How we can trick your own brain

We used to trust my brain, but sometimes he is able to obmanyvat us and even to substitute, to create false memories, confused direction, and even stop the space.

To shoot down GPS

Probably everyone at least once in life lost spatial orientation, and in a familiar place. Like someone abruptly turned off your inner autopilot. This happens to all, but this joke of a brain can be totally ridiculous reasons. In medicine it is called "temporary disorientation," when a person abruptly ceases to recognise places, people cannot make their own decision. The reasons for this phenomenon, especially if it is constant, can be lung disease or diabetes. However, sometimes faults in your internal navigation — a consequence of the constant use of GPS. Even if you nearest store prefer to move the arrow on the smartphone, according to scientists from McGill University, will soon turn into "navigation zombie", will completely lose the ability to navigate by the landscape.

To falsify memories

Man is easy to impress. Today, almost everyone has false memories. Usually these are the stories that you heard, for example, about your childhood. The man almost remembers nothing of his early years, a large part of what he supposedly remembers, the stories of parents and loved ones. For example, the story about how you were transported from the hospital, and you shouted in the street. Or once in four years got into a fight with the neighbor boy. To separate the false memories from the real is almost impossible. Studies have shown people who witnessed any of the events can later under the influence of false information "to change" their memories.

Scientists conducted an experiment in which witnesses a traffic accident, claiming that to blame the driver, not noticing the red traffic signal, divided into two groups. One of them showed "proof" that the light was green. After some time spent re-interviewing of both groups, and those who have provided false information, suddenly "remembered" that the traffic light burned green, not red, like they claimed earlier. Another experiment was conducted by the University of Washington. The students were asked to tell about some events from my childhood, and compare them with the memories of the parents, among which one was false. In the end, about 20% of the students during the second interview, "remembered" the false event. Moreover, after every poll story has acquired new details.

To get to the crap

People not only constantly "editing" his memories but forgets. This is the result of information overload in memory, the brain simply throws away information that was considered unnecessary. It constantly puts us in an awkward position, but not serious. The situation changes radically, if you once failed to hit his head and earned himself a brain disorder – "Wernicke's aphasia" or "temporary memory loss of words." Remember the scene from the movie "Bruce Almighty" when Jim Carrey's character using divine power has forced the hero of Steve Carell to carry live an incoherent chain of words? This is aphasia, when a person gives out meaningless gibberish. Moreover, the people with whom it happened, claim that their mouth, like he lived his life, they didn't know what to say in the moment and aware of the sense are already post-factum.

To make plagiatchika

Like false memories, the brain generates false ideas. It's called cryptomnesia or "unconscious plagiarism". In other words, your brain "steals" other people's ideas and gives you a view of your own. After all, survival is the main idea, and its copyright matters. Of the high-profile examples – George Harrison, who had to pay 600 000 dollars for a song that he sincerely believed his. This can happen to anyone. For example, some time later, after a fierce dispute and desperate to protect your position, reworking the idea of an opponent, you take her for her. Another cryptomnesia is evident in the overlap of dreams and reality, when people can't remember exactly when an event happened to him, in a dream or reality.

To arrange a slide show

Imagine the following situation – you're standing on the road waiting for the green light. It takes a minute, two, five, green has long been launched, but instead of the busy traffic you also see before you is a frozen street, as if someone clicked on "global remote" stop button. This "someone" all the same your brain, which has undergone a "akinetopsia" or "inability to perceive the movement". The reasons for the phenomenon may be different from the effects of injuries to the side effects of taking antidepressants. Fixed the car the man with akinetopsia sees as usual. If the machine begins to move, it is perceived as a sequence of frames taken separately, leaving behind a blurry trail. In other words, a way for you into a frame with a slow shutter speed.

Or another example, imagine you want to fill the Cup. But the stream of water for you are motionless, the glass in front of your eyes will remain empty. In the case akinetopsia the person ceases to perceive facial expressions of other people, and the face of the interlocutor, despite the sounds will be static, like in the mask. In General, a horror movie in reality. Fortunately, akinetopsia, an extremely rare phenomenon which disappears after the cause.

To kill time

About the perception of time we know nothing more than about all the possibilities of the human brain. It always flows differently. For example, according to research scientists, the course of psychological time changes, if a person lives in the process of perception. In childhood the child is like a sponge, absorbing new knowledge, and every day filled with memories. As they grow older man acts more automatically, less learns and absorbs information. So over the years we feel the acceleration of time. Perception of time can vary depending on space – in a stuffy room, it stretches "like a rubber" because people are constantly focused on what he was uncomfortable. But there are times when one absolutely loses the sense of time.

More precisely, does not perceive sequence of events, not divides life into years, and years, months and days. One woman refused to admit that there is a cycle of 24 hours and 365 days. She, like all, got up, had Breakfast, did the work, but for her it was indivisible point, to put it simply, her life has always consisted of one day. Such temporal perception is called "agnosia of time." By the way, this pathology of the brain "birds of a feather" with akinetopsia – distortion of perception of space.

To mirror the other

Have you ever experienced discomfort in the body, hearing that someone pinched a finger or had a broken leg. Or, depending on the militants, automatically clutching at the same place where she was wounded hero. This so-called sympathetic pain, a kind of empathy (the ability to put yourself in the other person).

Scientists have proven that our brains are constantly copies the facial expression, feeling, other symptoms. And all thanks to the mirror neurons that are present in speech, motor, visual, associative and other areas. What man needs "brain mirror" is not clear. Perhaps they can help with learning and early development, when children learn by repeating them. Or these are special neurons that are responsible for our empathy, in General, distinguish us from dinosaurs (in other mammals, including primates, too, have mirror neurons).

In any case, it is to them we owe the fact that the people called "sensitiveness" is the application that you see yourself – and pain syndromes of pregnancy and phobias.


Author: Alice Muranova


P. S. And remember, only by changing their consumption — together we change the world! ©



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