The city on the Dnieper River.
The favorable climate and good geographical location of Zaporizhzhya attracted people from time immemorial. The earliest primitive people in the river valley of the Dnieper belong to Middle Paleolithic era. In the late XV - early XVI centuries owners of the land for the Dnipro rapids began Zaporozhye Cossacks. Inaccessible Island Khortytsya became one of the centers of formation of Cossack troops - a formidable force in the struggle of the Ukrainian people for independence. It Zaporozhye Cossacks first to create in Ukraine a political formation with all the trappings of the republic.
At the end of the XVIII century. land south of Ukraine became part of the Russian Empire. In 1770, at the mouth of the river Wet Moskovka fortress was laid, and named Alexander - in honor of the commander of the first Russian army of Prince Alexander Golitsyn.
K1806 year Aleksandrovsk became a county town Ekaterinoslav province. Introduced mayor post opened post office, city council acted, the county clerk and the lower courts, the county treasury, noble guardianship lawyer, surveyor, a doctor with two assistants and a midwife. At the same coat of arms was approved Alexandrovska: "In a green field, cross delivered two rifles with bayonets. In the crimson black bow with three arrows, facing down, signify the strength of our arms and the weakness of the forces of Tatar. "
Its modern name of the city inherited from recalcitrant Dnieper rapids. Threshold, which curbed in the 30s of the last century, the builders of the Dnieper.
emblem of Zaporozhye
In 1921 Aleksandrovsk was renamed in Zaporozhye. The city became one of the polygons, where embodied the strategic plans of industrialization of the country councils. The rapid development of the economy and culture of the region was interrupted by the Second World War.
The post-war revival of Zaporizhzhya industrial complex - the Dnieper, and ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy received the status of All-Union building.
Today Zaporozhye - the regional center of Ukraine with a population of over 800 thousand. Man. The industrial potential of the city occupies the 3rd place in Ukraine. Products Zaporizhzhya enterprises are in demand not only in the CIS but also in Europe.
Zaporozhye - a region of enormous potential, one of the main centers of economic, technological and intellectual potential of Ukraine.
Oak, near which the Cossacks wrote a letter to the Turkish sultan
In the village of Upper Khortytsya is the famous 700-year-old oak. As history shows, Zaporozhye oak for centuries been a place of pilgrimage for millions of people. Aramaeans, Iranians, Turks, Bulgarians, Serbs, Croats, Hungarians, Khazars, Cumans - this is not a complete list of peoples who settled around the miracle tree. Some experts who study the mythology of the world, of the opinion that the Zaporozhye oak - this is actually "World Tree" and it is located on the edge of Ukrainian crystalline shield. According to the ancient scriptures, the world tree is the center of the world, or the world axis. In Norse mythology it is on a similar tree kept the whole world, combining a Celestial abode of the gods and the land where people lived.
By the way, the Cossacks his legendary wrote a letter to the Turkish sultan was under this oak. During its "heyday" Diameter crown green oak Zaporozhye was 63 meters, the length of the circumference of the barrel - 6 meters 32 cm, tree height - 36 meters. It is said that Hitler wanted to take him to Germany as a symbol of his power.
Oak was so
Zaporozhye oak has always been one of the most important monuments of the Cossacks.
so it became. Only one branch still gives rise
The largest river island in Europe
The pride of Zaporozhye - Khortytsya island, the largest island on the Dnieper River. He had a prime location - in front of the rapids, flooded back. It is located in the 16th century one of the Sich.
Zaporizhzhya Sich in a long time was the center of the military forces of the Ukrainian Cossacks and all the people; It played a significant role in the liberation struggle of the Ukrainian nation. Now there is a lot of tablets, reminiscent of the Cossacks and the historical past of the island. In the south of the island - a smooth, center - Garden, in the north - the forest steppe areas, rest homes. In the north-eastern part is a tourist beach. There are permanent tents tourists (especially on weekends).
Mound on about. Khortytsya
Available here cliffs attract climbers from other cities for training. Most competitions are held. Museum of History of Zaporizhzhya Cossacks - in the northern part of the island. On the island with a beautiful view of the dam the Dnieper, which also occupies a place of honor sights of the city, here in the engine room even lead tours.
right bank. Left on. Khortytsya
The most unique dam on the Dnieper
Giant Dam is located right in the center of the city, which at the time marked the beginning of the industry of whole regions and cities of Ukraine.
View from the island
Night view of the Dnieper, which glows yellow-blue light, captivates many tourists, and the museum, which shows the construction of the Dnieper, diorama construction of the century and commemorative panels, will impress even the native citizen. In addition to that already collected in Zaporozhye in 1700 exhibits a period of erection of the Dnieper: helmets builders, photos, autographs Kirov, Ordzhonikidze, and other rarities.
By the way, Ukraine is the only hydroelectric power station in the city center with trolleybus traffic through the dam.
The longest avenue in Europe
The longest in Europe, Lenin Avenue - about 12 km. It runs from the railway station Zaporizhzhya-1 to the dam of the Dnieper. It is, of course, and the main street. It is necessary to pass a few hundred meters towards the center of the city, you will find yourself in an atmosphere quite different from the one in which we are accustomed to living. Particular attention is drawn to the building, decorated with stars, ears or laurel wreaths, huge marble and granite columns and plaster statues of the heralds of communism.
Residential buildings in the architectural originality is not inferior to such giants as the names of the Magara Theatre and Concert Hall Glinka. On the avenue, you can find a variety of restaurants and shops to suit every taste and budget. Especially since Lenin Avenue is not only the historical center, there is a large part of the administrative buildings, schools and cultural institutions. Heart of the city - this is his avenue. If you want to know the inside Zaporozhye, leave his biggest street.
Of course, this is just a small part of the historical city of Zaporozhye. That information and photos Number of hard to fit in one post, in that those who have the desire and who was living here - I beg to supplement!
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here a little bit about. Khortytsya