Lecture notes twice Doctor of Science Tatyana Chernigov of practices, how to train the brain.

- The brain learns all times, even when we do not pay attention to it.

- It was once thought that Neanderthals - dead-end, and we are not related to them. When the Neanderthal genome was sequenced, it was found that quite a family.

- More fanfakt: several species homo lived at the same time, such as Neanderthals. If you think about it in terms of results in the form of us, then we can imagine that while both lived in several types, each of whom have something did not reach.

- Plus relatively recently it has been discovered in the Altai denisovan. Found a phalanx girl 13 years old, was sequenced and found that this is not a Neanderthal, and not the person (within the meaning of homo sapiens), but something else.

- The important difference between man and other animals is language and consciousness.

- We constantly have to deal not only with the objects themselves, but also with symbols.
Here, for example, on the table is glass. Why it is called "glass"? Why draw it?
It seems that man has what can be called "a passion for duplication of the world».

- I said that Lotman, with whom she talked, said that while Turgenev described the "superfluous men" and they were not. The young ladies fainted, until it has been described in the literature, and so on. N. This is the question of how art affects the world.

- We have in mind in general is very abstract things: mathematics, music, time.

- A person may be lucky genes, but you still need to learn and be pumped. Luck genes - it's like a grand piano Steinway, had inherited. Well, of course, but to play something on it will still need to learn.

- It is important to understand that we depend on our brain at 100%. Yes, we look at the world "with their own eyes," is something we hear something we feel, but what we understand is all depends on the brain. He decides what we show and how. In fact, we do not know what reality really is. Or how the world sees and feels the other person? A mouse? What the world saw the Sumerians?

- The brain knows how to learn and understand how he does it, but does not explain this to us.
If you would understand - we have learned differently.

- Perhaps, in schools and universities should teach no more a set of facts, and how to obtain information. Important questions: how to learn to learn? How to learn to control attention or memory? How to learn to correctly classify and packaging information?

- The brain - not a sieve. We are, roughly speaking, do not forget, a large part of the data is in the "folder" Other "».

- If you want something to remember in the morning - and the need to learn to fall asleep. Some time ago it was a guess, now it is a scientific fact. The data should move in long-term memory, and it occurs only during sleep.

- Reference was made to the principles of the functioning of complex systems (synergy) and cognitive algorithms for decision making, but without any details.

- She said that her lectures are often asked, "You are talking about the brain as something separate you from themselves do not identify with the brain?" He replies with "No". There are studies that have shown that there are clearly two different things: one, when the decision is made by the brain, and second, when we have something to do with it. The brain itself is all about and the way of creating the illusion that we have something to monitor.

- At the moment, the science is already quite a lot is known about the neurons and their properties. More and more are beginning to understand the neural network.

- In the brain, there is storage for 2, 5 petabytes. It is approximately 3 million hours of TV series.

- Small children do not know how to lie because they think that everyone else knows exactly the same, they know they are lying, and useless. When a child begins to lie - a kind levelap.

- It is useful to teach the brain to look at the world through the eyes of others. The ability to build a model of the "other" provides behavioral advantage.

- There were the English wording 'mirror systems' and 'theory of mind', but also, alas, briefly, were not disclosed.

- The crow, or rather, even in the crow family as a whole, the brain is quite similar to the brains of primates in terms of development. Ravens learn reflected.

- Monkeys have time to notice the order of the numbers quickly and in the correct order to press the squares, under which the numbers are hiding. Here's the video:

- The brain of dolphins too powerfully developed. He joked that it is not clear who is better - or we have them. He says he often heard the answer, "But they have not built a civilization!". But what's the difference when they can sleep disabling only one hemisphere and continuing awake, have ironically, their own language and live a happy life, always hungry, are not very dangerous enemies, and the list goes on.

- And then there was the famous parrot, Alex. He knew about 150 words, answer questions, different colors and sizes of objects, words and letters:

- With the advent of external storage of information on the one hand it has become more difficult to learn to use them, on the other - just basic technical skills, just to have access to information on the Internet, for example.

- The current trend that kids go play iPads - dangerous. Pump the fine motor skills is very important, including for the child began to speak. Therefore, clay and all that is still relevant.

- In one of ancient China for leadership positions had only two exams: calligraphy and verse.

- A lot of interesting research is going on thanks to technology brain imaging (or neuroimaging). But the question arose, "How to interpret these images?" And more mathematicians and analysts connected to the problems of neuroscience.

- On the maps of the brain, in particular, can be seen quickly or slowly the child will learn.

- I still do not really understand how the brain stores languages, the words and their meanings. Thus there is a pathology that people do not remember nouns, verbs but remember. And vice versa.

