Many families prefer to live in a private house, as it is, compared to a city apartment, you can create a more comfortable living environment. The more it relates to the heating of a private country house.
Individual heating is more economical than centralized. You feel truly the master of the house, can set a desired temperature level, to define the beginning and end of the heating season. Of course, we can talk about this in the case where the selected effective and functional solution. If you only choose, what should be the heating of private homes, then this article will familiarize You with various types of heating a country house without gas.
Gas is the most appropriate and popular fuel for rural homes. According to the statistics of all the operated boilers in Russia about 50% gas, 30% diesel fuel, about 10% of electricity and approximately 5%- solid fuel.
As we can see, gas boilers are far ahead of the competition. But, I must say, this option is not always and not everywhere possible. For many country houses the gas is still a distant dream unreal. In such cases, people are forced to consider alternative ways of heating your home. How to arrange heating of a country house without gas and what kind of fuel to give preference to? Let's try to understand.Classic kiln heated
In certain cases, the oven is the only possible way to organise heat in the house
The oldest is considered to be furnace heated. Furnace heating is still often used in rural buildings. Do not think that this method is deprecated. The lack of gas in some regions leaves this type of heating is still very popular and in demand. Remain in fashion and combination oven that allows to heat the room, and prepare meals. The advantages of this option, you can celebrate the savings on installation and operation, and fuel versatility. With all this oven needs to heat several times a day, they require constant maintenance. In addition, the high risk of fire, furnace quite bulky and occupy a lot of space. The room which houses the oven, always gets dirty from soot and coal, and will require constant cleaning and regular care. A large risk of getting carbon monoxide poisoning due to improper operation of the furnace.Oil system
To extend the lifetime of oil-fired boiler, pipeline is recommended to install the filter. Otherwise, the nozzle will become clogged quickly, which can reduce boiler efficiency.
The most important type of heating a country house without gas — oil system. Liquid fuel systems work mainly on diesel. You can also use kerosene and rapeseed oil. The main advantage is the high efficiency that gives the ability to heat very large spaces. Nevertheless, such systems have many disadvantages: fire hazard, difficulties with storage of fuel and high price.
On top of that, diesel fuel has a persistent unpleasant odor, evaporation harmful. And, if the gas boiler can be placed in the kitchen, hallway or combine the flue with the Laundry, then oil will have to provide an isolated room. It is possible to store only a small amount of fuel, the bulk capacitance should be placed outside the home.Heating country house electricityelectric boiler
Modern electric boiler for heating a country house. A boiler has a set operating parameters, is very important of which is its power. The required power is determined individually, first of all, it depends on the heated area, the material of the walls, quality of home insulation
The next type of heating a country house without gas heating with electricity–the most simple, safe and clean ways of heating. When using the electric heater, its efficiency approaches 100 %.
Water electric boiler is simple in design, relatively inexpensive, no need for a chimney, ventilation, a separate room. Warm electric floor
IMPORTANT! If electric warm floors are a major heat source in the room, the capacity of such floors is 150-180 watts per square meter. With this kind of heating system heated floor area shall be not less than 70% of the total area of the room.
Electric warm floors in the observance of insulation of floor decks even more favorable electro-water option:
— no intermediate heat loss;
— heat construction design;
— no bulky boilers;
— minimum space occupied by the communications;
— optimal heat distribution;
-the system is practically maintenance-free;
— the cost is often lower than that of water systems.
Electric heating cable or film is both a heat source and a heating appliance.
Heaters cost even less, but dry air picks up fine dust, overheating it. Heaters — practical and affordable option for houses with intermittent heating, but in a residential building of permanent residence to apply them as the main system is not necessary. However, in devices of the new generation of ceramic heaters convectors inherent disadvantages are almost eliminated.
The heating by electricity has many advantages and only one drawback, but decisive: the high cost of electricity.
The essence of the principle of operation of a heat pump is not in production, and heat transfer. This allows to obtain a high ratio (3 to 5) conversion of heat energy used every 1 kW of electricity "takes" in house 3-5 kW of heat
To make electricity is less costly, allows a heat pump. The pattern of his work can be compared with the refrigerating compartment. The heat will namaslit cycle refrigeration machine, the difference is only in used freon and the control system. The heat pump allows the use of free natural heat from the depths of the earth array, where the ground temperature is constant throughout the year.One of the advantages is to ensure that the pipeline will not freeze even at the lowest temperatures. Construction includes an electric compensator that produce maximum energy at minimum cost of electricity, spending one kilowatt to drive the pump, you can get up to six.
