The history of Motorola gadgets

Motorola is working almost ninety years. During this time she has developed an array of innovative technologies, including the first commercial cable network, produced TVs and computers, radios and cordless phones, smart phones and smart watches. Processors from the company was used in the Apple Macintosh, and Palm PDAs, and transponders flew into space on the Soyuz — Apollo.






In 1928, brothers Paul and Joseph Galvani bought the equipment for manufacture of adapters to connect the receiver batteries to the mains. Equipment auction with a cost of $ 750. At first the company employed only five people, and the initial capital amounted to 565 dollars. Translated into dollars 2016 is 8 $ 100.

The production of such adapter was a lost cause and has brought the company the money for only two years. New radios were able to work from the network right out of the box, without the "improvements" and additional devices. But Paul Galvin learned that the craftsmen started to install the radio in the car, and challenged their engineers.

Radiol Galvin demonstrated a working model of the radio for cars in 1930, at the Convention of the Association of radio manufacturers. With the Convention in Atlanti city Galvin returned with orders that saved a young company from bankruptcy.

The radio called Motorola, where "motor" is "motorcar", and "ola" are taken from the names of Victrola, radiogram and so on and refers to the sound. Something like "sound in motion". The first Motorola installed in the car brand Studebaker. In 1947, the company changed its name from Galvin Manufacturing Corporation to Motorola, four years after the placed shares on the stock exchange.

From November 1930 car radio the company began selling the police station. Many of the products of the company are connected with the radio — this adapter is for a radio with batteries in the network, radios for cars, handheld radios, equipment for cellular, mobile.







In 1955, several years after the opening of the research division of Motorola in Arizona, the company introduced first into the mass market of germanium transistors. The following year, the company has released a radio for the cars on these transistors smaller, more energy efficient, more durable than predydushie model.

Working in this direction, in 1960, Motorola introduced the silicon transistor Mesa is one of the smallest at that time the available transistors. And then started the production of portable radio with transistors.









The radio and radiotelevisione economists in 1962 estimated that Motorola are among the U.S. companies who have made the greatest contribution to the victory over Germany in world war II, ranks 94.

One important contribution was the walkie-talkie, Handie-Talkie SCR536 of issue, 1940. This device weighed 5.5 pounds, worked 15 hours on a single charge of two batteries and catch the signal in a radius of up to 1.6 km.



Radio SCR300 was advanced version of the Handie-Talkie SCR536. One person wore the backpack with the antenna, and the second could talk on a regular phone. With wire, of course. Here we can recall the movie "Saving private Ryan" where that radio was on the back of one of the characters.

The range of radio — up to 32 kilometers.





In 1946, Motorola started to equip cars with wireless phones. The first is an achievement of civilization tested residents of Chicago. It was one of the most important steps on the path of humanity toward ubiquitous mobile communications, but at this stage it was only an experiment. Due to the small number of telephone numbers and communication system quickly reached its limit.



In 1965, Motorola for Ford Motor Company developed and produced the cassette players for the automotive market.



The first words from the moon to Earth in 1969 was heard through the transmitter Motorola development. In 1975, the transponders of production of Motorola flew in space mission Soyuz — Apollo.



Televisions and televideniem 1957 Motorola developed and launched the world's first experimental pay-TV system. Service Telemovies allowed to watch programs on cable. Worked service in one of the cities of Oklahoma, USA. And the first subscriber received a Motorola TV.

But started working with TV and TV company yet. In 1947, she released the first TV line of Golden View. Tabletop models VT71 company in one year sold 100,000 copies.

Jerrold Electronics, which in the future will become a division of Motorola, has created the first television system using coaxial cable in the Eastern United States.

As a result, by 1954, 70% of Motorola's sales amounted to TV and radio for home and car.









It's a portable suitcase-TV Astronaut TV. Stylish, trendy, youth and 19-inch.





Motorola made one of the first remote control for the TV — Transituner. Children stopped running and change channels at the direction of grandparents.



What can you say about a TV that can be easily serviced thanks to hidden in a drawer electronics? It is a series of TV Quasar TV. In the TV ads starred American actress Raquel Welch.



In 1994 came the interactive system Motorola CableComm, which allowed cable subscribers to make calls and to go into high speed Internet through cable television systems.



Pageref 1956, Motorola introduced the device Handie-Talkie — a pager for the staff of the clinics. In one system could work several hundred people. Instead of declaring for the whole hospital the names of the doctor, now the operator reported the necessary information to his ear.





Line of pagers Bravo appeared in 1986.



In this advertisement, which was allegedly in the 1990s, the man throws the left friend on the pager said, "SHE IS HE". Joke so well.



The pager is Motorola from 1995. As is already clear, Motorola has taken a key role in the history and development of this means of communication. By the way, pagers are still alive — they are doctors, firemen and the military. Remember the "Dr. house" and "Clinic".



In 1995 came the first pager two-way communication. With the help of a device called Tango users could receive the message and send a standard answer.



Telefoniv 1973, Motorola presented a prototype DynaTAC — cellular system. A key element of the system is a wireless phone.



To the driver's hands were not occupied during the drive, Motorola made the system hands-free in 1983. Now there was no need to hold the handset to his ear.



In 1983, the DynaTAC phone, received approval of the communications Commission of the United States. And in 1984 appeared the first buyers of this 800-gram tube.

