What tvoriti under our feet?






1. In the XVI century on the corner "of the street from the barbarian gate to Ivanovo Monastery" and "high street to Yauzskaya goal" rich merchant Nikitnikov was arranged Salt fish yard. Here are stored and traded salt and its special grade - potash (potassium carbonate) and salted fish. The ensemble had a vast courtyard obstroenny Warehouse (barns) and shops. The main gate of notes high tower with guard, and a number were still alone, small gates. Street windows on the first floor was not - to protect against thieves. Retail shops have separate entrances. Barns for storing salt were arranged with vaults, supported by strong pillars. Perhaps they had a basement, is not inferior to the overground area.




2. Over the years, the names found nearby streets - Salt and Big Ivanovsky lane (in 1961 renamed the street Zabelina). In 1912, considerably dilapidated barns and stalls former salt yard began to dismantle for building a profitable home. When they began to excavate, find the treasure. In jars were hidden 13 pounds (about 200 kg, almost half a million pieces) coins since the reign of Ivan the Terrible, Feodor Ivanovich and Boris Godunov. Coins, apparently, is the gain of the Salt court over some period, hidden and forgotten in the Time of Troubles. In the process of greedy division of this wealth was injured construction contractor. Who appeared on the noise policeman withdrew only 13 pounds (7 kg, 9000 coins), but also those subsequently returned finder, after inspecting them Archaeological Commission.




3. For the construction of houses Moscow Merchants company bought from different owners of land of irregular shape and has announced a competition for the best project. The winning team of architects: VV Sherwood, IA Herman and AE Sergeyev. They did what was required to developers: the most densely used the intricate shape of the plot, built up building both upward and inward. The house was decorated in a neoclassical style stucco, incongruous coming out in the courtyards, located in a luxury apartment windows to the same.




4. But the most interesting feature of the house is hidden from prying eyes. It's incredible size basement with high arches, wide corridors, where can easily disperse two cars, and a plurality of internal premises. Group "Modellmiks" was performed a magnificent model of one of the buildings of the house along with all the basement in 1: 100 scale. For whom was made this layout and where he is today - is unknown, but the pictures give an idea of ​​the immensity of the underground part of the house.




5. And the basement looks in comparison with the surrounding landscape. It occupies the entire space under the hull houses, courtyards and a wide internal drive.



6. Road entrance is located in the eastern part of the basement. Inside laid wide tunnels that go on doorways Uncounted halls, rooms and closets. Deep in the basement hiding various mazes stairs to the upper floors of the house.



7. After the revolution, the house was transferred to the People's Commissariat of Railways. In the 1970-1980's basement house was used as a garage for the police cars, but because of the high humidity are deteriorating rapidly. In restructuring garages gave residents home, and in 1990 settled here huckster, interrupt numbers and disassemble stolen cars. In 2002, two digger made a rough plan of the basement. If you compare it with the above scheme, it is seen as a bit of space they were able to describe, but the efforts of the guys certainly deserve praise.



8. There are also photos of a visit Soljanki in 2002. Then the system was flooded ankle-deep everywhere were broken machine and climb was through the broken grate automobile entry. Inside you can get without problems, and use than many diggers, Igrunov, bums.



9. And the car looks entry in 2014. After another arson attack in one of the squats patience of local public utilities are overcrowded and they are welded shut metal sheets notorious bars. Since then login greatly hindered.



10. Inside probrosheno temporary lighting. Wide ramp descends gently to the basement level.



11. At the end of the ramp is the first fork in the road where several tunnels converge.



12. Code of vast hall supports massive columns. Brick walls, floors of steel beams and concrete - construction technology early XX century.



13. Walk along the wide corridors of the leave at the end of the story, and now delve into the maze of basements.



14. The basement walls have a thickness of about one meter, but in many places were built brick walls are thin, blunt rooms for small closets and cubbyholes, littered with decades of garbage.



15. Often in the ceiling caught walled openings. Some of them are used for natural daylight basement, part - for cargo delivery.



16. While in the long Solianke not found huckster, here and there preserved skeletons rotting crumpled cars.



17. Most garages are thrown together to fill them with the property.



18. No lighting here, of course, did not survive.



19. Place the basement was divided into two tiers of lesser height, housed warehouses and workshops.



20. Often there are stairs to the upper floors, now largely overlapped.



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22. The interesting part of the system - a few rooms, recently renovated and leased certain company.



23. This brought all communications, office furniture set. Understandably, the work in this crypt without sunlight was extremely uncomfortable, and soon the room emptied. Last time there were people here in the New Year's Eve.



24. To the room is not lost, as well as to avoid coordination with the architectural firm established by the Commission are external blocks their air conditioners.



25. However, there is a "dark" side Soljanki. Here, as in any other cellar, numerous communications converge home. The sewer system is in disrepair, so the system is flooded by sewage. In one of the rooms was discovered the following picture: the top of someone taking a shower, and the water pours into the room fun out of the socket rusty pipe. Smells like soap and shampoo, almost as in the bathroom, if not to take into account the persistent "flavor" of feces, with deliveries to the basement earlier.



26. Here are numerous communications with hot and cold water. Because of the constant leaking pipes worn in places the floor is flooded ankle deep, we can only move through the mountains of garbage.



27. Pipes extend through the entire system.



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29. In the center of the communication system linked to a huge heat uzlel.



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31. Hovering about trash from the basement is almost taken out, and only a bulldozer raked in distant areas.



32. As a result, in the corridors of relatively pure, whereas the passage in the side room is covered by mountains of bricks interspersed with bottles.



33. Type of long tunnels with arched openings is a majestic sight.

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34. Hanging here and there light bulbs create an atmosphere of mystery.

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37. In a concrete vault skylights were provided, in which the cells were equipped with special prism disperses sunlight.

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38. The windows looked out on the roadway, they are now paved, prisms broken and lost.

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39. From the water dripping from the ceiling to the floor formed ice stalagmite, "icicles vice versa».

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40. The main corridor terminates an aperture huge cluttered steel cupboard.

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41. Behind them lies a vast hall with an inspection pit. Judging by garlands, once it was the perfect time to celebrate the New Year. Now the frame can get a well-known Petersburg researcher abandoned facilities.

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42. Not far from the street Zabelina corridor turns at a right angle towards Solianke.

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43. From this point viewed through barely half of the system.

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44. Basements Soljanki - unique engineering object of his time and historical monument. From it could get, for example, a great exhibition space, Gallery of Modern Art or the Museum of History. However, this will require huge investments, for decades stood abandoned cellars, most of the side rooms littered with debris and flooded with water. Needed overhaul, but who will do it and at whose expense - is not clear.

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45. A time for us to stay in this wondrous place has come to an end. After making the last frame, we threw in the legal space, dissolving into the evening crowd weary citizens.

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Source: deletant.livejournal.com

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