First aid for foreign body in the body

First aid for foreign body earContact of a foreign body in the ear can cause ear pain and hearing loss. An adult usually knows what in his ear foreign body, but a small child might not know or be able to explain. If the ear canal hit a foreign object, follow these steps: 1. Do not insert anything in the ear! Do not attempt to remove foreign body with cotton buds, match, clips or any other tool. All of this can lead to pushing of foreign body deeper into the ear and damage the fragile structures.

2. If the object partially sticking out from the ear and, most likely, can be easily removed – have another person carefully remove it, for example with tweezers.

3. Try to use gravity. Tilt your head to the affected ear downward and shake, trying to push the object.






4. If the ear caught the insect and it tries to move – first, tilt your head to the affected ear up, maybe it will come by itself. If not – fill ear with mineral or vegetable oil. The oil should be warm but not hot. Then pull the tip of the ear slightly backwards and upwards to straighten the ear canal. The insect should suffocate and float in the "oil bath". Do not use oil to remove other objects, it is only suitable when removing the insect. Do not use this method in children in the presence of ear tubes (tympanostomy) or if you suspect an injury to the eardrum. Signs are pain, bleeding or discharge from the ear.

5. Try to wash the ear from a syringe. Use a regular syringe without a needle and warm water for washing. Do not use this method if you suspect injury to the ear or aware of the presence of tympanostomy.

If these methods do not help, if after the removal of the remains in the ear pain, decreased hearing or sensation of a foreign body – see your doctor. First aid for foreign body eye If you caught a big speck, you should take the following:
  • Wash your hands.
  • Flush eyes with clean water or sterile saline solution. Use a small glass or a shot glass, fill it with water and apply to face, plunging in his eyes, and blinked.
  • Go to the shower and direct a peaceful flow of water through the shower to your forehead, while trying to keep his eyes open.
   

If the foreign body has got into eyes of another person:

  • Wash your hands.
  • Put it in a well lit area.
  • Gently examine the eye to find a foreign object. To do this, pull the lower eyelid down and ask the victim to look up. Then lift the upper eyelid and have the patient look down.
  • If the object floats on the surface of the eye with tears – try very gently rinse the eye dropper or light water pressure.
 Attention
  • Do not try to delete the object Vitkovice in the eyeball.
  • Do not RUB the eye!
  • Do not attempt to remove a large object preventing full closure of the eyelids.
 Call for medical help or contact by gravity to the nearest eye Department, if:
  • You can't delete the object.
  • The object stuck in the eyeball.
  • Man with a foreign body is a violation or distortion of vision.
  • Pain, redness or foreign body sensation in the eye persist after removal of the object.
  First aid for foreign body nose. If a foreign object stuck in the nose:
  • Do not enter into a nostril a cotton swab or any other tool
  • Do not try to inhale the object or with the power to vismarkt it. Instead, breathe through your mouth, until the moment of extraction of the object.
  • Try to hold a healthy nostril and very quiet to blow out the nostrils of the patient a foreign body.
  • Ask someone to gently remove the object with tweezers if it is visible. Beware to push it further. If the object is not visible, or it is easy to push deeper – don't try to remove it.
  • Call an ambulance or gravity contact the nearest ENT-Department, if yourself are unable to rectify the situation.
  First aid for foreign body in the skin In most cases, you can easily and safely be able to remove a small foreign body skin, such as a splinter or shard of glass. To do this:
  • Wash your hands and affected skin area with soap and water.
  • Use tweezers, treated with alcohol, to remove the object. A magnifying glass can help you better consider it.
  • If the entire object is under the surface of the skin, take the needle from the syringe or sewing needle (the second you need to handle alcohol). Gently pull or tear the top layers of the skin over the object. Catch it with the tip of the needle and remove with tweezers.
  • Gently squeeze the wound to squeeze out a few drops of blood with microbes trapped inside.
  • Wash that area of skin again, and dry. Apply a topical antibiotic cream.
  • If you failed to extract the foreign body, or it is too deeply penetrated – visit the nearest surgical unit.
 If you decided to go to the surgical Department:
  • Do not attempt to remove the object yourself. This can lead to greater damage.
  • If necessary, stop the bleeding, press the fabric tightly around a foreign body – it would make the edges of the wound.
  • Cover the wound. To do this, put a piece of gauze over the object. Then put a clean cloth on the skin area and gently bandage. Be careful not to push the foreign body bandage deeper.
If the last tetanus vaccination (ADS-m) was introduced to you more than five years ago – consult your doctor on the same day, even after a successful self-extraction of foreign bodies. First aid for foreign body airway If you or your child has inhaled a foreign object as soon as possible consult a doctor, it is very dangerous. In those cases when aspiration of a foreign body causes choking, the American Red Cross recommends the rule of "five and five" for first aid: 1. Apply five strokes on the back. Slightly tilt the victim and knock him to the average force between his shoulder blades with your palm.

