Diet in atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is a pathology in which the deposition of atherosclerotic plaques on the inner surface of blood vessels. Over time, the plaques grow, filling the vascular lumen. As a result, the elastic properties of blood vessels. The development of atherosclerosis is a systemic, meaning it gradually affects all blood vessels in the body.

But each person, depending on the condition of the bodies, is pre-emptive defeat of certain vessels of the brain, coronary arteries of the heart, the lower extremities. This disease leads to development of severe diseases such as stroke, heart attack, intermittent claudication.






The main reason for the deposition of atherosclerotic plaques in blood vessels is elevated levels of cholesterol in the blood. Therefore, effective treatment of this disease is impossible without adherence to a special diet in atherosclerosis.

Diet for atherosclerosis.

Diet in atherosclerosis is aimed at reducing the diet calorie foods, the amount of animal fats, increasing the amount of fiber, vegetables.

Here are the basic guidelines for proper nutrition on this diet:

  • Reducing caloric intake by reducing the amount of carbohydrates, especially easily digestible (refined sugar, pastries, sweets).
  • Limiting the amount of animal fat is possible by eating lean meats, non-fried foods. In addition, we recommend removing the cooled fat in the preparation of the first dishes poultry, fish, meat.
  • Salt intake reduced to 5-7 g per day. Best food not to add salt in the cooking process, and desalinate ready meals. Instead of salt use lemon juice. It is also necessary to reduce the consumption of foods containing a lot of salt (canned foods, marinades, pickles).
  • In the diet increased protein content due to the use of at least 150 g cottage cheese, 150 g of fish and 150 g of lean meat per day. With the increased protein content in food longer feels a sense of satiety, additionally, the body increases the energy cost of digestion.
  • Diet in diet in atherosclerosis must contain sufficient amount of vitamins, micro - and macronutrients, dietary fiber. For this you need to eat vegetables and fruits.
The food in this diet should be frequent (5-6 times a day), while small portions are recommended. Food is prepared boiled, steamed or baked.

Diet for atherosclerosis involves the exclusion of the following products:

  • broths of meat, fish, mushrooms, soups of beans;
  • fatty pork, chicken, offal (kidney, liver, brain), smoked products, sausages, canned food;
  • fat, smoked, salted fish, caviar, canned fish;
  • the yolks of the eggs;
  • heavy cream, cheese, cream, cheese;
  • pasta, semolina, rice cereal;
  • canned food eateries, salty, spicy and fatty foods;
  • sauces, meat, mushroom, fish, mustard, mayonnaise, cooking and meat fats;
  • mushrooms, spinach, sorrel, radish, radish;
  • products from puff and fancy pastry, ice cream, cream products, chocolate;
  • cocoa, strong coffee and tea.
The list of recommended foods on the diet for atherosclerosis:

  • vegetable soups (beetroot, borsch, cabbage), milk soups, vegetarian soup with barley and potatoes;
  • bread from wheat flour 1 and 2 grades, peeled rye, seeded flour; nesdobnoe biscuits, cakes without salt with the addition of soy flour, ground wheat bran;
  • low-fat meat and poultry;
  • low-fat fish, seafood (seaweed, mussels, scallops);
  • soft-boiled eggs (1-2 units per week), an egg white omelet;
  • low-fat milk, dairy products low-fat, low-fat cottage cheese and dishes from it, salted, low-fat cheese;
  • crisp cereal, krupenye, casseroles of barley, millet, oats, buckwheat groats;
  • boiled fish in aspic, salads and vinaigrettes from vegetable oil;
  • fresh tomatoes, cucumbers, lettuce, greens, green peas mashed, different dishes of potatoes, eggplant, pumpkin, zucchini, carrots, beets, and cabbage;
  • sauces with vegetable broth, milk, tomato sauces, dietary oil, vegetable oil, fruit and berry gravy, cinnamon, vanillin, citric acid;
  • raw berries and fruits, dried fruits, mousse, jellies, compotes;
  • a decoction of wheat bran and rose hips, the berry juices, fruit, vegetable, Cup of coffee, tea with milk, lemon.
 

Diet in atherosclerosis of the brain

Atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels is one of the common diseases. Patients with this pathology is very important to follow the above given diet.

In addition, diet in atherosclerosis of the brain involves the mandatory inclusion in the diet of such products:

  • seaweed (high iodine content), peas (contains useful vitamin B2);
  • eggplant (improve metabolism in the body, reduce the level of cholesterol in the blood);
  • grapefruit – take on an empty stomach every day (prevents the deposition of calcium in the blood vessels);
  • watermelon (good removes excess cholesterol from the body);
  • quince, wild strawberry, ripe cherry.
 

Diet in atherosclerosis of the lower extremities

Diet in atherosclerosis of the lower limbs absolutely identical to the above diet. Its main principle is to reduce the amount of salt, carbohydrates and fats in the diet.

Here is an menu diet in atherosclerosis of the lower limbs for one day:

The first Breakfast. Milk millet porridge, vegetable salad seasoned with sunflower oil, a Cup of coffee.

The second Breakfast. Sweet cottage cheese, pears.

Lunch. Vegetable soup, buckwheat porridge with boiled veal, stewed fruit.

An afternoon snack. Sour.

Dinner. Baked potatoes with sea boiled fish, salad from sea cabbage with vegetable oil, weak tea with lemon.

For the night. Low-fat yogurt. published

 

P. S. And remember, only by changing their consumption — together we change the world! ©

Join us in Facebook , Vkontakte, Odnoklassniki

Source: ymadam.net/zdorove/zabolevaniia/dieta-pri-ateroskleroze.php

Tags

See also

New and interesting