Science speed chteniya
How much more likely you will have time to do if will read what you have to do in three or five times faster than usual?
Here is a brief overview of the principles of technology «PX Project» - a three-hour cognitive experiment that allows you to increase your reading speed by an average of 386%.
He was held with five native languages, and even dyslexics were able to read at over 3000 words per minute, or 10 pages per minute. Or one page six seconds. For comparison, the average reading speed in the US is 200-300 words per minute (from half a page to a page per minute), and only 1% of the population reads more than 400 words per minute.
If you learn some basic principles of the human visual system, you will be able to eliminate inefficiencies and increase the read speed, while improving the memory.
To perform the exercises listed below and see the result, you will need: a book (over 200 pages), which should be based, not closing, pen and timer (stopwatch or kitchen timer signal will also work). You must perform a 20-minute exercise at one time.
But first, a few observations regarding the specificity of the process of reading:
A) Minimize the number and duration of stops on the line to increase the speed
You do not read whole lines, but rather abrupt movements (jumps). Each of these spikes or temporary stop ends with "image" of the text in the area on which you focus (about 20 cm² surface of the page).
Each pause lasts a beginner ¼ to ½ seconds. To feel this, close one eye and press your fingertip eyelid, and then read the line the other eye - you clearly feel these jumps and stopping.
B) Get rid of returns and unconscious jumps back
We return to novice (conscious rereading) and jumps back (subconscious rereading offset stops) takes up 30% of the time reading.
C) Do the exercises for concentration to increase the coverage of peripheral vision, and the number of words seen for one stop
Newbie while reading using central vision, not peripheral, losing up to 50% of the words of one stop, that is the number of words that can be seen and read in one leap and "captured" for one stop.
Now you can go directly to the exercises. You will learn the most speed reading techniques, use of this technology to increase the speed, and then be able to test yourself in reading comprehension.
To get used to the sequence of exercises, do them separately. Do not worry about understanding the text, if you, for example, increase the speed of learning. The sequence of exercises should be: on the technique on technique with an increase in speed, checking for understanding of the text.
As a general rule you have to train the technique at a rate three times higher than the reading speed you want to achieve. Thus, if you are now reading 300 words per minute, and want to read 900 words a minute, you have to train the technique on speed of 1800 words per minute, or six pages per minute (10 seconds per page).
1. Determination of the original skorostiChtoby determine your current reading speed, take your book to practice (which must lie on a table, do not shut) and count the number of words in five lines. Divide this number by five and you get the average number of words per line. Example: 62 words / 5 rows = 12, 4 you shall be rounded up to 12 words per line.
Then count the number of lines on the five pages and sections on its five to determine the average number of lines per page. Multiply this number by the average number of words per line, and get the average number of words per page. Example: 154 line / 5 pages = 30, 8, rounded up to 31 lines per page. 31 × 12 words per line = 372 words per page.
Mark your first line and read with a timer for exactly one minute, and the read, paying attention to the meaning of the text, and faster than usual. After one minute read, multiply the number of lines read by the average number of words per line to determine your reading speed.
2. Reference and tempVozvrascheniya, jumps and duration of stops can be minimized if you use a benchmark. Did you use a pen or a finger when it was believed the number of words or lines in previous calculations? If so, you had a visual aid, a benchmark for effective and accurate calculations. The speed reading, as elsewhere, a landmark of great importance to increase the speed.
To achieve your goal, use the handle. Keep it in your dominant hand and emphasizes each line (with a closed cap), making sure that what is on the tip of a pen. This will not only guide but also set to maintain a constant rate of speed and to reduce the duration of stops.
Exercise 1: technique (two minutes)
Practice using the pen as a guide and asking her pace. Emphasizes each line, by focusing on the tip of a pen. Do not worry about understanding the text. Read each line no longer than one second, the rate increase at each subsequent page. Nothing should keep you on one line longer than a second.
Exercise 2: Speed (three minutes)
Repeat the previous exercise, but lingers on each line no longer than half a second (two lines per second). Chances are good that you do not understand the meaning of the text, but the main thing now is to maintain the speed and technique - so you train your reflexes perception. Focuses the gaze on the tip of the pen and concentrate on technique and speed. Focus on exercise and not be distracted.
3. The third - expansion vospriyatiyaEsli your opinion focused on the computer screen, you can still accept and sides of the screen. Training peripheral vision to better the perception, you can increase your reading speed by more than 300%. Untrained readers pay up to half the area of peripheral vision on the field, moving from the first word to the last, and spending 25-50% of their time, "reading" in the fields.
For example, let's take the line "Once there were students who enjoy reading for four hours a day." If you can start your reading with the word "have" and finish line on the word "four", you have apprehended four of the ten words of peripheral vision, increase your reading speed.
Exercise 1: technique (one minute)
Use the pen as a guide and ask her pace at a constant speed one line per second. Begin with the first word in a line and finish last. Do not worry about understanding the text. Read each line no longer than one second, the rate increase at each subsequent page.
Exercise 2: technology (one minute)
Use the pen as a guide and ask her pace at a constant speed one line per second. Start with the second word in a line and finish by the end of the second word line.
Exercise 3: Speed (three minutes)
Start with at least a third word from the start line and finish the third word from the end of the line. Repeat on the technique, stopping at each line of no more than half a second.
4. Calculate your new speed chteniyaOtmette first line and read exactly one minute, thus read as fast as you can. Multiply the number of lines read by the average number of words per line, and you'll get your new speed reading.
Congratulations, you have completed a short course on the techniques that can accelerate your cognitive abilities.
The last recommendation: if you use this technique to study, it is better not to read three different texts of the time it would take you to one. Better read a text, but three times to improve the perception and memory, depending on the type of testing.