Symbiotic organism: Kombucha tea or Medusa (Medusomyces gisevii) was known 250 years before the Christian era, in the Han dynasty in China. The Chinese called it the elixir of health and immortality.
This fungus is familiar to many Russian people. Previously, he was a fixture of the petty-bourgeois and rural homes. Like many Googley with healing properties, he came to us from Asia.
Actually, this is one of the very ancient organisms, known from time immemorial. The first mention of it was made in Manchuria and refer to 220 BC
Homeland Kombucha believe Ceylon, where he spread to India and then moved to China. Already from China zooglea appeared in Manchuria and Eastern Siberia. About the Eastern origin of Kombucha is evidenced by its other name— Kombucha. Scientifically it is called medusomyces (Medusomyces gisevi) due to the resemblance to jellyfish.
However, not all researchers share this version of the origin and spread of Kombucha. Some believe that as such it arose in Tibet. Others indicate that his properties were known to the ancient Greeks. To establish the real history of this medicinal mushroom is now unlikely to succeed. However, it is known as Kombucha has been in Europe.
In Russia it has been studied since the late nineteenth century, as Transbaikalia and Manchuria was in the halo of the interests of the Russian Empire. Then found that it actually isn't a mushroom, but a symbiotic acetic-acid bacteria, and several kinds of yeast. Scientists have found and the composition of zooglea, and its healing properties.
In Russia Kombucha is particularly well caught in the Volga region, in the Central provinces of Russia. He found a niche also in Ukraine, Belarus, the Baltic States. Has been transferred to the Caucasus.
Of the European countries first to know about Kombucha learned Germany. It happened in the beginning of XX century There was made the first truly scientific description of the organism. Made it in 1913, the German mycologist G. Lindau. Hence starts the story of many years and constant study Kombucha.
In England, France and Prussia of the drink made with Kombucha, made vinegar. Made it in open wooden barrels, protectors of the mushroom when it reached gigantic proportions. There were even obtained a patent on the manufacture of vinegar in this way. It was also used as a normal drink, and because it was called mushroom brew tea brew. So he became known in Russian families.
Interested in the specifics of this zooglea and researchers. They found that the liquid obtained by fermentation, has a positive effect on the human condition that have high blood pressure, reduces the risk of atherosclerosis. A good effect has been detected and the number of cases with acute gastrointestinal diseases. On the basis of Kombucha is even highlighted in a special antibiotic — medwin (E. K. Naumov). The infusion of fungus prescribed for stomatitis. Since the middle of last century talking about its bactericidal action.
People drank the drink Kombucha not only as such but also with therapeutic purposes — for getting rid of different kinds of colds, maintain the strength and make the body tone. "Refreshing", "tart", "invigorating" — so not just talked about it all those who tried it. This drink ciali headaches, intestinal disorders. In Japan, for example, was used to preserve the harmony of shapes. Vinegar derived from it, opolaskivanie hair to give them Shine. Particularly useful was considered its impact on the elderly. Mushroom kvass has improved the health of elderly and old people. "Prescribed" this drink and constipation.
Later, in the heyday of biology, it has been found that this drink has a pronounced metabolic properties, restoring normal conditions in the cell membranes, which ensures the effect of well-being.The beneficial properties of the
Mushroom does not assimilate aromatic, tannic and other substances of tea, but to live without it can not. That's a paradox! Tea had not, for example, to synthesize the acid. In fact, the secret to cooking this healthy and fragrant drink Kombucha is very simple: water, tea, sugar, air, quiet place, plus care and cleaning.
The process of fermentation initiated by yeast. As a result of the sugar formed ethyl alcohol and carbon dioxide. Then in the case enters the bacteria. They oxidize alcohol, and the resulting acetic acid to stop the fermentation process.
It turns out a liquid in which there are more neoperabelny sugar, carbonic acid, tannins (contained in used tea leaves), jpynnbi vitamins and vitamin C. In this infusion, there are also organic acids (lactic, carbonic, gluconic, kojic, etc.), enzymes, aromatic substances. As researchers found, the number included in this drink acids it is equal to ordinary kvass. However, its more pronounced in comparison with kvass positive properties it obtains through the combination of kojic and gluconic acids.
