Pursuing the construction of a country house have to consider a lot of different issues. The main one – device heating system. It is necessary to thoroughly think through. Temperature changes of the environment can be quite serious, and the winter is very long. Any mistake can cost dearly later.
Choosing the option of heating of a wooden house can be confusing, as there are many of them. And which of them to choose, depends not only on personal desires, but also on the degree of development of services and infrastructure, and also the location of the house. Each heating system in wooden house independent. This is an original and highly individual project. And, of course, is he taking into account the wishes and characteristics in each case.Execution of works
As a rule, the system responsible for heating in a wooden house, as follows:
- Calculation of the system – is determined by the capacity of the equipment, type of heating, the number of required radiators and pipes. As determined by their location, especially if you do a floor heating in a wooden house, and place for the installation of boiler and radiators.
- Prepared a project fully meets the requirements of norms and rules of installation.
- In accordance with the project equipment installed.
- The system is filled with coolant and checked its performance in different modes.
At the heart of each Autonomous heating system is the boiler. It heats the coolant to the required temperature. Used boiler the energy source of the types of heating vary:
Consider in detail each of the types of systems, which is ensured by heating in a wooden house.Gas heating
Gas heating in a wooden house is the most common today.
The advantages of gas heating:
- the minimum value of the main gas;
- high efficiency gas boilers;
- the simplicity and comfort of use of the equipment.
If you use the heating of a wooden house gas, easily maintained desired atmosphere in the room, sometimes for several days without human intervention. If just to mount a dual-circuit heating system in parallel, it solves the issue with hot water. Gas boilers are available for every taste and in a wide price range. They are compact and automated. Furthermore, even the most powerful of them designed to heat a large room in a wall-mounted version takes up minimal space.Solid fuel heating
since Ancient times, homes were heated by stoves or fireplaces. Solid fuel boilers – a modern version of the ancient hearth. In our time, such boilers can run on wood pellets, briquettes, firewood or coal, depending on the desires of the owner. The most commonly used pyrolysis or gasification boilers are characterized by high duration of combustion.
Thus, in these boilers burn not only fuel, but gases formed by burning it. Secondary camera, which is equipped with boilers, takes care of the burning gases, thereby increasing the efficiency of the device. In this embodiment, the fuel is enough to put only once per day.Disadvantages of solid-fuel heating system
- Manual loading of fuel.
- The need for regular cleaning of the boiler from the accumulated ash.
The only possibility to automate the loading of fuel is to use pellets. In addition, for solid fuel boilers have to be equipped with special storage space for fuel. And in order to be enough for the winter, the place of storage should be large enough.Oil heating systems
are Often liquid-fuel systems operate on diesel, that is diesel fuel. It gives more heat when compared to gas, and the boiler is more resistant to ignition and explosion. In the case of using this heating system will have to allocate a special room because it is undesirable to allow the smoke from diesel fuel in residential areas. In addition, you will need to make ventilation of the boiler room.
The advantage of the system with diesel fuel is that which is used in its boilers are fully automated and the owners do not have to intervene in the system to maintain the required indoor temperature. You only need to periodically monitor the readings and to provide a regular supply of fuel, thus maintaining the heating in a wooden house.Electric heating
is Considered that electric heating of private homes – the most environmentally friendly way. But electric heating is a very expensive option. The use of such a system will subsequently be costly regardless of whether you install a floor heating system or electric boiler or limited to convectors.
When using electricity, you will need to carefully insulate the house, otherwise it will be heated street. But the electric heating of private homes it is possible to make fully automated, and its operation will bring a lot of fun, except for ease of use.
Today's most popular infrared heaters. They consumed less power and operation they are extremely simple. They heat not the air like traditional heating system, and all fall within the radius of the radiation solid objects.The radiators
doing the design and installation of the heating system, you will have to choose not only the boilers, and radiators, which will have, in addition to direct heating, and to fit into the interior.
The range of the radiators is very wide, and it is difficult to select necessary in a particular case. The first thing you should pay attention to when purchasing technical specifications, and not only its external data.Advantages and disadvantages of radiatorscast Iron radiators
In our time has successfully continued to use the old type of radiators – cast iron. The main advantage of cast iron radiators is the durability and undemanding to the quality of the coolant. If it is planned for the summer to drain the coolant from the system, it is necessary to install cast iron radiators. Steel, for example, constantly needs to be filled with water.
