When looking for an answer to the question "who is the richest man of all time," immediately come to mind Bill Gates or Warren Buffet. Although these people are extremely rich, they are far from "dozens" of the richest men in history, who owned a legendary state and had incredible opportunities. On them will be discussed in this review on the Website
Academic.ru In terms of current prices: ~ $ 165 billion
Birthplace of American businessman in the family of an impoverished farmer and boatman in May 1794. The story of Cornelius Vanderbilt is an excellent example confirming the proverb "from rags to riches." At the age of 11 years, Vanderbilt left school to work on a ferry. According to legend, in 16 years, Vanderbilt has owned two private sailing cargo vessels.
By the age of 18, he signed a contract with the United States Government for the supply of ammunition for the army during the Anglo-American War of 1812. By the end of the war, he studied the art of shipbuilding and already owned a small fleet of boats, as well as working capital in $ 10 000. Over the next decade captured Vanderbilt monopoly over Hudson River traffic thanks to its luxurious ships and cheap tariffs.
He further expanded his shipping company on the New - York, Providence and Boston, where he acquired the railroad. By 1846, Vanderbilt was a millionaire, and by 1863 he already owned railway transportation in the New York and Harlem, and later completely bought the New York Central Railroad, and for the first time in the history of having established w / d connections between New York and Chicago.
In 1877, at age 83 Vanderbilt died due to health complications. Today, his fortune would amount (based on the latest prices) nearly $ 165 billion.
Blogspot.com In terms of current prices: ~ $ 168 billion
Basil II (aka Basil Bulgaroctonus) was the Byzantine emperor for 49 years. As the son of the Emperor Romanus II, he was crowned as co-emperor in 960 AD. When Basil II came to power, his main focus was on the expansion of imperial power, both at home and abroad.
He sent troops across Asia Minor and eventually expanded the Byzantine Empire to the largest size for five centuries. Although the state of Basil exceeded $ 168 billion in today's prices, he did not have an heir. After his death, the Byzantine Empire broke up for half a century.
Marcus Licinius Crassus
Drugiegoroda.ru In terms of current prices: ~ $ 170 billion
Marcus Licinius Crassus was a Roman general and politician who not only transformed the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire, but also accumulated quite a large fortune during their lifetime. Rich senator Crassus was brought up from childhood as an aristocrat. He later married the wife of his deceased brother, who provided the alliance between Rome and Sulla. It was at this time, Crassus began to cobble together his fortune.
He bought the house and property of citizens Sullay for a song, and then reselling them for a handsome profit. It is also engaged in the resale of slaves and established a working family silver mines. At the end of his life in 53 BC. e. Crassus owned by the state nearly $ 170 billion (according to modern prices).
Iwordplay.com In terms of current prices: ~ $ 186 billion
Known as America's chief industrialist, Henry Ford radically transformed the production of cars and almost made the industrial revolution in America. Ford was born on July 30, 1863 on his family's farm in Wayne County, Michigan. Since childhood, Henry was interested in mechanics. When he was only 13 years old, his father gave him a pocket watch. Curious boy dismantled them apart and brought them back quickly.
At age 16, Ford went to work as an apprentice machinist in Detroit, where he learned to serve the steam engines and learned accounting. In 1891, the "Edison Electric Company" offered him an engineer. Just two years later, Ford was already the chief engineer of the company.
In 1896 he graduated from the drawings of the horseless vehicle and founded the Ford Motor Company, will soon present the world famous "Model T". Henry Ford died of a brain hemorrhage April 7, 1947, having a state equivalent to about $ 186 billion.
Wikimedia In terms of current prices: ~ $ 188 billion
In 1880, Andrew Mellon seemed all a master of all trades. He was a businessman, banker, industrialist, philanthropist, art collector and the US Treasury. Mellon was born March 24, 1855 in Pittsburgh. At age 20, he began working in his father's banking firm T. Mellon & amp; Sons, and became its full owner in 1882.
The company has continued to steadily grow in size and profitability. Eventually, he began to provide capital for large corporations. By the early 1920s, Mellon was already one of the richest men in the United States, owning $ 188 billion (based on current prices).
Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII 73,926,945
J-times.ru In terms of current prices: ~ $ 230 billion
Osman Ali Khan was born on April 6, 1886 in Andhra - Pradesh, India. In 1911, he succeeded his father in the office of the Nizam (ruler) of the principality of Hyderabad. During his 37-year reign as Nizam, Osman did much for his country, contribute to the development of electricity, railways and roads, air transport and irrigation systems.
Osman also donated a lot of money to educational institutions. By the time he died in 1967, he had seven wives, 42 concubines and state the sum of almost $ 230 billion.
William Henry Vanderbilt 85,017,767
Alleaders.com In terms of current prices: ~ $ 239 billion
William Vanderbilt was born in Brunswick, NJ, and was one of 13 children of Cornelius Vanderbilt, one of the most impressive in the world industrialists May 8, 1821. His father thought he was incompetent in financial matters and sent to a farm on Staten Island. Immediately, William was able to increase farm profitability, and these actions have not gone unnoticed by his father: in 1840 his father sent him to reorganize the w / d Business Long Island Rail Road
William was able to once again turn the loss-making business into a very successful enterprise. In 1877, when Cornelius Vanderbilt died, William stood at the head of his company. In just eight years after the death of his father has died and he, William Vanderbilt. Incredibly, for such a short time as president of the company, he doubled the condition of his family from $ 100 million to an incredible $ 200 million. Today, based Vanderbilt "cost" would be a whopping $ 239 billion dollars.
Wikimedia In terms of current prices: ~ $ 300 billion
Nicholas II was born May 6, 1868 and was the last Emperor of Russia. When his father died in 1894, Nicholas inherited the throne and married the Princess Victoria Alice Helen Beatrice Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt.
Soon they were children, but family happiness was short-lived. In 1917 there was a February revolution, and Nicholas was deposed, and his entire family were shot by the Bolsheviks. Before his death, the monarch's condition was about $ 900 million, equivalent to a modern $ 300 billion.
Andrew Carnegie 72,229,219
J-times.ru In terms of current prices: ~ $ 310 billion
Renowned industrialist and steel magnate Andrew Carnegie was one of the richest businessmen of the 19th century. He was born November 25, 1835 in Dunfermline, Scotland. In 1848 his family moved to the United States and eventually settled in Pennsylvania. In 1853, Carnegie took a job on the railroad in the Pennsylvania office telegraph operator, and later assistant of Thomas Scott.
During this work, the Carnegie has gained extensive experience of the industry and business in general. In 1865 he resigned from the railway business to focus on other sectors, and by 1889 the Carnegie created the largest production company in the world - Carnegie Steel Corporation. In 1901, Carnegie sold his business United States Steel Corporation for more than $ 200 million, which equates to approximately $ 310 billion in today's market.
John D. Rockefeller 19,251,795
J-times.ru In terms of current prices: ~ $ 340 billion
John D. Rockefeller's often called the "father of the oil world." He was born oil tycoon in 1839, and eventually became not only the founder of the Standard Oil Company, but one of the richest people in the world. At the age of 16 Rockefeller he went on to work as an accountant in Hewitt & amp; Tuttle.
At the age of 20 Rockefeller was working with his business partner as a trader. By selling hay, meat, grain and other products, the company earned nearly $ 450,000 by the end of the first year. In 1863 baron opened the first oil refinery, which by 1868 was the largest in the world.
In 1870, Rockefeller created the famous company Standard Oil, which immediately became prosperous. When Rockefeller died in 1937, its assets amounted to 1, 5 percent of the total economic production of America. Today this would be about $ 340 billion.