For proper storage of mushroom and a rich nutrients of the drink should appropriate this zooglea environment — filtered sweet black tea. This is further evidence that the fungus appeared where the tea Bush is growing in Asia. The more strong will be the tea, the more vitamins will be in the desired product.
It is very important to take care of normal intestinal microflora. Useful for the human body bacteria and stimulate the processes of its protection. They are responsible for eliminate toxins — the main enemies of the us defending bacteria, most important of which is Escherichia coli (colonic bacterium).
From the intestinal microflora depends on how well the body can cope with the negative factors, including cause of disease and aging. Poisoning working in our body systems manifests itself in bad breath, constant headaches, difficulties with digestion, rheumatic diseases, disorders of the immune system. Eczema and cancer — it would seem that such disparate illnesses — arise from the weakening of the immune system, destruction of healthy systems as a result of the negative effects of toxins. Kombucha contains essential body acids and washes away from it the germs that lead to these terrible consequences. It is very important that it is quite natural and safe.
— Matured tea brew contains sucrose, glucose, fructose, ethyl alcohol.
-Kombucha contains beneficial acids: gluconic, citric, lactic, acetic, malic, Koivu, as well as enzymes, b vitamins, vitamins C and PP, sugar, caffeine.
— Kombucha improves digestion.
— Has antibiotic properties.
His tincture is recommended to rinse your mouth for the treatment of ulcerative stomatitis.
— Daily use of the tea brew half a Cup 3 times a day during the cycle in 2-3 weeks improves the health of people suffering from sclerotic forms of hypertension, reduces blood pressure.
— Reduces and relieves headache.
-Recommended for older people to improve health, especially suffering from atherosclerosis.
— Is useful in a number of intestinal diseases with constipation. It is especially useful for people leading a sedentary lifestyle.
-Antimicrobial, antibiotic action. The strength of this property depends on the accumulation of asabagoodboy medusine, resistant to acids and heat, non-toxic.
-It is used to treat some forms of angina.
-Used for conjunctivitis, pustular skin lesions and as a germicide.
— Kombucha concentrate is made Kombucha called "Kombucha". The use of this drug had a beneficial effect senile phenomena, especially in atherosclerosis.
— The drug is "Medusan" has antibiotic action.
— Drink Com-Bancha is made on the basis of Japanese green tea, it is sweet in taste and is designed to restore the health of alcoholics and drug addicts. This drink was recommended for cancer patients to recuperate those patients who have lost appetite. The drink is suitable for diabetics.
— Drink Com-Chungmee is prepared on the basis of Chinese green tea, used worldwide, helps with diabetes, diseases of prostate and kidney problems.
-Drink Com-Sencha based green tea helps with cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, high cholesterol levels in the blood. Has a tonic and soothing effect.
— Kombucha helps in the treatment of liver and gall bladder.
— Used to treat sore throats and tonsillitis.
— Useful for treating eye infection.
— Used together with other drugs in the treatment of scarlet fever, diphtheria, typhoid, influenza, acute respiratory infections, diseases of the ear, nose and throat.
— The infusion of the fungus slows down and facilitates the course of tuberculosis.
— Strengthens the Central nervous system.
— Lowers blood pressure in patients with hypertension.
Description vidagany mushroom is a type of symbiotic organism composed of two components: mushroom (mycobiont) and algal (phycobiont). Kombucha is a symbiosis of acetic acid coli and yeast. Kombucha with kefir fungus refers to fungus-zooglea. Yeast fungus spaevaet sugar with the formation of alcohol and carbon dioxide, and acetic acid bacteria oxidize the alcohol and turn it into organic acids. The result is a flavored drink has a pleasant sour taste, reminiscent of a tea brew.
The fungus is a thick layered mucous film floating on the surface of the liquid nutrient medium — sweet tea or juice. Kombucha tends to fill the entire free surface of the nutrient medium, so in an industrial environment, it can achieve impressive size — up to 100 kg. In the domestic environment it is placed in glass jars from half a liter to five liters, filled with sweet tea.
