In the north of Manhattan, it is one of the most controversial residential complexes in New York, entitled "Bridge Apartments." The point here is not in the architectural solutions - it looks quite ordinary four high-rise buildings. The problem is its location - it is just above Highway Transmanhetten-Expressway - one of the busiest transportation roads not only in the US but also in the world. The huge transport interchange linking the George Washington Bridge to Manhattan and the Bronx, a quarter of a million cars and trucks passing here every day, constant noise, exhaust fumes, vibration, and right above it all home to more than 4000 people. Can you imagine a more unfortunate place for housing?
In 1962 he opened a new 12-way stretch of road length of 2, 22 km, linking the who in the same year, bunk George Washington Bridge to the highway Cross Bronx Expressway. This small area has been a major element in the newly built Robert Moses new transport corridor, designed to take cargo and transit traffic from the lower and middle parts of Manhattan. Transmanhetten-ekspressvey included several new interchanges and became one of the key transport infrastructure of the city. As this was one of the first attempts in the US to use the space on the highway. In a small area above the road was built a new bus station and a residential complex consisting of four 32-storey buildings.
In 1960, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, the city transferred the right of the air over the area near the George Washington Bridge. The town sold it at auction for $ 1 million Kratter korporeyshen company, which decided to develop land within the Mitchell-Lama program to build housing for the middle class. Construction began in 1961 and it was one of the first high-rise buildings lined with aluminum. Three years later, in a residential complex began to take root first lucky owners of new apartments.
The complex had to turn deprived areas inhabited by people of low income in the place attractive for the middle class, and become the first positive experience in the development of space above the high-speed highways. Then the question vengeance stirred up the minds of American urban planners, but all attempts to implement a similar project was hampered by the same problem - the high level of air pollution over the road. In order to attract the middle class used the economic mechanism in the form of subsidized loans for buying property in the complex. Air pollution problems have been solved with the help of architects, designers and engineers worked on the project. To this end, the company attracted Brown & Guenther, who offered to build four buildings with central ventilation and facades lined with aluminum panels for the rejection of soot and combustion products remaining in the exhaust gases.
Four 240-apartment building called none other than "the most amazing opportunity for a great New York families" and residents have promised "the most luxurious of the available money." Four-room apartment cost $ 179 per month including all services. On the lower floors were equipped laundry and utility rooms. Near the metro station. At the bottom of a multi-level parking for tenants.