Special Forces are now in virtually all countries, even the little ones. For example, in the microscopic island nation of Nauru in the Pacific Ocean in the special forces is already ... three people. But, of course, all over the world recognized that the most highly professional, efficient and numerous special forces - in Russia and the United States.
The motto of the US Special Forces - De Oppresso Liber («free from oppression"), which reflects one of the basic tasks of special forces US foreign military training. That is, even on the basis of the motto, it is easy to conclude that US Special Forces is, in fact, in the first place to foment wars "oppressed" outside of their own country ... But in the number of problems solved by the Russian special forces units - direct the conduct of hostilities, special reconnaissance, counter-terrorism, search and rescue operations, participation in peacekeeping and humanitarian operations, mine clearance. That is our commandos even by definition, do not participate in the "export of war».
History of American and Russian special forces began almost simultaneously. In 1952, with the formation of a special group of employees created during World War II Office of Strategic Services (OSS), and appeared in the 1947 CIA. October 24, 1950 was signed by the Minister of War the Soviet Union directive №ORG / 2/395/832 with the "classified". It marked the beginning of the creation of special purpose units (deep exploration or prospecting for special purposes) for action in the deep behind enemy lines.
Unofficial hallmark of the US Army Special Forces beret became dark green. In our own special forces beret color depends on the type of forces to which they are assigned. After Russian special forces units exist in almost all power structures of the Russian Federation - the Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Defense, the FSB, SVR, GRU, Federal Drug Control Service (order "Thunder") and even the Ministry of Emergency Situations (Center for Special Operations Special Risk "Leader»).
About Army US Special Forces during the war in Vietnam was filmed the movie "The Green Berets", and has since consistently show special forces troops in many films and computer games (eg, Operation Flashpoint). Only 20 percent of the official budget of US special forces (and billions of dollars) spent exclusively on "propaganda" that is, to increase the "cool" image of rangers worldwide. And the entire budget of Russian special forces goes only to increase the level of combat training of soldiers. If a movie about him and removed, it is exclusively from extrabudgetary sources.
US Special Forces literally blossomed with the arrival in the White House of President John Fitzgerald Kennedy. In 1961, he ordered the state to increase the "Green Berets" and cook them in accordance with the concept of guerrilla warfare. According to Kennedy, modern wars are wars, sabotage and ambush and guerrilla infiltration. Kennedy said that the United States should be units capable of conducting guerrilla operations anywhere in the world. Since then, the cost of the Rangers - "untouchable" point the US military budget, it can not in any way reduce even legitimate majority of Congress.
It is among the "Green Berets" at Kennedy appeared the first unit of psychological warfare, using cultural and psychological characteristics and traditions of different peoples. When Kennedy "Green Berets" and took baptism of fire. By order of the President, they began to act as military advisers and spies, saboteurs in South Vietnam and Africa. Now, the next "Green Berets" are found throughout the world - where being unjust war ...
Americans have always considered their fighters of special units of the best in the world. As far as this statement is true, it is difficult to answer. And it's not just because most of the operations of special forces openly advertised, but also because few people know about what specific special units are part of the US armed forces. The structure of the units of special forces of the Russian Federation published in the open press.
After the operation to destroy bin Laden America will not cease to admire their "seals" and other units of special forces. But while American citizens are proud and enthusiastic about the commandos, the cost of financing Special Operations Command (CSR), which includes the Rangers, constantly increasing due to budget cuts of other types of armed forces. Tremendous pace and replenish the ranks of the US Special Forces soldiers CSR - now there are about 70 thousand people. Besides the "sea lion", "Green Berets" and "Marine snipers" of the forces of CSR includes other, no less important, special purpose units.
It is for the US Special Forces of the most bloody episodes. For example, during the peacekeeping mission in Somalia by US special forces were "just" killed hundreds of people. American "marine snipers' left a" indelible memory "in the liquidation of mass unrest on the island of Haiti. Such examples are dozens if not hundreds of ... At the same time about the Russian special forces, no one can say anything "bloody" - neither the UN nor the governments of different countries, or even the Americans themselves. It was on his commandos expects Washington to form a military concept that America will unleash hands and will help you find all over the world because she needed money today for the restructuring of the US economy, which has long been standing in front of the global crisis ... But in the Russian military doctrine is purely defensive. We do not need someone else!