Propose to recall those great men who really managed to change mir.
Fyodor Dostoevsky (1821- 1881)
In spite of the wide popularity in Russia Fyodor Dostoyevsky, worldwide recognition and interest in his work came after his death. All noted his deep psychology, passion in the image "humiliated and insulted". The German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche wrote that Dostoevsky was the only psychologist from whom he learned something.
Karl Marx (1818-1883)
At the end of XIX beginning of the XX century the name of Karl Marx became a symbol of the struggle for the emancipation of the working class. He developed the principles of dialectical and materialist conception of history, spoke about the need to eliminate private property, put forward the thesis of the inevitability of the collapse of capitalism and the victory of communism. His main work - "Capital" - and the theory of surplus value affected the internal political life of many countries in Europe and the world.
Nikolay Pirogov (1810-1881)
Nikolay Pirogov hours worked in the anatomical theater, cut soft tissue examined diseased organs, bones sawed, sought to replace the damaged joints. Anatomy was his practical school, which laid the foundations of his future successful surgical operation. Pirogov first proposed the idea of plastic surgery, anesthesia applied in military surgery, for the first time put a plaster cast in the field, suggested the existence of pathogens causing festering wounds. His works, various medical atlases advanced Russian surgery on one of the first places in the world.
Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882)