sale to private hands variant war machine was named the Willys CJ-2, CJ and letters actually meant Civilian Jeep. Otherwise the differences from the hero of war time were minimal: the same 2.2-litre engine, the three-step box, the familiar outlines of the body. From the new — grille and the color palette is a little brighter khaki.

Kia FIAT 124 (1970)



Surely you ask: "What, couldn't find a better photo?". And we answer: "All claims are sent to the address of the corporate Museum KIA". The straight from there. It is difficult to say why the license of the Korean Fiat 124 presented in the exposition of historical storage in such osathanon, but the fact remains — the first passenger of "Kia" was the painfully familiar "Lada". Ugh, FIAT 124. So what? From the song words can not erase.

Lamborghini 350 GT (1964)


Argue by Enzo Ferrari about the quality of sports cars, Ferruccio Lamborghini decided to prove that he is worth something. And proved. Hiring a whole bunch of eminent engineers and designers whose services cost a fortune, Ferruccio first try got a good result. Lamborghini 350GT came out beautiful, and powerful, and not very whimsical. Its 12-cylinder, 280-horsepower engine allowed the car to accelerate to a respectable 250 km / h. published

 

P. S. And remember, only by changing their consumption — together we change the world! © Join us at Facebook , Vkontakte, Odnoklassniki

Source: motor.ru/articles/2015/06/30/firstcar/

Tags

See also

New and interesting