We were fortunate to be born and to live in an incredible time of development of science and technology. We know the approximate speed of both, but do not have the slightest idea about what will this rate by the end of our lives. Things that have long been considered science fiction, from day to day become components of our lives. In the next ten years, the world can give us these gifts, you can not refuse.
Amazing in all these scientific discoveries is that they generate technologies that further accelerate technological progress. Our ability to innovate is growing exponentially, as the years go. To give you an idea about the significance of this progression, here are 10 innovations that have changed our lives in 2020.
Yes, as long as these technologies will not give you the opportunity to break stones with his hands but allow people without fingers to have fully functional hands that can pick up objects and work with fragile objects. They are completely controlled by the power of thought and do not require surgical intervention. Touch Bionics, a company that develops hand Pro Digits, can set the arm complete with a "living skin", a plastic coating, resembling living human skin, only 50 000 dollars. A small price for a new hand.
Although Dubai today is known for its excessive extravagance, in its different regions engineers build buildings that have very interesting and practical applications.
This beautiful building will be constructed from 59 independently rotating modules / floors, so residents will be able to see different pictures outside. Each floor will rotate at a speed of about 6 meters per minute, so that the people will not even notice it going. Independent rotation also gives the building a constantly changing appearance, which would represent a very complex design.
All this is very attractive aesthetics, but the real innovation hidden in wind turbines built between each floor. Clean energy from their work will be enough to power the tower and several buildings nearby.
3. Computer speed, size and usability
Most of our visitors are aware of Moore's Law (the number of transistors that we can inexpensively put in a computer chip doubles every year, and thus doubles the speed). But most do not know that Moore himself came out and said that his law is likely to successfully complete its work in 2020, when the number of transistors that we will be able to push in the chip will be limited by the laws of physics. Does this mean that the exponential increase in computer processing speed is halved in ten years?
No way, says Jim Tully, head of research in semiconductors Gartner.
"The technology that will replace it will take a bottom-up approach, when the chips are collected from individual atoms or molecules, a kind of nanotechnology».
Ray Kurzweil, a respected futurist, in 2008, said that when the year 2020 will be similar molecular computing, computers will have the intellectual capacity of people. Maybe you need to think a moment before moving on to the next item.
The size and usability
MacBook Air - very thin laptop. So thin that makes you wonder: what will be computers in 2020? According to the developers at Intel, needs a keyboard and mouse will not. Who needs them when you can control the computer power of the mind?
"We are trying to prove that you can prodelyvat interesting things with brain waves - says Intel Developer Dean died. - In the end, people will get used to brain implants. Imagine being able to browse the web force your thoughts ».
Died and countless research groups around the world are working on brain scanning devices to display his blood. They found that when different people focus on one image, their brains demonstrate similar patterns of blood flow. One British group even reported that I was able to distinguish the types of virtual space represented by people based on what kind of took the blood flow in their brains.
4. Machinery and fuel
There are many different types of fuel for the so-called Car of Tomorrow, but the only species that has a real chance to use within the next ten years - is electricity. We still can not figure out how to make hydrogen fuel cells with effective, safe and practical, and hybrid cars have become yesterday.
It - a sedan Tesla Model S, which, according to the promise Elon Musk, will be sold in a year or two at a price within $ 35 000. In addition, following the recent announcement that Tesla was ready to share its technology with everyone, there remains no doubt that electric cars are developed and will soon flood the market.
5. How do we interact with the world
The way we interact with the outside world, seriously changed since the advent of the Internet, smart phones and other blessings of civilization. In the near future there will be another huge leap forward: integration of information on the Internet with our surroundings. The so-called Internet of things.
We will be able to look at the structure, products or place and immediately get all the information about the subject. This will help us ordinary eyeglasses or smartphones from Google. Whatever we did not get, augmented reality is sure to become a constant companion in 2020.
Solar energy will soon leave fossil fuels behind. The cost of one watt of solar energy decreases rapidly, and the total amount of solar energy is growing exponentially. In fact, it doubles every two years for the past twenty years.
Help the development of these technologies like Sandia. Even in 2010, Sandia has introduced solar cells, which require 100 times less material in the design, rather than modern solar cells, although the work with the same efficiency. In addition, the system provides additional efficiency analytics for competent management of solar panels or wind turbines. These technologies included in the list of the ten most important technologies in 2014 according to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Although we still can not cure the common cold with a simple click of fingers, organs to order - the realities of tomorrow. Organovo company several years ago developed the first commercial 3D-bioprinter that builds bodies cell by cell. Each individual cell is grown from human cells, which are needed organs. Already, scientists have found a way to grow veins and arteries on such a printer, and the first printed heart and liver will be in ten years.
In more general terms, nanotechnology is revolutionizing the world of health. Amazing combination of understanding of DNA and the creation of extremely small pieces of cell draws a very bright future for medicine. Editing the genome and the potential treatment of diseases such as schizophrenia, autism and PTSD, at the genetic level is not far off.
8. Equal opportunities
Of course, no one says, as a John Doe comes out of the gloom and immediately gaining recognition and fame. The Internet has become an excellent platform for work, so now do not need millions to realize the idea - you can appeal to people on kraudfandingovom service and raise money even for the most insane idea.
10-year-olds earn thousands, making viral videos on YouTube. Anyone with a business idea can start with a website and quickly gain the required amount. Even Twitter can be a way to attract attention, if let flow in the right direction.
The Internet has become not just a convenient mechanism for doing business. He put one notch on the capabilities of all - and big business sharks, and just a dreamer.
The first decade of the 21st century was a time of great innovation in the field of robotics. It just paved the way for universal obsession with robots of different types. Although we are still far from creating a robot maids who will help us through the house, companies like Google make great strides to create all sorts of useful and innovative robots.
Robots are already able to portray their emotions, to respond to your, raise the car and balance on one leg. What will happen tomorrow - no one knows, but the prospects of this field is very, very large.
10. Nanotechnology in clothes
Nanofibers make clothes extremely comfortable and durable. In addition, the product will meet your personal preferences before you wear it.
Nanogenerators based nanofibers can produce electrical energy from your clothing movements, ultrasonic waves, and even blood flow. If we can combine these fibers in two- or three-layer clothing, you can create a flexible, foldable and wearable power source that will allow people to generate electricity during walking.
Hydrophobic (water-resistant) nanofibers will make completely waterproof clothing. She can lie in the water for two months and will remain dry to the touch. What else are you going next?