Glaucoma: what causes and how to prevent the disease

Glaucoma, which is also popularly referred to as "opinion under pressure" is a very serious problem for the health of the eyes.

Know about the precautions will not be superfluous, this will allow you to avoid developing the disease or at least to avoid worsening the situation.

So, read more in our today's article: what is glaucoma and how to fight it?

Glaucoma: what is it?

This eye disease develops gradually and virtually makes itself felt any symptoms. If glaucoma is not treated appropriate methods, then ultimately it can lead to complete blindness of the patient.

Therefore it is very important not to neglect medical examinations to proverete your eyesight at least once a year, this will allow you time to detect disease and preserve your vision.

To understand what is glaucoma, need to know how the principle works and "works" of the human eye.

In the front part of the cornea or the cornea, it is transparent, protects the eyes from external irritants and allows you to enter the world.

Next comes the iris is the colored part of the eye that has the ability to shrink and expand, allowing the pupil (black dot in the middle of the eye) to make a certain amount of light.

The light is directed to the lens and focuses on the retina, there are nerve fibers that are "sent" to the brain with image seen through the optic nerve.

The front part of our eye is filled with a transparent liquid, it is called intraocular fluid (as it fills the space within the eye located between the lens and the cornea). It circulates through the eye, entering from the back camera to the front through the pupil, and then into the bloodstream (via shlemova channel).

If everything is normal, it maintains the desired pressure inside the eye. Thus, the pressure depends on the quantity and speed of flow.

If the drainage system is working properly, the liquid moves freely, does not accumulate anywhere. Intraocular pressure can vary throughout the day, while remaining within the permissible values.

Almost all patients who are encountered in his life with glaucoma, observed contamination or even clogging of the drainage system, causing the liquid to circulate freely.

When it accumulates in large quantities, increases intraocular pressure that can damage the optic nerve, and it is very sensitive, so starts the irreversible process of loss of vision.

As we noted earlier, any symptoms glaucoma does not happen at least until then, until the disease begins to progress quickly and be quite "developed" state.

Then patients may complain of blurred vision, headache or pain in the eye may experience nausea (or even vomiting), may suddenly lose vision or see colored halos around luminous or bright objects.

The risk of developing glaucoma is increased in people after the age of 60 years, furthermore, at risk are people of African descent and immigrants from Latin America (also elderly) and those who over time took steroids, or who have relatives suffering from glaucoma, myopia (myopia), diabetes.

How to avoid the development of glaucoma?

To prevent increased pressure in your eyes, you should regularly check the eyes to make it desirable at any age, notabene attentive to this procedure should be taken after 35-40 years, or if the patient belongs to the risk groups described above.

To determine the intraocular pressure today, there are special surveys. It is very important to understand the following: if glaucoma has already manifested itself and caused vision loss (even partial), then this process has failed to stop, that's why it is better to detect it early and provide timely treatment.

To control the disease is possible with certain medicines, or surgery.

There are other recommendations that will prevent increased pressure in your eyes:

Include in the diet fatty acids omega-3

Foods containing these fatty acids omega-3 (e.g., fish), prevent macular degeneration, the most common cause of blindness.

Eat more green leafy vegetables

The fact that these products contain nutrients and antioxidants that protect the cells of our body from free radicals.

Sources of lutein (with the same abilities) are cabbage, spinach, broccoli, Brussels sprouts and egg yolk.

Avoid consumption of TRANS-fats

These substances cause a host of undesirable consequences in our body, including increase in eye pressure. So try not to eat or to minimize the consumption of processed foods, fried foods, fast food and snacks.

Eat more berries

In particular, cranberries, blueberries and blackberries. All these berries are rich in flavonoids, which strengthen capillaries, responsible for conducting nutrients to eye muscles and nerves.

In addition, they are very tasty and contain no sugar, which means blood won't hurt.

Watch your weight

A healthy lifestyle is very important, it avoids a huge number of health problems, to be more active and feel better in principle.

So don't forget about regular exercise, to accustom yourself to all the healthy and stick to a balanced diet.

Diet to prevent glaucoma

In addition to the products about which we spoke earlier, please note this "vitamin list", which must be present in your diet in order to intraocular pressure remained within the normal range:

Vitamin B1

It is contained in sufficient quantity in such nuts as almonds, walnuts and hazelnuts, whole grains (rice and oats), legumes (beans) and fruits (oranges).

Vitamin A

Vitamin a is good for the eyes, it prevents the development of blindness and improves vision in the dark.

Rich sources of vitamin A are:

  • Spinach
  • Basil
  • Carrots
  • Watercress
  • Tomatoes
  • Pumpkin
  • Watermelon
  • Banana
  • Dandelion
  • Mango
  • Apple
  • Drain
  • Melon
Vitamin C

This vitamin has antioxidant properties. It prevents the development of eye diseases, especially the degenerative type (cataract, glaucoma).

Foods rich in vitamin C:

  • All citrus
  • Kiwi
  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Chestnuts
  • Pistachios
  • Amaranth seeds
The next food to patients suffering from glaucoma or people at risk should be avoided: proteins (red meat) and are biostimulants and energy, like coffee and chocolate.published


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P. S. And remember, only by changing their consumption — together we change the world! ©




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