This fungus, as has been said, resembles a jellyfish. So it often causes some wariness, and sometimes even discomfort. The upper part is shiny, dense, lower — hanging thread. In it the sugar solution and tea brew turn into a healthful drink.
For proper preparation of this drink requires sugar, as well as for the Indian marine fungus, and tea brew. That's why this zooglea called a tea mushroom.
His film has a yellowish-brown color and floats on the surface of the infusion of sweet black tea. In a fluid can be glucose, sucrose, fructose. No matter the variety of tea, but it needs to be without additives and it is black.
In addition, the composition of the drink made with Kombucha, there are a few components:
• ethyl alcohol;
• organic acids: acetic, oxalic, citric, malic, pyruvic, phosphoric, etc.;
• ascorbic acid;
• enzymes: lipase, protease, amylase, etc.;
• fatty acids, etc.
The rules of growing, care and upotreblenyya to make 1 liter of drink add 2 teaspoons of dried black tea leaf and approximately 50 g sugar (100 g). The tea should be put so that it does not impinge on the mushroom itself and did not cause putrefaction.
Dilute the Kombucha to make a drink you need in a glass jar. It should be great — 2-3 years, with a wide neck. Prepare the Bank in the same way as for cultivation of Indian sea rice. Pour the filtered sweet tea. Place the mushroom. Take the cheesecloth, folded in two layers. It is necessary to close the Bank, but in any case not cover. The fungus is a living organism, and it requires air.
Pour boiled water or purified, along with dissolved sugar. In the raw water a lot of calcium, it can form a precipitate of gluconic acid salts. Do not pour sugar on mushroom — this will lead to its darkening and deterioration of its performance.
Leave the jar at room temperature, so that it does not get direct sunlight. In addition, it should be kept away from Windows and cold. It slows the growth of fungus and affects the quality of the drink.
Don't be afraid to breed the fungus of the smallest pieces. This zooglea is growing rapidly. Separate from the bottom part of the parent fungus is the bottom layer and put it into the prepared jar, filling there the cooled sweet tea.
About three days Kombucha will not rise to the surface. This is a normal reaction. Then he gets out, and next week will be ready the first portion of the beverage. Because it contained carbon dioxide, the resulting liquid will be slightly carbonated.
Soon the mushroom reaches a thickness of a few centimeters. Every 10 days on its surface is formed another new layer in the thin mucous film. For reproduction of the fungus such layers separate (usually 1-2) and transplanted into a new container.
Carefully follow the level of liquid in a jar and pour (from 0.5 to 2 liters). If you forget about Kombucha, the liquid can evaporate. It is not a good phenomenon, but zooglea very hardy, and she did not die. I should add sweet tea, as she will again come alive and begin to grow in size.
Kombucha usually podslushivaet solution in the ratio of 2 tbsp sugar and 2 tsp of tea in 3 l of water.
You should keep a few certain conditions make this healthy drink.
Get two three-liter banks. One must be a mushroom. In the other you will pour the drink, keeping it in the fridge. Drain the infusion every 5-7 days in winter, summer, do it more often, after 3 days, because it's getting warmer and mushroom aktiviziruyutsya.
To maintain the optimum composition of the brew and acceptable taste properties, you should rinse the mushroom with warm boiled water 1 time a week. If you did not do this, then your fungus will overgrow. The beverage is not drained within a couple of weeks, takes on the quality of vinegar. To drink it is impossible. In the summer, wash the mushroom in clean water after two weeks in the winter — about once a month.
A special symptom of a dysfunctional state Kombucha is it darkening. Top film turns brown. This means that zooglea dies. Therefore, it in the infusion you stagnate or you have not washed it properly. Warn the situation, spreading new Kombucha.
It is possible to grow and propagate Kombucha. Do not have to separate new layers. Approximately 1 l of 10-day clean infusion in a warm place. Two weeks forms a thin film. From it and formed zooglea Kombucha.
The taste of the beverage should be sweet and sour, refreshing. In any case not sharp nor pronounced alcoholic taste, no astringent. Otherwise, you or overdo it with sugar, or, conversely, put it less than necessary. Maybe welding was too strong or too weak. In addition, the taste of the drink depends on the duration of stay in it of the fungus.
