Space tourism

Recently, that just does not make travel agencies that cater to customers, sometimes rich, and so - wealthy tourists dream fulfilled, and the once little boys dreamed of becoming Yuri Gagarin embody desires in life !!!

The beginning of space tourism flight was an American businessman of Italian origin of Dennis Tito aboard the Russian Soyuz to the International Space Station 28 April 2001 (completion of flight May 6). The crew of the Soyuz TM-32, which flew Dennis Tito, also included Russian cosmonauts Talgat Musabayev and Yuri Baturin.

The second space tourist was a businessman from South African Mark Shuttleworth, a melted ISS April 25, 2002 (the end of the flight May 5). The crew of the Soyuz TM-34, which flew by Mark Shuttleworth, also included Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gidzenko and Italian Roberto Vittori.

During the flights, both paid the Russian Space Agency on the US $ 20 million.

October 1, 2005 to the International Space Station was launched American businessman Gregory Olsen. The landing took place on 10 October. It was originally nedopuschen to fly for medical reasons, but later got permission. The crew of the Soyuz TMA-7, which flew Olsen, also included Russian cosmonaut Valery Tokarev and US astronaut William McArthur.

September 18, 2006 launched the first woman - non-professional astronaut, an American of Iranian origin Anousheh Ansari. The landing took place on September 29. 40-year-old Ansari passed training in Russia and in the heart of Houston NASA. Until the end of August, she remained only understudy Japanese businessman Daisuke Enomoto, also wants to fly into space, but in the end not approved before the flight because of health problems. The crew of the Soyuz TMA-9, which was flying Anousheh Ansari, also included Russian cosmonaut Mikhail Tyurin and US astronaut Michael Lopez-Alegria.

April 7, 2007 began the flight of the fifth space tourist - American billionaire Hungarian-born Charles Simonyi. The landing took place on April 21. For it had been planned experiments for the European Space Agency (study of the effect of weightlessness on blood), as well as its own research program (the effect of radiation). The crew of the Soyuz TMA-10, which flew Charles Simonyi, also included Russian cosmonauts Fyodor Yurchikhin (commander) and Oleg Kotov (flight engineer).

October 12, 2008 began the flight's sixth space tourist - American millionaire game developer Richard Garriott. The landing took place on October 24. Garriott - the second astronaut Owen Garriott father had previously been in space. Garriott - the first space tourist, who performed scientific experiments on the orders of the commercial organizations, in particular on growing protein crystals. For flight Garriott paid $ 30 million, which, according to him, is for the most part of his condition. The crew of the Soyuz TMA-13 ‚Äč‚Äčalso includes Russian cosmonaut Yuri Lonchakov (commander) and US astronaut Michael Fincke (Flight Engineer). Substitutions Garriott was 38-year-old Australian businessman Nick Helik. It is noteworthy that while on board the ISS astronauts were two sons: Richard Garriott and Sergei Volkov.

2 row from left - Owen Garriott (physicist)

Nick Helik

March 26, 2009 began the flight of the seventh space tourist - American billionaire Hungarian-born Charles Simonyi, traveled into space for the second time. The landing took place on 8 April 2009.

September 30, 2009 began the eighth flight of the space tourist - founder and director of the Canadian company Cirque du Soleil - Guy Laliberte. The landing took place on 11 October 2009.

In addition to tourism on the Russian spacecraft, there are also privately financed projects, which for several years trying to develop its own carrier rocket, own spaceships and "orbital hotels" for long-term stay of tourists in orbit.

Even more competing private companies, led by the most-advanced Virgin Galactic and Space Adventures, developing and assigning the technical means for manned suborbital flights. The first such test flight took place on June 21, 2004 on the ship SpaceShipOne. The declared aim of the developers of these projects is to make space travel available for a relatively small fee. June 23, 2008 in Russia began selling tickets for flights spaceship SpaceShipTwo company Virgin Galactic. The cost of one ticket - 5 million rubles (about 200 thousand. $). Sales leads the company Elegant Resorts, representative of the company Virgin Galactic in Russia. The first suborbital tourist flights by Virgin Galactic is scheduled for 2009, by Space Adventures - later. [2] A similar project suborbital flights in 2012 plans to EADS.




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