Pear tree up to 30 m, rarely shrubs in the family Rosaceae. Trunk diameter up to 80 cm, covered with a wrinkled bark. Wood is strong, hard, heavy. The leaves are petiolate, round, or oval with pointed tip, entire, finely toothed, bright green, shiny on top, bottom Matt. Young leaves of pear covered with a felt coating. The flowers of pears are large, white or pale pink, regular, solitary or in small corymbs. Appear before the leaves. The fruits are variable in shape and size, pear-shaped or rounded. Pear blossoms in may, fruits ripen in August-September.
For practical purposes, the ordinary use of pear growers as a rootstock in the cultivation of different varieties of pears. Wood pear lends itself well to processing and polishing. In the coating of black lacquer is similar to ebony. From it produced furniture, engraving Board, a variety of crafts.
Where is a pear tree.Pear is cultivated in middle and southern zones of the European part of Russia, in the Crimea, the Caucasus, Central Asia. In the wild it grows in deciduous forests. Wild pear is the ancestor of numerous cultivars.
Harvesting pears.Harvested pears are ripe when they are well removed from the tree, begin to fall. Dried in kilns, furnaces at a temperature of 85 °C and in the sun. Stored in boxes in a well ventilated area. The shelf life is 1 year. Medicinal raw materials are the fruits, dry and fresh.
The fruits of cultivated and wild pears used in fresh, dried and canned forms, as well as to make jams, jellies, pastes and various drinks (kvass, compote, cider, essences). Dried seeds and young pears are used as a coffee substitute.
The healing properties of pears.In folk medicine, boiled, baked pears, and a decoction of dried pears recommended for the treatment of cough in tuberculosis and respiratory diseases, fever, diarrhea. Fixing properties are most pronounced in wild pears.
Poached pear is a diuretic, antipyretic, antiseptic action. With the same purpose, use and pear decoction, it is recommended when kidney disease. The juice and decoction used as a diuretic and is prescribed for gallstones.
Medicinal properties of pears.All varieties of pears have astringent effect. Pears heal wounds, tanned wall of the stomach, quench thirst and soothe the bile. Densely welded pear juice is useful for bilious diarrhea. Children with dyspepsia give a decoction of dried pears with oatmeal.
Pear juice is rich in vitamins P, C, carotenoids, it is recommended in diets as a drug for strengthening the capillaries.
Ash highly viscous and slow-ripening pears treated for mushroom poisoning. If the mushrooms are cooking with pears, the harmfulness of fungi decreases.
A decoction of pears 100 g dried pears, 75 grams of oat cereals boiled in 500 ml water 30 minutes, to insist 1 hour and strain. Drink 50-100 ml 3 to 4 times daily before meals for diarrhea, gastritis, colitis, kidney stones, coughs, colds, tuberculosis.
Medicinal properties have only the pear, which has a characteristic pear aroma; the other, if they are without smell, eat for pleasure, but neither in fresh nor cooked, nor baked, they will not help neither in diabetes nor in diseases of the lungs or other diseases.
Treatment pear in folk medicine.Pears have long served not only food, but also helped fight certain diseases. A decoction of pears are still used in disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, and boiled and baked fruits such as severe cough, dyspnea, pulmonary tuberculosis. Thick broth is used for applying with a severe headache. A decoction of pears used for renal stone disease. The juice and decoction of the give diabetes and as a therapeutic tool for strengthening the capillaries.
Jelly pears:100 grams of chopped dried pears boiled in 200 ml of water, strain, add sugar to taste, add the dissolved in cold water starch and, stirring, bring to a boil. Apply at diarrheas.
Fresh pears to eat 100 g 2-3 times a day if you have diabetes, hypovitaminosis.
Treatment of prostatitis pear.1 Cup chopped dried pears boil until tender in 0.5 l of water, to insist 4 hours, take 1/4-1/2 Cup 3-4 times a day. The effect is striking, coming in a few days, and prolonged use of pear compote leads to a complete cure.
Treatment bag fungal diseases and dermatitis.A unique feature of pear – it is a natural antibiotic. The young leaves of pears, fresh or dried, boil a Cup of leaves pour 0.5 liters of boiling water on low heat for 2-3 minutes, allow to cool and applying the lotion sore spot.
Pear contraindications.All varieties of pears and all their varieties have astringent, tanned stomach wall. They must be excluded from the clinical nutrition in gastrointestinal diseases accompanied by constipation, if constipation is a pear contraindicated.
It is not recommended to eat a pear on an empty stomach is the best half an hour after a meal.
After pears can not drink tap water, there is a dense, heavy food.