Pumpkin, autumn is the main decoration of the majority of Russian gardens, due to its special taste and unique healing properties, cultivated by mankind for many centuries. About the wide spread of this vegetable in the countries of the ancient world shows the weight of the historical evidence (it is found in ancient Indian burials of the third century, pumpkin seeds, and Greek vessels manufactured of dried pumpkin fruits, the reference to the healing properties of pumpkin drugs in the tracts of Avicenna and other healers of the Ancient East).
In the 16th century, imported from European countries pumpkin due to its high productivity and simplicity to growing conditions perfectly got accustomed on the Russian fields. It has a pleasant taste which is perfectly keeping with the autumn to spring supply of nutrients, this vegetable has since become one of the most important and traditional component of many Russian dishes. And due to the mass healing and restorative properties, ability to be easily digested by the body pumpkin pulp was also recognized in modern dietetics, one of the best products for preventive nutrition and baby food.
But in the middle ages it became known that no less useful than the pumpkin pulp, and pumpkin seeds containing up to 40% of the most useful edible oil. Medicinal properties derived from pumpkin seed oil was revered so much that in Austria (the country where began the history of hand-made pumpkin butter), issued a special decree that are especially valuable for the health of Austrian citizens, the pumpkin seed oil must be used exclusively as medicines, and therefore can only be sold in the Apothecary shops. About the high cost of this herbal product in those ancient times is supported by the fact that in medieval Europe the cost of a 200g bottle of pumpkin oil was equivalent to the cost of a massive gold ring.
In our time, pumpkin seed oil is still quite expensive and its price is second only to cedar oil. The reason is the high cost of this pumpkin product due to firstly, the use in the production of pumpkin oil specific labour-intensive technologies, and secondly – expensive industrial raw materials (because to produce 1 liter of pumpkin oil the necessary technological processing about 2.5 kg of seeds obtained from more than 30 pumpkins).
The composition of pumpkin oil
High nutritional value and a wide range of therapeutic action of pumpkin oil are conditioned by its optimally balanced biochemical composition, characterized by high content of easily digestible proteins, vitamins (A, E, F, B1, B2, B3, B6, B9, C, P, T, K), macro - and trace elements (over 50) and other necessary to human health of biologically active substances (phytosterols, phospholipids, flavonoids, chlorophyll, etc.)
Pumpkin seed oil is characterized by a high concentration of vitamin F — polyunsaturated fats (over 80%). And part of the pumpkin oil vitamin F (complex of polyunsaturated fatty acids) includes the most beneficial to human body linoleic and linolenic acids (related respectively to the families of omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids). The complex contained in pumpkin seed oil polyunsaturated acids has beneficial effects on the cardiovascular, digestive, endocrine and nervous systems, improves the process of fat metabolism, cleanses the body from harmful substances (toxins, toxins, carcinogens etc.), as well as strengthens the immune system and maintaining normal hormonal balance.
Pumpkin oil among other edible oils are particularly famous for high content of vitamin A (content of "vitamin of youth" pumpkin is not inferior to the so well-known for their beneficial properties of carrots). It is thanks to the presence in the biochemical composition of a significant amount of vitamin a And pumpkin seed oil in the best way affects the condition of the organs of vision, finds successful application in the home of cosmetology, used in complex therapy of various diseases and traumatic injuries of the skin, and is also widely used in the treatment erozivno-ulcerative lesions of the mucous membranes of the inner and outer bodies.
In pumpkin seed oil also has another fat-soluble antioxidant – vitamin E protects vitamin a from destructive oxidation. Reinforcing the beneficial properties of vitamins A and F (by which pumpkin seed oil has anti-inflammatory, wound-healing and immune-stimulating action), vitamin E improves the activity of the heart and blood vessels, and plays a key role in the functioning of female and male reproductive system.
Part of the pumpkin oil complex of water soluble B group vitamins (B1, B2, B3, B4, B6, B9) is essential for proper functioning of the nervous, muscular, cardiovascular and digestive systems, and as contained in pumpkin seed oil vitamin C necessary for human body for the natural synthesis of steroid and other hormones. In combination with other biochemical components in pumpkin seed oil.
