As it turned out, saturated fats in some dairy products may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.
But other types found in red meat, fried food and alcohol and remain harmful. The experts found that the differences for fatty acids depend on the number of carbon atoms. An even number of 14, 16 and 18 is associated with a high risk of diabetes. And an odd number of carbon atoms: 15 and 17, leads to the protective abilities of the fatty acids.
A scientist of Cambridge, Dr. Nita Forouhi said: "Our results provide strong evidence that individual saturated fatty acids are not harmful.Odd chain saturated fatty good dairy fats, which is consistent with several recent studies, including ours, indicated the protective effect of yogurt and other dairy products against diabetes type 2.
In contrast, the situation for even-chain saturated fatty acids such as 16 and 18, is more complex. In addition to the fat diet, these acids in the blood stimulate the process of consumption of carbohydrates and alcohol."
The researchers observed more than 12 thousand people with diabetes, and the levels of each of the nine fatty acids in the blood of participants was associated with the prevalence of the disease. According to experts, the presence of different types of fatty acids in the blood does not necessarily represent a direct link to diet. Professor Tom Sanders: "As a rule, the size effects of these fatty acids on the risk of developing type 2 diabetes is minimal compared to the effects of excess weight".