Think of the proverb about the house-fortress, the British did not know about the Russian way of protecting Windows. Thick oak shutters covering the access people dashing to the master's good, turn the frame into an impregnable Bastion. The love of Russians for beauty and harmony is reflected in this element of protection of the home. Carved Staviski become the hallmark of the skilled master, the final exterior decor of the house.
In our days the shutters on the window to give experience a rebirth.
Metal shutters with electric drive is not to everyone's pocket. But to put on the Windows steel or wood blade may be every person who can hold in their hands the simplest tool.
In our review we will look at the types of device and the basic functions of the shutter, and give practical advice on their self-production.
The shutters on the Windows. Design and function
There are several designs of window blinds:
- Combined (shutters, blinds);
- Roller blinds (roller);
- Internal shutters.
Single put shutters on a small window. On one side the door is hinged. Closing is performed with a lock or locking latches that are installed on the inner side of the valves.
Double metal and wooden storm Windows are the most common. Due to the symmetrical arrangement of the paintings of these designs look better than single. They are lockable from the inside (hinged Windows) or on the outside with a lock (remote Windows).
Folded structures are used to protect window openings in a large area. They consist of several wings, pivoting on the hinges when opening and closing.
Blind shutters protect the Windows, but do not let the sun light in the room. Therefore, in recent years popular combo design (blinds). Swivel mechanism allows the slats to adjust the light beam without opening the shutter. So two tasks are solved: natural lighting without compromising the protective function shutter.
Most adjustable designs on the market there are options plate which is not rotated.
Design roll type (shutters) came to us from Europe. Today they are extremely popular not only among owners of shops, warehouses and offices, but also among gardeners.
Compactness, reliability and aesthetics. These three factors are attracted to shutters attention homeowners. Significant disadvantage — the price of these designs. It is higher than in swing.
Relatively recently appeared on the market shutters. They are used for decoration and light control. The level of protection of a premise from penetration of these structures is minimal.
Say a few words about the main functions of the shutter. There are several:
- Energy saving.
In the first place is the task of protecting the building from intruders. In this respect, the shutters are more reliable grids. When properly installed and quality materials, to break them is much more difficult than to cut the anchor pins window grille. In addition, the shutters completely cover the view of the room. Lattice, on the contrary, not stopping to consider the contents of the country house. It is also important that shutters protect window glass from direct impact with a hard object. The efficiency of the grid in this respect is much lower.
Decorative function, the shutter cannot be questioned. Especially evident they have wooden structures, decorate with intricate carvings and curly patterns.
Not everyone is skilled in wood carving. But any handyman can make a beautiful sash using an ordinary Board and jigsaw.
A minimum of materials, a little imagination, effort and original Staviski ready
The metal shutters on the Windows are not as expressive as wood. However, if you use wrought iron decor, they look beautiful and aesthetically pleasing.
Energy saving features also cannot be ignored. It is no secret that the heat leakage from the premises through doors and Windows. Closed shutters significantly reduces heat loss. Energy efficiency of these structures can be improved sash insulated with mineral wool or Styrofoam.
For the manufacture of window shutters are used two materials — wood and metal.
In our day, decorative shutters do not only from metal and wood, but also of metal. This material is dominated by in the field of door and window systems.
Unlike wood, plastic endures inclement weather. It is almost indistinguishable from it in appearance. How to make shutters on the Windows with their hands?
Simple protective shutters can be made on their own. We consider two versions of improvised designs: wood and metal.
For the Assembly of wooden shutters is optimal tongue-and-groove floor Board. Using it, you can do without a complex docking of the elements of the shield, which requires carpentry skills.
The first step is measuring the window opening and transfer its dimensions to the sketch. Immediately you need to determine the design of the loop folds.
There are two types of swivel hitch:
- Swivel one end is hammered into a hole drilled into concrete or brick wall;
- The loop is mounted on the window frame.
1. The usual loop for hanging; 2. The supporting part of the adjustable loop (used for attaching shutters to brick or concrete wall); 3. Hinged part of the loop.
Selecting the appropriate design charge, you can begin to assemble the valves. Cutting off the size sketch of the floor boards, parts of it connect on a "thorn-groove". In order for the Board are not separated, is collected on top of the sash by screws fasten the two transverse fixing straps and one inclined – casino.
The pads screws, attach two of the bolt and lugs for fixing the locking bolt.
On the reverse side of the flaps put of the loop. Putting the sash in the opening, the hinges bolted to the frame with screws. The trim on the window is better to put on top and bottom. When installing the right and left of the frame they will interfere with the opening of the valves.
Now let's see how to make shutters on the Windows with their hands, using metal. The easiest option is making the frame folds from a shaped tube or 10x20 20 x 40 mm and mount it to sheet steel thickness 1,0-1,5 mm.
A carrier frame on which to hang the shutters, you can make from the corner 50x50 mm. It is more convenient to attach to the doorway with dowels.
After measurement of the window opening and preparing the sketch, you can start cutting tubes for the manufacture of frames the shutter. The segments of pipe placed on the workbench, fixed to it with clamps and butt are connected by means of electric welding. The next step is cutting of sheet metal and pressure welding it to the frame. To protect the junction of the valves on one of them you want to weld steel strip (batten).
Making both leaves, you can begin to manufacture the carrier frame from the corner and install the hinges. Attaching the fabric folds to the frame, on the middle edge of the frame is welded steel bolt and eyelet which will include the bolt.
Making sure that the doors freely and without distortions turn on the frame and tightly closed, you can put shutters in the opening. For this purpose, the side parts of the frame need to drill two holes for mounting the wall plugs and the wall to drill holes to install the plastic sleeves. published
P. S. And remember, only by changing their consumption — together we change the world! ©