The complex contained in pumpkin seed oil of rare vitamins T and K necessary for normal functioning of the urinary and digestive systems, as well as for normal blood coagulation and effective digestion of calcium by bone tissue.
Pumpkin seed oil differs from most other dietary oils rich enough mineral composition (more than 50 macro - and microelements), leading position in which is zinc, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, iron and selenium. Part of the pumpkin oil, magnesium, and zinc, involved in the development of body insulin, and in addition, regulates the activity of nervous, muscular, cardiovascular and urinary systems. Adequate intake of magnesium significantly reduces the risk of prostate diseases, kidney disease, atherosclerosis and diabetes.
Pumpkin seed oil is also an excellent source of a potent immunostimulant-antioxidant selenium, iron plays a crucial role in the synthesis of the blood protein hemoglobin, calcium and phosphorus, necessary for proper formation and functioning of bone and cartilage.
And, in addition, pumpkin seed oil contains in its structure a large number necessary for the proper functioning of the liver phospholipids and highly rich in chlorophyll, has bactericidal and wound healing properties.
Medicinal properties of pumpkin oil
Use pumpkin oil for the digestive system. Pumpkin seed oil has long been used in folk medicine as a means of improving the functioning of the liver and gallbladder. Oil normalizes the process of bile secretion, restores structure of the liver, protecting it from the formation of fatty deposits and prevents the development of inflammatory processes in the liver, gallbladder and biliary tract. It is useful in such diseases as gallstone disease, fatty liver, cholecystitis, holecistoholangit, biliary dyskinesia, viral hepatitis. Because of the pronounced hepatoprotective properties of pumpkin oil it is also applied frequently is also recommended for alcoholic liver disease (cirrhosis, alcoholic hepatitis) or as part of a comprehensive cancer chemotherapy.
Due to the high content in the biochemical composition of substances, has anti-inflammatory and healing effect on the mucous membranes of the intestine and stomach (vitamins A and E, linoleic and linolenic acids, flavonoids, phytosterols, chlorophyll), as well as the presence in the composition of vitamin B1, normalizes the acidity of gastric juice, pumpkin seed oil quite effectively in the composition for the prevention and complex treatment of diseases such as gastritis, esophagitis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, colitis, enterocolitis, gastroduodenitis. In addition, due to the mild laxative effect pumpkin oil is often used for constipation and flatulence, and due to the expressed antiparasitic properties this vegetable product finds successful application in the treatment of helminth infections (especially it is effective against tape worms).
Application of pumpkin oil for improvement of the cardiovascular system.
The pumpkin seed oil contains in its structure a number of substances that strengthen and improve elasticity of walls of blood vessels, protects the circulatory system from inflammatory processes and the damaging effects of free radicals (as polyunsaturated acids, flavonoids, vitamins A, E, C). Some components of pumpkin oil, in addition, reduce blood levels of "bad" cholesterol, prevents the formation on the walls of vessels of atherosclerotic plaques and contribute to the maintenance of normal blood pressure.
Pumpkin seed oil – for improvement of male sexual sphere and improving excretory system.
Pumpkin seed oil and pumpkin seeds is a famous traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases of organs urinary and male reproductive system. This is due to the fact that pumpkin seed oil contains a unique complex of substances possessing diuretic, bactericidal, anti-inflammatory, antineoplastic and androgenic properties. Included in the pumpkin seed oil beta-sitosterol, vitamin a, zinc and magnesium have a beneficial effect on the prostate, vitamin E combined with zinc improves erectile function and normalizes the process of spermatogenesis, flavonoids, phytosterols, chlorophyll and vitamins C and A protect tissue and vessels of the urinary organs from the development in them of inflammatory processes.
Use pumpkin seed oil for women's health and reproductive function.
Due to the high content of substances that contribute to the maintenance of normal hormonal balance of the female body, as well as to the presence of components which possess wound-healing anti-inflammatory properties.
