Visual memory is developed at each of us in different ways. But to have a good visual memory is very useful, as can be seen in a variety of situations. The ability to remember visual images can and should be trained! When we look at a particular object, in our memory is his visual image. Each of us it will be his. The ability to memorize shape, color of the object and other characteristics depends on how the person is receptive to visual impressions. According to Professor Clive Harper (Australia), visual memory in Australian aboriginal 50% better than the whites, and the part of the brain responsible for it – 25% more. It is the result of the peculiarities of the evolution of ethnicity for over 80 thousand years.
Visual memory and its types
, depending on what details the person plays in the memory of a particular visual image, visual memory is poorly developed, moderately developed and developed to perfection. Most of the people in this respect is in the normal range, which is enough for everyday life. But there are some areas where this is not enough. The special agents, artists, drivers, critics, etc need visual memory is above average.
Train your visual memory, which only weakened, it is desirable not only to them. If you don't want to forget the faces of friends, losing stuff, bad to navigate, the regular training of visual memory will help you keep it.Exercise # 1: the return attention
For this exercise you need to take a comfortable position, relax and begin a detailed look at the hand, trying to peer at her every millimeter. During the execution of exercises to focus on and about anything not to think. If attention is scattered, you need to return it back. Total time for exercise: 10 minutes a day (5-7 seconds a few times a day, changing the angle of view).Exercise # 2: the "dissolved" image
For this exercise, you need to find some object (pleasing to the eye, or neutral, but not TV). It is necessary to look 3-5 seconds without stopping, trying to remember all the details. Then take a breath, close your eyes for 3-5 seconds, hold breath in this moment to imagine the subject. Then mentally "dissolve" its image on the exhale. In this exercise, you can change the options to "erase" the image, speed and rhythm.
Total time for exercise: at least 2 times a day (gradually you can go from 5-7 to 50 exercises in one go).Exercise # 3: try to capture the subject
You need to look at the subject (preferably color) from 3 to 10 minutes. Then you need to close your eyes for 3 minutes and try to reproduce the object in your imagination in the most clear and bright. The attempt should be repeated several times, constantly referring back to the original.
If you learn to clearly imagine the object with your eyes closed, you can proceed to the second stage: look at the item within 3-10 minutes. Then turn around 180 degrees and look at a sheet of white paper (prepare beforehand). Your task is to see the image of the object on it. Once you learn how easy it is to reproduce images of items, you can go to postcards and paintings.Exercise # 4: trying to "catch" what he saw
To complete the task have to suddenly stop and glance at the object in front of you. Then close your eyes and try to recover in your mind what you saw and your condition. With this exercise you can learn to remember the position and play them. Total time for exercise: 10-15 times a day, start with 15-20 seconds, then for 5 minutes.Exercise # 5: take the pictures of passers-by
This exercise is easy to perform on the street. The task is to glance at a passerby ("photograph"), and then close your eyes and imagine how and where he moves. Need to train up until you can easily learn to play the "photographed" image.Exercise # 6: playing with matches
To perform this exercise, you need to ask someone to put on the table a figure from matchsticks and cover with a sheet of paper. Then, the sheet rises to about 1-2 seconds, so you can look at the figure. After that you need to close your eyes and mentally count the number of matches. Then the eyes can open and to try to put matches the same figure.
The final stage of the exercise – to check whether the number matches and the patterns of their placement with the original. After you will be free to build the shape of the 10 matches, you can proceed to the next exercise.Exercise # 7: lay Association
This difficult exercise is also performed with assistance. Prepare for matches (200-300 pieces). Then you need to ask someone from the people close to you to pronounce words with a particular pause (to start in 1 minute), which from exercise to exercise you need to reduce down to 30 seconds. During the pause, you will need to shell out of matches associations that causes the spoken word. The number of words is also possible to gradually increase, leading to 50.
Exercise # 8: try to see the bright
During this exercise, you should try to look at an object, thinking about nothing, trying to memorize it entirely (it was dedicated to the first exercise). You need to look at the whole thing, concentrating on his center. As soon as you have any (any!) idea, you need to close your eyes and imagine this object in the most bright color.General guidelines
for the Exercises given in the order in which they should be performed. After you have correctly perform the first, you go to the next and so on.
Features of visual perception and memory depend on the external environment in which he was born and grew up. The inhabitants of deserts and savannas, dominated by white colour (snow, ice), or perceive and remember the external objects, than the people born and raised in the city or in high altitude conditions.
Yaroslav Kolpakov, a clinical psychologist, candidate of psychological Sciences: "Sometimes poor visual memory may be due to failure of maturation of certain neural structures of the brain or the visual analyzer in children and adolescence. Also the reason for the failure of visual memory or reduce it can be a disorder or disease of these structures of the nervous system. If you notice pronounced changes (failure, lower) visual memory, is recommended to consult a specialist – an ophthalmologist, a neurologist, a neuropsychologist".
Expert: Yaroslav Kolpakov, a clinical psychologist, candidate of psychological Sciences