The speed of information consumption is increasing, and the ability to read quickly becomes a necessary skill. Peter Kamp, the author of the book "the speed reading. How to remember more by reading 8 times faster" which was recently released in the publishing house "Mann, Ivanov and Ferber", explains how to look at text, faster to turn pages and to remember better read.
© Ludwig Mattson
How your eyes work when you read
Before you learn to read by using the hand, you need to understand why you read slowly. And the first thing you should learn is how to work the eyes while reading. They continuously make a small sudden movement. In order to see anything, you need to stop them and for a short time to fix on the object for the purpose of receiving visual impressions. It's like photography.
We were all taught to read words that imply speed is about 240 words per minute, as your eyes need a quarter second to focus on the subject. A simple calculation shows that we read about four words per second, that is 240 per minute.
Back slows down reading speed. It is highly likely that you are reading less than 240 words per minute. Usually we do a lot of retreats, going back and re-ran some of the points that occurs 10 to 11 times for every 100 words of text. This means that the average reading speed is around 215 words per minute.
There are two types of return: conscious and unconscious. Sometimes you may find that you do not quite well understand the text, so decide to go back and reread it. It is a conscious return, there is nothing particularly wrong with it. It may not be the most effective method for improving reading comprehension, but certainly one of the options. Unconsciously the return is due to the fact that when you learned to read, you have formed bad habits. It occurs when the eyes unconsciously wander along and come back. Understanding how to get rid of this habit — the first step to mastering speed reading.
Materials: any easy book; a device to control time (e.g. a wristwatch or a clock in the computer).
Objective: to learn how to read faster by getting rid of the habit to go back.
Open the book anywhere you want to start, and with my hand read as much as you can in 3 minutes. 1 put a mark where you left off. Go back to the beginning and read the same thing, take yourself over 3 minutes. Try to accelerate and move forward the set of digits 1. If you succeed, make a new mark — 2. Go back to the beginning and read the text again in 3 minutes, making it a little faster. You already know this passage, so you should be able to increase the speed. After 3 minutes, mark 3, if you managed to advance further than before. Re-read the text again, trying to read the maximum possible amount of text in 3 minutes. Make a new mark 4, if you could go a step further. Finally, read a new excerpt from the book (if you want, start with the mark 4) for 3 minutes. Don't forget to use the hand. When you have finished, make a new mark, Calculate the speed of reading the last passage of the text between the marks 4 and 5. To do this, follow the following steps: a) find the average number of words in the string;
b) count the total number of read lines;
C) multiply a) by b) to find the total number of the read words;
d) divide C) by 3 to get the number of words per minute.
Calculating the speed of reading, record it in the progress report.How to use read hand
to use a hand to speed read, you first pull the index finger. Then slide your finger tip along each line of readable text under the line of words. When the finger reaches the end of the string, lift it about a centimeter, quickly move to the next row and start the process again. While at first it may seem a little uncomfortable, you quickly get used to it. And almost immediately as soon as it becomes to use the hand while reading, your speed will start to increase. This is due to the fact that in this way you eliminate unconscious return. In fact, this alone helps to increase speed on average by 10-20%. But to achieve this, the right training.
Materials: any book.
Objective: to learn how to do the first study the arm movement smoothly and automatically.
Train in a few minutes to do arm movement (underline index finger) on a conventional, meaningless text, is given at the end of this exercise. Stretching out his forefinger, moving your hand under each line in one second. To "read" each line, say: "Time." Raise the finger in the end of each line and quickly transfer it to the next, each time counting out loud. When you're finished "reading" of this passage, start it again and continue so as long as your movements will not be smooth, and brought to perfection, without jerks. You don't need to think about what you are doing, just look at these meaningless words. Training on meaningless text conditional text
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Three stages of mental utterance zloumyshlennika saying in its development goes through several stages. At first, young readers usually do move their lips without making audible sounds. It's easy to control. If you have a habit, as long as you get rid of it, or hold a pencil in your teeth when you read or accustomed to a hissing a whining sound similar to the sound of a boiling kettle. Usually it takes no more than a few days.
The next stage is already reading without moving their lips, but their larynx (men — Adam's Apple) moves in the same way as during a conversation. This habit can also be got rid of with self-control, and it's actually not such a serious problem. The last stage is the mental utterance of the words himself, without any accompanying physiological manifestations. Regardless of give you know it or not, most likely, you do it.
Exercise 3Материалы: any simple book of your choice; the device for time control.
Goal: to learn to see more than one word at a time.
Read the new material for 3 minutes using the hand. Mark where stopped. If you wish to calculate the reading speed. Read the same passage again for 3 minutes. If you finish before the time expires, go back to the beginning and start reading the passage again. Practice reading the same passage for 2 minutes. You must get to your notes. Perhaps at this stage you will not be able to read every word, but it doesn't matter. Just move your finger over the text fast enough to get through the text before the expiration of 2 minutes and allow your eyes to follow the hand. Practice reading the same text for 1 minute. Remember that you must reach the end of the passage is strictly in the allotted time. Read a new passage for 3 minutes, starting with the end of the text that you used for training. Mark where you finished reading, and calculate the speed as follows: a) find the average number of words in a line;
b) count the total number of read lines;
C) multiply a) by b) to get the number of read words per minute (as you read in 1 minute, no need to divide the result
C) the number of minutes).
Calculating the speed of reading, record it in the progress report. published
P. S. And remember, only by changing their consumption — together we change the world! ©
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