Ukrainian border town situated at the junction of three countries - Ukraine, Slovakia and Hungary. This is a customs post. It is the westernmost city in Ukraine. This is the place where the cars are changing wheels. This station, where there is a waiting room, but passengers have to wait for 6 hours while the cars will change the wheel. It's 800 years of history, traces of which the city could not be found. This elegant central square and a handful of ramshackle rickety lodges. It is 7 square kilometers of "city", which can be bypassed for a half hour. This is a unique and totally incomprehensible surzhik of the three languages. It bored border guards, customs officials are rubbing their hands and excited smugglers Guides ...
The author writes: Four times I was in Chop. Two of them were at night when I was sleeping, so they do not believe. Remains twice in 6 hours. Why 6 hours? Because that's where the wagon international importance Kyiv-Vienna waits for his fellow Slovak, to which he was chained so that he could get to the Austrian capital, simultaneously across the whole Slovakia from east to west. Upon arrival at the Chop car detached from the structure, drive for special ways and change wheelsets ...
So it has historically, that our Soviet railway tracks are not so little compared to our not - they are wider. There are many theories as to why so happened. For example, Western European (in principle, we can say and the world) standard was born a few years after the introduction of the world's first intercity rail link Liverpool - Manchester in 1830 in the track width of 1435 mm is often explained by historical furrows left by another chariot of the Roman Empire . Beautiful legend is hardly credible, since common standards for wagons and chariots of any old or in relatively close times are not observed.
George Stephenson - the engineer who built the road from Liverpool to Manchester, hardly amounted to some archaeological artifacts. Working earlier in the production routes for coal mines (coal delivery from the mine to the warehouses was carried out using horses, harnessed in trolley running on rails), he held the optimal alternative gauge that provides sufficient stability of existing trolleys and at the same time allow them to pass between columns (piles) of coal mines. Also, knowing that for rail transport has a great future, engineers sought to choose the optimal width that result in minimal costs for the conversion of existing roads and bridges in the w / d means of communication.
The success of the first long-distance railway Stevenson brought fame and new orders. And after some 15 years, the Royal Commission chose Stevenson track as a national standard by requiring all transport companies not build wider and longer.
The success of the first long-distance railway Stevenson brought fame and new orders. And after some 15 years, the Royal Commission chose Stevenson track as a national standard by requiring all transport companies not build wider and longer. & Quot; / & gt;
As for Mother Russia, at the same time here as building roads with a width of Stevenson and broadband. The first railway public - Tsarskoye Selo - gauge had almost two meters (1829 mm). Wider track - wider than cars. Shire cars - more people and cargo. But already during the construction of roads Nikolaev 15 years later it was decided to reduce the distance between the rails to 1524 mm, which was still wider British track. It is this breadth and became a national standard *. * Vickie tells: From May 1970 to the beginning of the 1990s, railroads were transferred to the USSR track of 1520 mm. This was done to increase the stability of the operation path of freight trains to increase their speed without upgrading of the rolling stock. The difference of 4 mm did not require retrofitting of rolling stock, but the transition has caused serious problems to dramatically increase the wear of wheel sets of rolling stock.