This article is a step by step guide masonry barbecue made of bricks with his hands. We offer you the option of a BBQ is a structure with double walls, the inner wall surrounding the cooking area, made of heat-resistant refractory bricks, outer wall made of modular bricks.
We chose the brick of a sufficiently large size to reduce the work on the walls. You can use the brick that is at hand, just need to make some adjustments during project implementation.
Air layer thickness 10 cm between the walls helps to insulate the cooking area. Top surfaces are covered with a relatively thin tiles made of processed stone. In places of direct contact with fire, it is recommended to use a refractory clay: it is high-temperature and long time does not crack.
The Foundation BBQ is a depth of 30 cm, a support, a reinforced support plate. Such a Foundation is called "floating", developed taking into account the possible shift when the temperature changes. On local specifications of building codes you can learn from inspector to oversee the construction.Preparatory work
Prepare pad 120×150 cm On the perimeter of the site dig a trench 30 cm wide and 25 cm in depth, Remove 10 cm of soil with remaining in the middle of the trenches of a rectangle and zakruglenie its edge. Install formwork around the site, so in the back she stood above the ground 5 cm, while in the anterior 3.5–4 cm (small bias necessary for the effective discharge of rainwater). Strengthen support five 130 cm pieces of rebar. Two pieces of rebar put in 10 cm from the front and rear sides of the trench; the remaining three evenly position between them. Grease formwork linseed oil or a special release agent and pour concrete.
Once the Foundation hardens, which will take approximately a week, apply a chalk markings, indicating the location of the inner edge of the brick wall. Draw a line 10 cm from the front edge of the Foundation and perpendicular to it, in the center of the site, another one. Symmetrically relative to the centerline, draw a rectangle 60×80 cm, one side of which is the first line.Dry layout the inner layer of bricks
Around the outer side of the rectangle down (without using mortar) the first layer of refractory bricks, leaving gaps in 0.3 cm
Note: correct position of internal walls is necessary to enable them to support the grill. Start by placing whole bricks from the front of the line in the middle of the short wall, lay cut bricks.
Dry layout of the external layer of bricks
Lay the outer wall of the modular brick with dimensions 10×8×20 cm between the bricks Leave a gap of ~1 cm Back wall should go into ~1 cm from the last fire brick left wall. The cut brick should be in the middle of the left wall. Chalk circle the perimeter of the outer wall.
Template for masonry
Make a template for masonry. On a wooden bar, mark the 8 locations, corresponding to the size of the refractory bricks, with a gap of 1 cm for the bottom seam and 0.3 cm for other seams. The upper part of the final row should be at a distance of 90 cm from the bottom edge. Move the top line on the other side of the line pattern. Put 11 rows of modular bricks so that the last row has coincided with a mark of 90 cm (the thickness of each seam should be about 1 cm).Laying the first row of bricks of the inner wall
Put a layer of mortar needed for 1 cm seam along the drawn chalk lines for the inner walls. Lay the first row of fire brick with a gap of 0.3 cmLaying the first row of bricks and the outer wall
Place the first row of bricks of the outer wall. Use oiled 1 cm insert to create the vents after the front bricks of the left and right walls.
Begin the second row of masonry external walls with a half-brick adjacent to the inner wall. The bricks in the second row should be staggered relative to the first row. Alternately, lay the rows of the inner and outer walls, each row after checking the quality of masonry using a template. Scheme of the masonry barbecue made of bricks with your hands you can follow on our instructions accompanying the photos.Metal elements (cords)
Place the metal ligaments between the corners of the inner and outer walls on the second, third, fifth and seventh ranks.
When the mortar has hardened enough to resist minimal finger pressure (check the seams on both walls every few rows), flatten it. For this you will need a special tool for grouting joints. The time when it is time to start pointing depends on the type of solution used.To add supports for the grill
On the fifth, sixth and seventh rows of masonry attach the T-shaped plate, which will serve to support the grates of the grill. Use 10 cm plates with lateral ridges not thicker than 2.5 mm. Position of the plate along the side walls of refractory bricks at a distance of 8, 30, 45 and 67 cm from the back wall.
Covering stone tiles
When you have finished laying the walls, install the top slab of processed natural stone. On the upper surface of the inner and outer wall put a layer of the solution is calculated for a thickness of 1 cm. Lay the overlap of the tiles, one edge of which should be flush with the inner surface of the refractory brick. Make sure that the tiles are level. Treat the joints when the mortar starts to set. After a week, seal the joints between the boards with a special compound and install grill.
The work is finished. Thanks to our step-by-step instructions building of a barbecue made of bricks with your hands you can do something for years to come will be proud of. Left to buy meat and vegetables and invite your friends and family...posted
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