The French do not snack. And their children too.
The memories of the grandmothers in our villages also not snacking. "Pull the food", "kusochnichat" was considered unacceptable and severely punished. You can often hear: "don't eat that, you'll ruin your appetite!", "we need to work up an appetite", "just a table". All this is a reflection of traditional folk culture for which the snack was unacceptable. I note that there was no refrigeration, and the bars hot dogs not sold.
In many countries preserved a similar tradition. Unfortunately, in Belarus this tradition is destroyed and there is an aggressive imposition of "healthy snacks." For the average person is never "healthy snack", it is just as absurd as a "healthy drug". A rare exception would be for athletes, but not about it now speech.
According to statistics, 72% of women snack during the working day, chips, crackers, candy, often explaining that these treats — the only thing that brightens their working hours. Many office workers are forced to eat right at your Desk as a full meal you can't afford due to heavy load and heavy volume of work.
In the United States in the 50 years of the twentieth century "people for Breakfast, lunch and dinner. They ate at home, the whole family at the same table... Snacks have been the prerogative of children and adolescents to feed a growing boy. In adults, it was not accepted," says Meredith Luce, a nutritionist from Orlando. But the bite gradually become the norm, and statistics show that it happened in the same 1980s and 1990s is Even worse that the snack calories, usually do not kompensiruet by reducing calorie main meals: we do not consider it necessary to reduce the portions for lunch or dinner due to the fact that munching all day.
In many respects this rule is formed by the food industry, the aim of which is to sell more food. For three meals a day not much to sell, so marketing is focused on the erosion of traditional power and increase the number of times.
Aggressive implementation of: "do Not brake – snikersni", "you're not you when you're hungry". The introduction of new behavioral habits: popcorn during movies, chips with friends etc. the Inclusion of "liquid calories" — soda. Yes, this is also calories and also the snack!
Outside American cultural norms, as a rule, reduced the risk of conditioned reflex overeating. Snacks are condemned in the traditional culture of countries like Japan, Turkey, France.
Countless publications based on the research material, and on pure theorizing, trying to explain the so-called French paradox, namely that the French are less likely to suffer from cardiovascular disease and obesity than Americans, but consume more fat. According to one theory, the fact is that in France, prepared with healthy olive oil. On the other — the secret in red wine. A third asserts that the French are healthier because their life is less stress than Americans, the fourth explains this phenomenon to genetic differences in metabolism. The answer is simpler: a feature of the power in France that the French do not snack
Note that according to recent statistics, French women are recognized as the most skinny Europeans. According to the sociologists who conducted the study, to be included as an exceptional category. The index of weight of a body of French women, the ratio between weight and height, was the lowest in Europe. It is 23.5 at a time, as the proportion of the inhabitants of Ireland equal to 24.5.
Another factor of nutrition in France protects the French from obesity, is a historical tradition is two or three times a day, with family or friends, without snacking in between. For a long time, French restaurants even served customers only, which is considered traditional for lunch and dinner.
- In France, we still maintain a very strict power structure, — said Frans Bellil studying obesity in a Paris hospital Hotel Dieu. - Your cultural traditions do not allow snacking in between main meals? — I specified. Yes, that's right. The French since I can't do that. This is wrong. Bellil often tells his students: "What, nobody brought the audience anything? If we were in America, you would have surely come with coffee, doughnuts and chocolate bars." Not in France. "Anybody and in a head has not come to bring food to the classroom, she adds. They never did, and they are not attracted to this idea. In our environment nothing provokes the wrong food at the wrong time". Alas, norms of behaviour and power in France, which has protected you from overeating, demanding that we eat only at certain times of the day are blurred and out of America.
Even in France, already there are snacks, restaurants, fast food and other temptations. As from overseas are exported to the concept of accessibility of delicious food, it becomes obvious that the conditioned-reflex overeating is not considered borders.
Jean-Pierre Poulain, who heads the Center for the study of the hospitality industry at the University of Toulouse (Le film), sees signs of a gradual cultural drift from the structured power to what he calls the stray food. He believes this movement is the destructurization of the French traditions associated with food. Although stray consumers still lunch and dinner in a family circle or with friends, they never miss a chance several times throughout the day to eat in solitude. Frans Bellil noticed the same trend. "Associated with food signals are becoming more numerous and more aggressive," she says. As a consequence, obesity begins to threaten the French, and this is especially noticeable in children. Note that the upbringing of children nutrition in France does not allow them to coachnet:
1. In France, children are not allowed to open the fridge and take out all that pleased.
They have to ask permission from the parents. It is not only disaccustoms children "kusochnichat", but also helps to maintain order in the house. 2. In France the kids decide what's for lunch or dinner.
Of course no offers. All family members eating the same things. To test this method safer in the home. If the child is not eating or barely touched, react calmly. Do not offer another dish instead. Suppose a child is only beginning to come out of their children's food restrictions. Lighten his life – prepare meals that everyone likes family members, and then gradually introduce the new diet. 3.
Perhaps, the main principle of the French approach to child nutrition is that the child must try at least a piece of what lies on the plate
. I'm sure not all French families are this rule is considered sacred, but I are not met.
Try to imagine the child "taste" rule as a law of nature – the same gravity. Explain that our tastes are formed, depending on what we eat. If the child is nervous and doesn't want to try something for the first time, offer him at least a sniff of a bite (maybe he'll eat some). Every time offer just one new product. Together with him serve a dish that the child will like.
Watch the process, but do not be like the jailer. Keep calm, and even better – turn everything into a game. After the child finally swallowed the treasured piece, praise him. React neutrally if he didn't like. Never offer another dish instead. Don't forget that your game is designed for the long term. You don't want the kid ate an artichoke once in my life, and under pressure. Your goal is to gradually teach him to love artichokes. 4. Even if a product does not your child, don't give up and after some time again to offer it.
Add broccoli to the soup, serve with melted cheese or fry in oil. Maybe broccoli will never be a favorite dish of your child, but every new flavor increases its chances to become a familiar product. And then you will hesitate to include broccoli in the family menu. Of course, the child is not obliged to love all of the products. But you at least will give a chance to each of them. 5. The French talk a lot about food.
It's part of food culture in France. These conversations help them to instill in children the idea that food is not only a source of vital activity. Food – an interesting taste experience.
French manuals on child rearing suggest not to limit the conversation about food with the children alone, "like – dislike", and suggest to ask questions: "these apples are Sour or sweet?", "The taste of mackerel is different from the taste of salmon?", "Which is better, red lettuce or arugula?".
Think of food as an invitation to conversation. If suddenly collapsed cake or a roast was inedible, laugh over it together. In the supermarket, walk around the grocery series, together with the child, let him choose fruits and vegetables. Also interesting: In the thrall of food: 5 ways to get out of eating School lunch in Japan is not just about the food!
But the main thing – always talking about food positively in a good mood. If your child suddenly announced that he no longer loves pears, calmly ask, and that he chooses to love in return.published Author: Andrey Blueskin P. S. And remember, only by changing their consumption — together we change the world! ©