The ability to learn is perhaps one of the most important skills of a person, but the most important thing in training, of course, memorizing information, the ability to analyze it and apply. If a person is able to learn effectively, it is easier to master various professions and apply their knowledge in life. According to some scholars, the methods of storing data that are used in the training of pupils and students, such as memorization of individual sections of textbooks, not too good, because it does not allow students to use the full potential of thinking. Here are some tricks of obtaining and processing information, which can significantly increase the productivity of the learning process.
1. Try to do without cribs
When you need to remember any information, do not rush to get into the Internet or get an outline - better try to restore the necessary information by referring to memory. This technique strengthens the neural connections between the parts of the brain and develops associative thinking.
2. Take examples from personal experience
Try to explain the new information in your own words, link it with the received knowledge before and incidents from the life. Using this technique will allow you to store information more efficiently and quickly retrieve them from memory, due to the large number of associations with events from your experience. For example, if you are trying to learn the essence of such physical phenomena as heat transfer, imagine how warm cup of coffee with your palms.
3. Alternate memorized data
If you have to make sense of large amounts of information relating to the various branches of knowledge, use interleaving technique, that is, you will learn some information on one subject and then on another, then the first, and so on. Striping helps to avoid such a phenomenon known to all students as a "mess in my head" and increases the efficiency of the study subjects, because clearly structured information is much easier to use than the chaotic jumble of facts.
4. Generate their own versions of the decisions
Do not wait until the teacher will explain the essence of a phenomenon or the principle of technology - it is better to take the initiative and first try to figure the problem, and only then to discuss the contentious issues with the teacher. The ability to put forward different versions, and calculate the most probable of them certainly come in handy in the future. For example, if there are difficulties in the work, you will be able to explore the options for making and choose the best of them, without recourse to the head.
5. Think about the findings
After finishing work on the job or attend classes ask yourself what was able to realize, and that is not how we can improve the outcome and as evidenced by the information received.
Researchers from the Harvard Business School found that an orderly analysis significantly improves the efficiency and effectiveness of discussion of problems. In one experiment, experts found that only 15 minutes of deliberation written per day increase productivity by 23%.
6. Use mnemonics
By no means all the information fails to associate with examples of life - for example, if you've never had to deal with the Chinese, to remember the names of Chinese emperors any dynasty in chronological order rather difficult. In this case, the so-called mnemonics help or mnemonics - complex ways assimilation of information by tying it to certain visual images or phrases. One of the most common examples of the use of mnemonics - remembering the seven primary colors of the solar spectrum by using the phrase "Every hunter wants to know where sits Pheasant" (or "As once Jacques-head broke the bell-ringer Lantern"), where the first letter of each word corresponds to the color. < br />
7. Identify the gaps in their knowledge
To memorize, and therefore the use of the information to be more effective, discuss the information received from colleagues in training. Feedback identifies points that you do not fully understand, and points to the "white spots" in your view about the subject of discussion. Everyone more or less prone to cognitive errors that may create the impression that the phenomenon studied completely. Questions colleagues will help to understand whether or not you thoroughly know the subject of discussion, or should better learn the materiel.