Because the incoming substances interact with food in your stomach, don't drink the mushroom brew directly before the meal, during it or immediately afterwards, to no mixing with food occurred. It is believed that after a heavy lunch, if you ate fish, meat or poultry, should take two or three hours, and after eating fruit or vegetables — 1-2 hours. But if you have overeaten, you to eliminate weight in the stomach drink a glass of infusion of tea fungus.
You can drink the tea brew in the morning and evening — twice a day. Levee has an incentive function, evening — soothing, normalizing sleep.
Before having a normal mushroom kvas, it should be filtered, the overflow through cheesecloth, folded in four layers. The most delicious is the drink, aged for weeks. Pour the drink in cans (or bottles), store them in a cool place. Chilled it will taste better.
Although for therapeutic purposes should only use black tea to meet the special needs of taste or in some cases will fit and a different kind of tea. For example, green tea has more vitamins and caffeine, this drink will be a real tonic. They can even rinse your mouth after eating, because it has a strong antibacterial effect.
You can add to drink infusion of bergamot tea or herbs — especially mint and oregano. It has a calming effect on the nervous system. Sometimes instead of sugar honey, as a result, you will enrich the beverage with additional trace elements, and the taste will be close to the kind of honey you use.
Because breeding Kombucha does a lot of people, gathered a lot of evidence that this body in General is very unpretentious. Therefore, you should not encounter any special difficulties when caring for them.
So the infusion Kombucha improves digestion, heals arthritis, has antibacterial properties, helps to lower blood pressure, stimulates the immune system. In addition, being both healthy and tasty, it also diversifies the traditional and sometimes a mean set of drinks in your diet.
Therapeutic and cosmetic effect of tea gribaudi again list the cases when the infusion of tea fungus has a preventive and sometimes curative action:
• diseases of the liver and gallbladder;
• diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
• vegetovascular dystonia;
• chronic enterocolitis;
• influenza and SARS;
• the wound;
In addition, conducted the study doctors believe that this infusion, it is appropriate to drink for tuberculosis. Support means it serves for diseases of the Central nervous system.
For the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases, and diseases of the gallbladder drink should be prepared as described above and drink it regularly. The same recipe should be used in case of headache, insomnia, cardialgia.
Antibacterial effect of Kombucha is manifested in the treatment of nasopharynx and oral cavity. To enhance the action of the solution slightly warmed. This should be done in an enamel pot (not aluminum and not galvanized!), and even better — in a clay or glass. There are instances where the infusion of tea fungus, thus prepared, was used in the treatment of angina for hourly rinsing. In such cases, in infusion, add water in the ratio of 1:10. The same solution was washed with nasal mucosa. In addition, mushroom kvass drink 2-3 cups a day.
With stomatitis mouth rinse every half hour.
For the prevention of acute respiratory infections also drink 3 cups every day.
When inflammation of the eye or the barley infusion Kombucha diluted in a ratio of 1: 20, instill 2-3 drops several times a day.
When removing the symptoms of the common cold is also used gauze pads soaked in such solution Kombucha. They change every half an hour.
Very useful as an alcohol tincture, prepared in a concentrated mushroom tea. You need to take the long-stored (maybe in a month) infusion and add the vodka at a ratio of 1: 4. Next, infuse the drink for 2 weeks, strain, then store in a dark cool place. Drink this tincture 1 teaspoon 3 times a day as a preventive tool to eliminate the symptoms of a cold.
In addition, Kombucha serves delicious homemade vinegar. This mushroom is filled with boiled water, tea leaves and sugar syrup and kept for 3 weeks. Don't forget to periodically wash the mushroom. Then pour the infusion into a saucepan, boil for about 40 minutes, filtered through cheesecloth, and add citric acid. You will receive a tool that can be used not only for cooking but also in cosmetic purposes.
It should be said that the range cosmetic use of Kombucha is quite wide. Spreading it in the water, they can wash oily hair. It is possible to prepare a great lotion to care for porous oily skin, purify acne and pustular lesions. Pour the weekly solution of the fungus, soak cotton wool in it and wipe her face along the lines of the skin. This procedure should be done twice a day — morning and evenings. Skin condition improved, and due to the antibacterial action of infusion of tea fungus need to go through and all sorts of rashes and redness, of course, if they are not of allergic nature.