October 13, 1983 for the first time was made a sales call on cell phone — Motorola DynaTAC. The first call on the cell phone is generally held for ten years before that, when an employee of Motorola Martin Cooper called AT&T to please its competitors by its success. Phone DynaTAC was produced from 1984 to 1994.



For followed DynaTAC MicroTAC in 1989, at that time the smallest and most "smart" gadget of this type on the market. Here is 1992, which shows how the usual tube effect on a person's face.



In 1991, Motorola in Hanover, Germany, presented the first working prototype cellular system and cellular phones of GSM — Global System for Mobile Communications. In service of this standard in 1991 introduced call forwarding, call barring, waiting, hold call, and global roaming.



In this image on the left, Siemens on the right is Motorola.



In 1996 Motorola released the StarTAC phone — the name and design is inspired by the cult TV series star trek. The world's first clamshell. And this phone weighed only 88 grams.



By 2000, the era of GPRS — General Packet Radio Service. And it started with the UK, where she was introduced thanks to collaboration of Motorola and Cisco Systems. Motorola continued to develop and produce a variety of devices, some of which we can remember from my childhood.



One of the best-selling clamshell phone in the world was the Motorola RAZR V3 sold 130 million units. From competitors this device in 2004, distinguished design, very thin body, made of metal plates backlit keyboard. Weighed the gadget is 95 grams, had a 2.2-inch screen with a resolution of 176x220 pixels, more than 262 thousands of colors and the external display is smaller 96х80 pixels. The camera of the device could be removed with a resolution of 640x480 pixels. This landmark for the company phone



Kompiuteriu 1984 Motorola introduced the MC68020 — 32-bit microprocessor with 200,000 transistors on a chip area of 3/8 inch.

The processor used in Apple computers Macintosh II, Macintosh LC, Sun workstations 3, Commodore Amiga 1200, HP computers. Also with the help of this processor improve your computer Sinclair QL.





In 2000, the company managed to experiment with transformers in the form of laptops that runs on smartphones. Motorola Atrix 4G, presented at CES 2011, has become one of the most interesting gadgets of the show. And not because it was a smartphone, and docking station in laptop.





Under the brand name Motorola came out laptops. For example, Motorola ML 800 Series of American civil services. The laptop weighed 2.5 kg, was working on a single charge up to 3.5 hours, had a 10.4-inch screen resolution of 1024 x 768 pixels. The display was touch-sensitive. Operating system — Windows 2000 or XP. Processors — Intel Mobile Pentium III 700 MHz or Celeron 500MHz.



PDA and smartphonesfree Motorola in the smartphone market you can start with a development company jointly with Freescale Semiconductor microcontroller — multi-functional chip with low power consumption specially for handheld computers. The processor was made in 1995, and began to use in early versions of Palm Computing.





In 2000, China came out 2000 Motorola Accompli A6188. This phone with a monochrome touch screen supported the recognition of Chinese handwritten text. Gadget had organizer, English-Chinese dictionary and with access to the Internet.



In 2006 appeared on the market, the Moto Q smartphone with qwerty-keyboard. The device runs on Windows Mobile 5.0, had a colour display of 320x240 pixels and a 1.3-megapixel camera.





Released in Asia in 2006 MING Smart Phone smartphone podderjival handwriting to 10000 Chinese characters.



In 2000-e years, Motorola has started to suffer losses, and therefore decided to get rid of inefficient units. The company was divided into Motorola Solutions, which took a large part of the intellectual property and assets, and Motorola Mobility. Google bought the mobile division for 12.5 billion dollars. The plans Google had to start to lay off 4,000 people, to go with the Chinese and Indian market, to close several R&D departments and a third of Motorola's offices worldwide. Google was planning to abandon the budget segment of smartphones and produce only mid-end/hi-end gadgets, to reduce the range of devices to optimize the cost of components and use of the development of Motorola in the field of telecommunications and use of battery packs.

In early 2014, Google announced the sale of Motorola Mobility to Lenovo for 2.91 billion dollars, along with 2,000 patents. While Google has left 15 thousand patents of Motorola. Some analysts believe that patents were the target of Google.

Lenovo has reduced the name to Moto and started to produce a new line of smartphones. Top in Russia, the smartphone — Moto X Force with shatterproof pOLED-screen with a resolution of 1440х2560 built on the Qualcomm Snapdragon 810 2GHz, with 3 GB of RAM and 32 GB of constant memory and a battery 3760 mAh.



Moto continues to release a smart watch Moto 360. At the moment it is one of the best Android Wear smart watch on the market. They are produced in two calibers display 42 and 46 mm, and 42 mm version has two wide straps, women's and men's hand. The screen is protected by Gorilla glass 3.

New Moto 360. The straps are easy to change. 42 or 46 mm display. #LenovoLaunch #LenovoIN @GeekTimes_ru pic.twitter.com/ee0ql8xhHJ— Ivan Sychev (@ivan_sychev) September 2, 2015



Advertising mechanical clock hands show the time 10:10 not to cover the logo and other elements of hours. In the advertisement of the Motorola phones also have a tradition of showing 11:35. In this moment took place the first call on a cellular phone DynaTAC. But on latest devices like Moto Z Force already transferred — 12:36.



Lenovo in 2015 lost market share in smartphones in China, having sold 3.4 million devices, compared to 10.2 million in 2014. But the Chinese company at the end of 2015 is among the five largest producers, given the sold phones Moto. The company seeks to regain its former glory-known brand, while associating it with Lenovo.

Source: geektimes.ru/post/273476/

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