- The brain of people who know more than one language, the brain has an advantage over those who know only one. Learning languages ​​is useful for the development of the brain, and this is also one way to "push Alzheimer's».

- A good brain is constantly learning. Teach yourself to constantly perform a hard (but doable) brain work. This will stay longer in the mind. In the truest sense.

- One of her acquaintances brain researchers said that when his mother began to complain in 89 years on memory, he advised her to study ancient Greek. She was engaged, and memory problems disappeared.

- She told her was struck by the story of how children in Japan learn to play the game of: adults just sit at the board and play in the first, while the children run around and sometimes, it happens, look at the board. After a while, when they grow up to to want to play - sit at the board and immediately played well.

- The brain is "ripe" for parts. The frontal lobes, for example, up to 21-23. This is particularly important in childhood, there spread to 2 years, and if the child is not yet ready to "sit up straight and look at the board," it is likely that he really was not ready. An important point: to accelerate the development of children can not be, it's disastrous.

- Just in case: lefties to righties retrain in any case impossible. You thus can not retrain hand and brain, and it follows all tics, stuttering, neuroses, and so on. D.

- The brain of men and women differ. Female effectively because of the greater amount of gray matter. I understand that this is due to the evolution of the - at that time, while the men ran for the mammoth, women had to scroll in the head more complex schemes, plus the experience of the children of the camp, and much more.

- Children should teach, considering the features of the brain. With the boys in short sentences involved in the process, give less written assignments, praise for them and to give more to move, so they dumped aggression. Plus, they say that the boys in a cool room to think quickly and start to fall asleep in the warmth. Girls are more like working in groups, it is important to look in the eye and talk about emotions, it is not necessary to raise the tone, it is helpful to attract help teachers. It is important to learn to deal with the dangers that it is preparing our world.

- From the foregoing, there is an open question: how to prepare teachers?

- Music lessons have a positive effect on the brain. Complicate it, improve the quality of neural networks, provide better flexibility and better keep it to old age.

- "Not everyone would live to Alzheimer»

- Forgetting, distraction breaks and sleep - not an obstacle to learning. Quite the contrary. All your learning style is more important than to find it.

- There are bad for the state of mental work. At this point, it is important to understand this and to switch to another job, and return to this later.

- Technical skills training, as it is in music and sports, not for mental work. There is a risk to drive themselves to regular experience and the moment comes when the brain will reject the new challenges.

- It is important to understand and honestly answer yourself the question, "Why am I learning?". Building up a real picture about this would have saved from unnecessary anguish.

- Share the project into small manageable parts really helpful. As climate change, the environment, pose in which you sit, and so on. N.

- It is useful to make regular 15-minute breaks to stabilize the learned.

- Movement can help memorization. "The body helps».

- Oral reproduction of the learned, too, is important.

- It is useful to train concentration, memory, speed of thinking, cognitive flexibility.

- With regard to memory training useful to refer to the experience of the ancient Greeks. For example, going to bed the whole day to remember in detail - from the moment of waking up to the moment when went to bed.

- Key questions about memory: how to remember? how to save? how to pull knowledge from memory?

- Aimless thoughts, all sorts of idle questions, or the so-called 'wandering mind' is also useful.

- Giant percentage of what we do, we do subconsciously.

- Question from the audience about the difference between the hemispheres, and whether to develop the less pumped over. Answer: According to the latest research the difference is not as tough as it seemed before, the brain is always still works as a whole, the walls separating the hemispheres, in there, so you can just focus on leveling the brain.

- Question from the audience: "What do you think about technique avtopismo when woke up in the morning and just write what comes to mind?". Answer: Yes, a good deal. And the example given was about the geniuses who jump in the middle of the night and something to write on a piece and do not remember it in the morning and was surprised to find a poem.

- Question from the audience about the Multilingual Children. Answer: the earlier a child is immersed in both languages ​​(or more) - the better. In fact, even when the child learns his native language, he recovers completely unfamiliar to him a set of entities from scratch, so the fact that added another set of words, nothing terrible will happen. According to one of her colleagues, it is important that the language environment is already up to 3 years was Multilingual, if needed.

- Question from the audience: "How to distinguish between challenges by unrealistic?". The answer is: they'll know when it will be difficult, and when feasible.

- Train your brain. Always. It is important to understand yourself, to find suitable methods and practice them regularly.

- Education significantly changes the brain. While you read this post - your brain has changed.

- At the end of the lecture I asked about the books about the brain that are worth reading. He advised his book "Cheshire cat smile Schrödinger».

- Even the name sounded book «The mind's best trick». It seems that it was a book of Daniel Wegner.

Max Tiles


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