Motorists XXI century it is difficult to imagine how many tricks, and specific skills required by their ancestors winter half a century ago.
I remember succeeded to escape from work, go to the car shop in the southern port where it was at this time, as they used to say then threw short supply "Antifreeze". Proudly carrying two five-liter cans in the subway, and then answering the questions of suffering: where he bought a lot of time passed from the moment you throw on sale?
Rejoice now, then living with my winter an old "Moskvich-412" will be more fun. The naive youth! After all, "the wheel" warned: "Antifreeze have more than water, the ability to leak, where it is less likely waiting for the driver." Not that word! Accustomed for many years to the water cooling system began to trickle "Antifreeze" of all conceivable places. Valuable as a rare wine, the liquid was less. But the experience was adding ...
What we are doing today, preparing to go in the winter? We put winter tires. If you do not forget, we will fill in the washer tank nezamerzayku. Someone guess podgadat by early fall: after all, check the spark, antifreeze, the outer belt. The most prudent remember how old battery. In fact, today the only winter accessories for every day - so the scraper brush.
But "in the Soviet Union," almost every year "the wheel" in one of the rooms of autumn gave advice to those who dared to winter driving. "Come winter - colleagues wrote in 1966 - enjoyed first and foremost lovers of the ski and skating. A motorist having fun in the winter only if we succeed quickly to start the engine of his car. " Here we are reminded, as it did half a century ago.
Few remember what "poured candles." This means that they will have to turn out, take home, ignited on saving gas stove. Then - back as soon as possible (saved me, he lived on the first floor) and screw into place rapidly. If the battery is hooked, you can call a partner, and put him "on the key" to help re-starter "curves" fellow. In an extreme case, to find a truck driver who agrees to take the lift to start the run. Only in the cold is not always easy to include transmission and rear-wheel drive in the snow is not just unwound - lubrication in the transmission per night hopelessly thickened.
In the 1950s, 1960s and even the 1970s, antifreeze - a rarity. Someone did it myself! Some warmed up in the morning, two buckets of water: one - to shed through, warm up and close the drain faucet, filled from the second cooling system. If the water on a gas stove to warm as it should, the motor becomes a little warm before the start.
In the bitter cold harmless Crank the engine several times by hand - a little to disperse the oil. Alas, the "crooked starter" still might have to use.
"Battery charge" to the full ", spend a training cycle of" charge-discharge "and bring the density of the electrolyte in banks of up to 1, 27-1, 29". All this had to be done before the first frost. But in any case, the battery in the most cold were home to recharge (often home-made device), and in the morning carried to the car warm.
The most crucial moment: shivering, tension and excitement hand turn the key to "start." Do not forget to close the choke? (And before that, in the autumn, should carefully adjust the carburetor gap breaker points and spark between the electrodes.)
Hooray! Warming finally revived the engine, can be proud to go to work. Just do not forget that the tires are the same as in the summer. Winter, even in the early 1980s to get or can afford not all. During the day it is necessary to jump out on the street and a little to warm the engine. And, if in the water more than once: uneven hour, grab! In the evening, better to ride a few extra kilometers - to recharge the battery. But safer to take it home. And in the morning to start all over again. But it is difficult to convey the joy and pride of knowing that you are a real motorist - ride by car all year round! Feeling like winning the Winter Olympics.