2. Make five pushes on the stomach (also known as maneuver Heimlich).

3. Alternate 5 receptions and 5 Heimliche strong Pat on the back a few times to push the foreign body back, or at least to achieve free breathing of the victim.

4. If you are using one as early as possible call an ambulance and continue to provide assistance prior to their arrival. If you have free people – charge is one of them.

 To complete the maneuver Heimlich another person: 1. Stand behind the person. Give him a hug above the waist, but below the lower ribs. Tilt it slightly forward.






2. Squeeze one hand into a fist. Position it just above the navel of the victim.

3. Grasp your fist with your other hand. Sharply with the strength squeeze the abdomen of the victim, pressing his fist up and squeezing the stomach up, if you want to tear man from the land.



4. Run of 5 consecutive thrusts, and then assess the injured person's breathing. If necessary, repeat several increasing effort.

5. In people with severe obesity or pregnant women, the classic technique of the Heimlich maneuver impossible, so you should be taken higher, squeezing the lower part of the chest, not the stomach.

If the person is unconscious, lay him on the floor or hard surface and begin CPR. Before you attempt artificial respiration, check the mouth and throat of the victim with his finger, and if the object is accessible – remove it with your finger. Vision be sure to monitor what you are doing in the person's mouth, beware to push the foreign body deeper. To complete the maneuver the Heimlich maneuver to yourself (if no one is around, or all confused and can't help) immediately dial the number of the ambulance and try to tell them about the incident. Performing Heimlich himself – ineffective procedure, but it's better than nothing. There is some chance that you will be able themselves to push the foreign body from the airway.
  • Press your fist slightly above the navel.
  • Grasp your fist with other hand and press it to a hard surface – a countertop or chair.
  • Fell his weight on the hard surface, pushing your fist inward and upward.
  First aid for foreign bodies of the esophagus If you swallow a foreign object, it usually can safely pass through the digestive system without causing complications, in and out with the feces. But some objects can get stuck in the esophagus (the tube that connects the throat to the stomach). If the object stuck in the esophagus, the victim may need to remove it, especially if it is:
  • Pointed object, which should be removed as soon as possible to avoid further damage to the esophagus and surrounding tissues.
  • Tiny battery in the tablet form because it can quickly cause burns.
  • If the person who swallowed the object, much coughing and can't settle down. If the swallowed object blocks the airway, and the human condition worsens.
 When breathing the American Red Cross recommends the rule of "five and five". 1. Apply five strokes on the back. Slightly tilt the victim and knock him to the average force between his shoulder blades with your palm.

2. Make five pushes on the stomach (also known as maneuver the Heimlich maneuver).

3. Alternate 5 receptions and 5 Heimliche strong Pat on the back a few times to push the foreign body back, or at least to achieve free breathing of the victim.

4. If you are using one as early as possible call an ambulance and continue to provide assistance prior to their arrival. If you have free people – charge is one of them.

If the person is unconscious, lay him on the floor or hard surface and begin CPR. Before you attempt artificial respiration, check the mouth and throat of the victim with his finger, and if the object is accessible – remove it with your finger. Be sure to monitor vision. What are you doing in the person's mouth, beware to push the foreign body further. published

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Source: medspecial.ru/for_patients/25/24539/

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