In this article, we will discuss with You such a wonderful and life-saving substance, such as vitamin B11 and its function in the living organism, sources and recommended daily dose for humans. In addition, learn how to take carnitine and how does it help.
Vitamin B11 (Carnitine, levocarnitine, lat. Levocarnitinum) is a vitamin-like substance related to the b vitamins.
Other names of vitamin B11: vitamin BT, carnitine, L-carnitine, L-carnitine, l-carnitine, a vitamin-gamma.
Carnitine, as a coenzyme And plays an important role in the metabolism of fat — it plays an important role in the oxidation and transport of fatty acids to the body cells to provide energy to the cells.
Nowadays carnitine is quite popular among fitness trainers, as well as people who struggle with obesity, because this substance fights against excess fat in the human muscular system. In addition, carnitine is a wonderful prophylactic against the development of cardiovascular diseases.
For the first time about the carnitine found by the Soviet scientist V. S. Goulevitch and R. P. Grimberg, in 1905. The first samples of the substance were removed from the muscle tissue, thus it was called vitamin BT. Decades later, already in 1960, he was able to synthesize.Chemical properties of carnitine:
white powder crystalline structure, readily soluble in water and hot alcohol, but almost insoluble in benzene, ether and acetone. The melting point 195-197°C.
Carnitine exists in 2 forms – L (L-carnitine) and D (D-carnitine). An important role in the body is played by the L shape.
Systematic name: (3R) -3-hydroxy-4-trimethylammonio-butanoate.
Chemical formula: C7H15NO3
CAS no.: 541-15-1.
As we already said, L-carnitine plays an important role in metabolism and helps to cope with excess weight. Let us consider what else carries the functions of vitamin B11:
— supports the normal functioning of the cardiovascular system;
— controls the level of cholesterol in the blood, strengthens the heart muscle (myocardium);
— prevents diseases such as atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, hypertension, malignant tumors (cancer);
— strengthens the nervous system;
— promotes growth of muscle tissue;
— adds strength to the body, especially at high physical loads, so l-carnitine is often used in chronic fatigue syndrome;
— improves mental activity;
it helps the body rid itself of toxins, taking them through the kidneys;
— promotes tissue regeneration.Carnitine is used for:
About the lack of vitamin B11 in the body may indicate the following symptoms:
- The treatment of arrhythmia, diabetes mellitus, alcoholism, Alzheimer's disease, hyperactivity disorder, cardiomyopathy, heart failure, gastritis and other gastrointestinal diseases, obesity;
- depression, PMS;
- heavy mental and physical exertion, exercise;
- pregnancy and breast-feeding;
- depression, stress; prescribe premature babies.
- Lethargy, frequent loss of strength;
- Frequent problems with the kidneys, liver, cardiovascular system, such as permanent high blood pressure;
- Excessive irritability;
- The excess body weight.
The recommended daily requirement for vitamin B11 healthy person is 300-1200 mg.At high physical and mental stress, pregnancy and lactation, various diseases of the dose may be increased up to 1200-6000 mg/day.
Vitamin B11, when properly balanced diet enters the body in sufficient quantity.
Contraindications to reception of carnitine was not detected.
In unsupervised techniques, L-carnitine can manifest the following symptoms:
- Pain in the abdomen;
- Nausea, vomiting;
- Allergic reactions;
- Muscle weakness.
- sesame seeds
- dairy products,
Chemical: "L-carnitine", "Carnitene", vitamin complexes.The synthesis in the body
is produced in the body by the kidneys and liver, but under normal balanced diet with foods rich in vitamins – B3, B6, B9, B12, C, methionine, lysine, iron and certain enzymes.
Vitamin B11 is destroyed by heat treatment of products containing it, when the temperature is above 195°C.
Lipoic acid enhances the physiological effect of carnitine in the body.
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