About how to properly care for a plum tree in the garden, as well as the fight against the main pests of this plant, I will tell you today in this article.
Plum is one of the early blooming fruit trees. Plum landing is possible, and in spring and autumn, but spring is preferable.
First of all, you should decide on the selection of good cultivars, which are suitable for growing in your climate zone. the place of landing. Plum loves a loose and fertile soil and does not tolerate waterlogging, so plant it away from groundwater. The shadow is also undesirable, since it decreases the quality of the fruit.
If planting multiple trees, it is desirable that the distance between seedlings was 4-5 meters. Dig a hole with a diameter of approximately 80 centimetres and a depth of at least 60cm. In the pit, you can add mixed with soil humus, turf, or ashes. Place the seedling in the hole and gently straighten the roots (the roots needs to watch the bottom). Fill the pit, while keeping an eye that the soil remained at the level of the earth's horizon. Lightly tamp the soil around the seedling, or around the roots can stay empty spaces, which in turn will lead to their drying. You only have to tie up a young tree and water it. Read more about plum landing, read the article "How to plant a plum".
Care of plum In the first year of his life drain does not require special care. But then, for proper growth and fruiting it is necessary to produce seasonal fertilizing: fall – potassium and phosphorus, in the spring, nitrogen fertilizer and magnesium.
For a young tree, proper watering is very important. Experienced gardeners say that the sink is enough 4-6 irrigations per season for 5 buckets each. However, be careful: excessive watering just before harvest can cause the fruits will begin to crack and fall off. Do not be lazy to remove root growth – it greatly reduces the yield. Will have to do it 3-4 times over the summer.
Pests of plum a Lot of grief can deliver garden pests. For example the black plum Sawfly. It lives in the tree crown. During the flowering plum lay eggs in the calyx, and their larvae are then introduced into the ovary, damaging it. It winters in the soil, so the most effective method of dealing with it – digging the soil around the tree.
Another enemy of your garden – the plum moth. Lays eggs on the fruit, and then the larva gnaws the fruit and feed on his flesh. A method of controlling – the spraying of special preparations ("Konfidor", "Akhtar") after 5-6 days after flowering, or decoction of wormwood (150 g/1 l of water).
With the appearance of aphids methods of struggle are the same as with the moth. The appearance of brown spots on fruits and leaves evidence of the shot-hole disease (so-called perforated spotting). The affected leaves should be immediately collected and to destroy, and continue to spray the tree in fall or spring a 3% solution of boric acid. Now you know how to properly care for a plum tree in the garden. See you later, friends!