Basics of First Aid. To help and not hurt

Under the cut contains recommendations for everything you need to take when providing assistance to the victims, and most importantly, something that in any case can not be taken. As mentioned composition of the kits, the imposition of the correct tires and wire harnesses, and useful things, which normally do not speak treasury lectures, but who always come in handy in real life situations. Used schematic images, taken from different thematic resources.
After reading the article, do not attempt to play Dr. House - there are things that can be successfully done only by a qualified technician.

We define the concepts and objectives

First aid includes measures to eliminate the danger to the health and life of the victim and reduce the impact of injuries. First aid is carried out before the arrival of professionals. For first aid, along with the treatment of wounds and immobilization (immobilization) are:
emergency call emergency medical service; take measures to stop the bleeding and restore the health of the heart and lungs (resuscitation); evacuation of the injured from the danger zone to be transported to the space available for emergency assistance is needed for pomoschi.Pervaya:
The elimination of threats to the life of the victim (recovery of cardiac activity and respiration, haemorrhage) prevention of complications (infections, frostbite, fractures offset, etc.). Providing transportation postradavshegoImmobilizatsiya

Immobilization - creating immobility of the affected area of ​​the body, the main measure of preventing a painful shock. Without immobilization of the victim can not be transported. Poor immobilization for fractures can lead to secondary displacement of fragments or secondary damage. There are transport and permanent immobilization. We are interested in transport.
Transport immobilization is carried out at first aid to the injured during transport. With gunshot wounds transport immobilization is always necessary, as peace prevents the development of infection. For temporary immobilisation used tires, and in the absence of tire - available means. When transport limb immobilization is necessary to fix two joints (above and below the injury site), and at the turn of the shoulder and hip - the three major joints of the limbs.

Immobilization is performed immobilization two neighboring joints above and below the fracture.


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