Application of pumpkin oil in dermatology and cosmetology
The composition of pumpkin seed oil contains a complex of substances with antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, analgesic, anti-allergic and wound healing properties (vitamins A, E, B vitamins, phytosterols, flavonoids, fatty acids, chlorophyll). In connection with itemtypename oil for many years is widely used in the prevention and complex treatment of various diseases and traumatic injuries of the skin (such as acne, seborrhea, hyperkeratosis, skin Allergy, hives, ringworm, eczema, herpes, psoriasis, burns, cuts, bedsores, trophic ulcers, etc.)
This useful vegetable product has a wide range of cosmetic properties:
Improves active moisturizing, nutrition and skin softening, gives the skin firmness and elasticity, contained in the pumpkin oil complex of flavonoids, vitamins C and E, strengthens the subcutaneous capillaries and prevents the appearance of skin hematomas and "spider veins".The enzymes of pumpkin oil helps to cleanse the skin from the Horny layer, dead skin cells, and vitamin a, which is especially rich in pumpkin seed oil, accelerates the regeneration of the skin, protects the skin from premature aging caused by hormonal imbalances or excessive exposure to ultraviolet rays
Regular use of zinc-rich pumpkin seed oil normalizes the sebaceous glands of the skin and helps to cope with these cosmetic problems, such as greasy dandruff, acne, seborrhea.
Pumpkin seed oil is great for dry, rough, scaly, sensitive or Mature skin. Due to the complex of the above-described cosmetic properties, this oil is often used as part of various moisturizing and nourishing creams for the face and hands, sun care products, softening and moisturizing balms for the lips, care products for the hair.
Application of pumpkin oil in cooking
Has excellent taste and aromatic qualities, rich in essential for human health vitamins, minerals, biologically active substances, pumpkin seed oil is a valuable dietary staple, and for many centuries now finds in different countries are very diverse culinary use. And thanks to the high content of valuable vegetable protein and easily digestible fats (not inferior in its nutritional value fats of animal origin) pumpkin seed oil also is a common component of a vegetarian diet.
Unrefined pumpkin oil has a pleasant delicate taste and is depending on the varieties used in the production of raw nut flavor or aroma of roasted pumpkin seeds.
In many European countries pumpkin seed oil is used for cooking various vegetable salads (as a very popular dressing for salads of greens, vegetables and fruits, the Germans and Austrians often use a mixture of pumpkin oil and vinegar from Apple cider).
In addition, pumpkin oil is often used for seasoning porridges, rice, salads, cereals and pasta side dishes, steamed vegetables, baked potatoes, mashed potatoes, soups, vegetables, peas, beans and lentils. This herbal product is most successfully brings out the natural taste of the dishes of pumpkin and zucchini and lends a unique flavor to various sauces and gravies, cold marinades, meat or fish.
As a dressing all the above dishes pumpkin seed oil should be used in a moderate quantity due to its rich flavour. Ready meat or fish dish is enough to spray several drops of pumpkin oil to taste it has got a unique bright color.
Pumpkin seed oil is not recommended for frying as it does not tolerate heating to high temperatures.
Method of application pumpkin massaglia treatment of the diseases listed in the section "Medicinal properties of pumpkin oil" it is recommended to take pumpkin oil 1 teaspoon 3 times a day 50-60 minutes before meals (or 2 hours after a meal), drinking his cold water (in the case of a light burp pumpkin seed oil should be eat it with a piece of bread or drink orange, grapefruit or lemon juice).The duration of the course of treatment should be: in diseases of the stomach and intestines – 2-3 weeks; in diseases of the liver and for the prevention of atherosclerosis – 6-8 weeks; for diseases of the prostate – 4 weeks. In the case of other types of diseases the course of treatment is 1 month.
Contraindications to the use of pumpkin oil
Individual intolerance. People suffering from diabetes before using pumpkin oil, you must consult with your doctor.
Pumpkin seed oil has a slight laxative effect, in this connection against the background of its regular internal use possible the emergence of liquefied chair. When calculous cholecystitis (cholelithiasis) pumpkin seed oil should be taken with caution, since due to the strong choleretic properties of this product can cause movement of stones in the gallbladder (in this case therapeutic dose of oil should be reduced while increasing the duration of treatment).