Disadvantages: the Cost is quite high, a Variant from a financial point of view questionable. Too high the payback period of the equipment.Solid fuel
Boilers operating on solid fuel – a great opportunity to quickly, efficiently and inexpensively heat a country house
Solid fuels: wood, waste wood, coal, lignite, coke, peat, pellets play a significant role in the organization of heating a country house without gas. The technology of receiving the heat from the burning solid fuel have stepped far forward in comparison with traditional oven and fireplace. Appeared a long burning boilers and pyrolysis, having a relatively high efficiency (80%) and do not require so frequent download. Solid fuel — the cheapest form of heating if the house is situated in area rich in these resources. But solid kotlovinata significant drawbacks:
The inability to complete automation process, the need to periodically (from 2 to 40 hours depending on equipment type) fuel loading manually. Partially eliminates the problem of the use of wood pellets as they are loaded into the hopper of substantial capacity and further fed into the furnace automatically. However, the use of pellets is only appropriate if the plant production is nearby. Pellets have a low specific weight and shipping them over long distances unprofitable. There are some nuances: the quality of Russian pellets may be low, and prices are inflated.
Pellet boiler. The minimum set of equipment of the automated boiler-house country-house running on wood fuel granules includes a boiler equipped with a burner for burning pellets and the hopper
In a separate group of equipment it is possible to allocate so-called "universal", multi-fuel boilers. The idea is to use a single heating unit for all possible types of fuel is not new, but, alas, worthy of realization she's not found. The fact that for the best combustion and most complete selection of warmth to the versatile design fuel cells has been invented, the combustion processes are too different.
The only exception is gas and liquid fuel, and even then not on all hundred. Therefore, multi-fuel boilers are essentially solid fuel, where the built and additional gas at the burner. The efficiency of these boilers operating on "reserve" fuel leaves much to be desired.Liquefied gas
Liquefied gas is transported and stored in cylinders or in tanks specially designed for this purpose containers
In order to heat a country house you can purchase LPG cylinders. Its basis is the propane / butane composition. Country house heating with liquefied gas is considerably more expensive than natural, but often cheaper than diesel fuel and electricity. The cost is reduced, if the storage large capacity with the appropriate equipment is installed for multiple homes.
Fundamental differences in the design of heat-generating equipment for natural and liquefied gas no: these are conventional boilers, the difference is only in the adjustment: the pressure in the pipeline below. In some cases you will need to replace the nozzles in the burners, it is inexpensive and the equipment can be quickly returned to its original state.
The gas tank is a receptacle serving for the storage of liquefied gas in large quantities. Similar tanks are installed on the surface of the earth, and under the earth. Often for country houses underground choose the option to install a gas tank in order to save space and money. Its depth must not be below the freezing level of the soil
In Western Europe gasholder systems are widely used, we have service delivery of liquefied natural gas are underdeveloped and not available everywhere.
For small homes you can use the standard group of cylinders with liquefied gas. However, their capacity is too small to for a long period of time to ensure operation of the boiler, frequent replacement with the transportation costs may make the operation of the system on the cylinders is more expensive than heating with diesel fuel. For a small garden we can recommend the use of bottled gas heaters. But only at strict observance of measures of fire safety!Renewable. Solar collectors
Solar collectors are by far the most efficient devices using the power of the sun
A promising alternative to heating a country house without gas - solar collectors. These devices are designed to convert the sun's energy into heat. Online you can find vacuum and flat models. Collectors mounted on the roof of the building. Among their advantages include safety to human health and the environment, the ease of operation. Among the cons: low usability, because at the equipment affected by variable weather conditions, expensive installation, the need for constant maintenance.House warming
Heat leakage through various walling of the house
Instead of having to heat the building, it can be good to insulate. This is a very economical option, the most popular in Europe. Of course, the harsh winters in Russia complicate the task, but don't make such an option impossible. Basic conditions for increased insulation of buildings: thick walls, glass with low emission, the use of heat pumps.
will Sum up the results. To arrange for heating of a country house without gas is not just possible, but there are an unlimited variety of options for this. Each of the alternative approaches have their pros and cons. The choice of a particular variant depends on the needs and capabilities of the person. published