The cast iron perfectly accumulates heat and has a large inertia. Even after a complete stop of the flow of heat carrier in the system of heated iron batteries are still long and warm, and accordingly, will continue heating the room.
However, these classic batteries has its drawbacks. Main – the high cost of heating because cast iron has low conductivity. In addition, cast iron radiators weigh quite a lot. If you mount the battery smaller, it will decrease its effectiveness.Steel radiators
Steel radiators began to produce as an alternative to iron and aluminum. Steel is much stronger than aluminum, has a higher emissivity, however, is afraid of oxygen and quickly responds to his presence by corrosion. In unstable operation of the heating system unwanted installation of steel radiators as they hate draining the coolant and is very sensitive to systematic water hammer.
But appearance steel radiators can safely boast makes them easy to fit in a modern interior as well, and aluminum.Aluminum radiators
Aluminum radiators recently appeared on the market and become popular due to its appearance. However, in addition to beautiful appearance, they have a lot of limitations, mainly related to their characteristics. Do not install them without hesitation.
Aluminum radiators have a high power and rapidly heat the room, wasting much less coolant than cast iron. As steel, aluminum radiators fit perfectly into any interior.
Due to its chemical properties aluminium is afraid alkaline environment. Therefore, installing aluminum radiators in your house, be prepared for the fact that you have to constantly monitor the quality and PH of the coolant. The PH should be from 7 to 8, and even drinking water does not always have such indicators.
With the installation of aluminum radiators, there are other nuances, so their installation is best left to professionals.Bimetal radiators
the Latest word in technology radiator – bimetal radiators. During their production, use and steel, and aluminum. It so happened battery that combines the advantages of steel and aluminum radiators, and the disadvantages are more weight were able to compensate. Covers bimetallic battery is made from aluminium and the core is of steel. This battery is not as sensitive to water hammer and less critical of the PH of the coolant. A special polymer coating protects the radiator from corrosion. Price bimetallic radiator higher than cast iron, but in General their use is most promising.Layout of heating a wooden house
After you make your choice of boiler, radiators, chose the heating pipes in a wooden house, you will need to think about how the scheme will be heated house. Here, too, there are several options.
According to the method of providing premises with a coolant, to distinguish between heating schemes for:
Circuit with natural circulation
- scheme with the natural movement of the coolant (gravity);
- scheme with forced movement of the coolant (circulating pumps).
Under this arrangement, the coolant, heated in the boiler, moves up the pipe, and then naturally falls into the radiators. There it cools, giving them warmth. On the second pipe ("return") the cooled coolant is returned back to the boiler.
This scheme is suitable mainly for small spaces and can be implemented in small private houses. The requirement for the installation of one – observance of a small slope when laying pipes to ensure the free running of the liquid. In a large house with multiple rooms, often to implement such a system difficult.Circuit with forced circulation of coolant
, Such a scheme is similar to the previous one, but the water moving with a pump that provides the necessary speed and uniformity of coolant around the contour (or contours). The main drawback of such a system – the energy dependence of the system. Require a constant supply of electricity to operate pumps.Of difference schemes by the method of connection of radiators
connecting radiators coolant from the boiler comes first in the first radiator, then to the next and so on. At the end of the cooled water is sent again to the boiler.
This scheme is pretty simple, uses a minimal amount of material, but its efficiency is rather a moot point. The last radiator will have cooled the water, so it is used only in small houses.
"Leningradka" — a modification of the single pipe system discussed above. But it has one feature. Each radiator is equipped with a "bypass" pipe that has a smaller diameter and the control valve. With it to adjust the heating of each individual radiator. This system is much more balanced than a simple single tube.Two-pipe system
In the case of the device a two-pipe system each radiator is fed by a branch from the main pipeline of the 2 pipes. First comes the hot heat carrier from the boiler and sent back to the boiler cooled down. It is very easy to regulate the heat in each radiator without interfering with the others. But in this case you will need much more effort during installation, as well as more pipes than in the "Leningrad".
Variants of heating a wooden house lots, and the choice of the method depends on different factors. But in any case far safer to trust the heating in a wooden house and installation of all system professionals. published