Infusion of Kombucha can do holyblue mask for any skin type. Her doing so. First clean your face and generously smear it with cream on a natural basis. Then the person put abundantly moistened with Kombucha and wrung so that the liquid did not drain, the gauze. Lie down, relax for 20-30 minutes. Completing the procedure, wash with cool boiled water.
Kombucha — natural cosmetic creditanstal Kombucha is a natural means of skin care. He stimulates her excretory function, improves circulation, smoothes and tones the skin. This product finds surprisingly diverse cosmetic applications, providing during many procedures simultaneously medical and cosmetic effects.
Sebum and sweat, covering with a thin layer of the skin create an acidic environment that is unfavorable for many microorganisms, stimulating a variety of skin diseases. Leather, by nature have an acid reaction, fulfils, therefore, an important protective function in relation to the whole body.
The vast majority of soap breaks the protective shield of the skin, as it involved lye. If the skin of the body or scalp itches, it usually means that you used the detergent is too strong impact and it changed the natural acidic skin. When the detergent is used acid, skin is a natural product that meets her needs.
So after washing with soap very well to rinse or wipe the skin infusion Kombucha monthly and even greater exposure. This infusion has proven itself as an effective means for skin care, thanks to which restores its acidic environment. In addition, it is valuable that renders the skin soft and very delicate effect.
To eliminate acne, you to the infusion Kombucha add the lavender flowers (for a Cup of tea kvass a handful of flowers) or lavender oil (in a volume similar to the volume of plants). Keep the lotion for three weeks in a cool place, then strain. Wash and take a bath, adding water to this solution.
A good cleanser is an infusion of Kombucha, aged for months. It is a kind of scrub and lotion at the same time, which can wipe the whole body. First, wash the body with soap and water, then nitrites infusion of mushroom... so Lie down for ten minutes, then rinse everything with clean water. After rubbing with infusion you can get a massage, it will strengthen its therapeutic and cosmetic effect.
It is not forbidden to add the infusion when taking a bath (glass of infusion Kombucha extracts at least 2-3 weeks). Stay in the water 20-30 minutes.
To eliminate bacteria from the skin you can wipe armpits with gauze or cotton cloth dampened with the infusion of Kombucha. These are very effective against unpleasant smell of sweat, preserving the natural skin acidic environment.
Clean the skin in other ways. Wipe the face with cleansing milk, rinse with warm water. Well then, soak a linen cloth in the infusion Kombucha a 2-week exposure, press it, put on the face and cover with a warm towel. So lie down for ten minutes. Then, remove the cloth, rinse your face with warm water and vigorously massage the skin.
Used the infusion of Kombucha for the treatment of the scalp. Rinse the hair with infusion of tea fungus after each shampooing, and they will become shiny. For oily hair use a combination of mushroom infusion with the infusion of nettle leaves. Dried nettle leaves brew at the rate of 2 tablespoons per Cup of water, mix the resulting solution with mushroom kvass in the ratio of 1:1. After shampooing, dampen the Skin of this infusion and massage it along the lines of hair growth. Rinse your hair with water afterwards is not necessary. If you hate to leave the infusion were nesmytogo, rinse them, but not earlier than in half an hour.
For oily hair you can also prepare another infusion: take 1 teaspoon of sage, rosemary, thyme and horsetail, boil a half cups of boiling water and mix with half Cup of infusion.
When brittle hair use nettle leaves, camomile and infusion of the fungus, taken in the same proportion.
In order to make your hair thicker, try to care for them with the help of mushroom kvass with the addition of dry herb nettle (2 tablespoons to a half Cup).
Helps the infusion tea fungus and dandruff. RUB into skin after shampooing, soak for 20 minutes and then rinse.
Similarly, you can wipe the infusion of tea fungus of the hands, body, nails. It helps to improve their appearance and your overall health.Contraindications
hyperacidity of the stomach, ulcer of the stomach is not recommended.
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