Do not break, 17 photos, and text.
Art cars began to improve in our country with the equipment Zaporozhtsev turbocharged and came to decorations Mercedes rhinestones Swarowski. Sometimes the Russian tuning embodied engineering breakthroughs, and sometimes it can be called a manifestation of love for the unconventional car. Recall the main milestones of the Russian tuning.
1970-1989. Tuning in the USSR
Derogatory nickname of "penny" will appear later, but from the beginning it was the "first model", "unity" and for many of the most unique. We buy it for decades, more precisely, an alliance with it for life. And care for it as for the love of life. So in the USSR appeared tuning.
Even during the wildebeest domestic motorist I had to be able to repair and bring to mind your own transport. In the 70 years motorization of the country goes to a new level. The first private car becomes an achievable dream for millions of our fellow citizens, but service stations are sorely lacking. Magazine "At the wheel" in each issue publishes instructions for repair, for example, how to disassemble the door panel to fix windows. At the same time begin sheathing panels velvet ... In general, one who has learned to repair the car, itching to improve it.
Steering wheel, effective seat covers, curtains and transparent plastic handle with a rose in CPR - first the Soviet motorists are not many opportunities to give the car a sham personality. But in a country with so many engineers and "rukastogo" working-class finishing vypendrezhem vehicle accompanied by another kind. Small technical findings, know-how or simply improvised dopoborudovaniya - that is competing national guru of tuning in the days when even the word itself in the Russian language did not exist. Modern driver is probably not guess why you need such a device as "antifara." Quote: "The official name of this small flashlight with a blue (violet-blue or purple-blue) glass - protivoslepyaschee device. "Antifara" is set near the windshield, and when you turn generates a bluish light background, through which the eye by about a quarter will adapt after a glare headlights oncoming car "(" Your friend - the car, "Moscow, Publishing DOSAAF, 1988 g of.).
The benefits of "antifary" seems to have never been proven, but the surrounding see: here goes an advanced motorist.
Some types of serious technically tuning originated in the Soviet years. For example, the equipment of the motor home-made (!) Turbocharger. Fashion at the bifurcated exhaust system, derived the left and right under the rear bumper, appeared in our country during the Soviet era. But most of the innovators while experimenting with a simple solution: let's say, in the rear springs pushed tennis balls, which supposedly improves the characteristics of the suspension. They fell to pieces after a few tens of kilometers, but that few people bother.
Craftsmen extremists seeking solutions, which have no analogues in the world, with some details for polishing motors even went into production at the underground tsehovikov and sold around the shops with hand parts. For example, the magnetic shims under the carburetor or magical cones "Boot Co." - something like a thimble with holes, which should be installed under the carburetor for better fuel atomization. Experts "Driving" in conjunction with the US even had a bench test of this invention, proving that nothing but the power reduction and increasing fuel consumption, this device does not.
Some are experimenting with liquefied gas. No, it's not about the installation of LPG equipment, allowing (as today) to use gas instead of gasoline, and about the same time (!) To supply gasoline and gas cylinders.
Another common myth was associated with the idea of injecting a small amount of water cylinders, which increases the octane number and allows the earlier ignition. Samodelkin put under the hood of a conventional one-liter jar with a tight lid and tubes like a hookah. The air before you get into the intake manifold, passed through the water, which the pair allegedly reduced detonation.
Today, sitting in the cabin "charged" machine often see that the front panel, like a Christmas tree, hung with additional pressure indicators turbocharging, oil temperature and other parameters of the car's systems. The same can be seen in "The Cossacks' 80s: voltmeter, ammeter, tachometer (the usual unit until a certain time is not considered mandatory in domestic cars and foreign cars in).
Sensible motorists, of course, limited to more modest and less controversial modifications: for example, the installation of redundant brake lights for the rear window.
1990-1999. Mass insanity
On my 18th birthday my friends presented the institute "sport" steering wheel. They knew that in two weeks I will take the exam on the right, and chances are good that the pope then give me the "six", and the then change in the brand new "nine". In the 90 years of full-time thin bagel VAZ "classics" did not meet the ideas about what the steering wheel must be the machine. These are my classmates realized 100%. So the need for easy tuning was as obvious as the need to pour gasoline into the tank.
In the 90 years of their domestic models in serial form is almost not satisfy anyone, but many are convinced that under certain efforts of the Russian machine can be almost a foreign car. Such luxuries like air conditioning, alloy wheels, high-quality audio and decent noise isolation in Ladakh, Moskvich and Volga he has never been - and, finally, in our country there is additional equipment and accessories market. But many people already understand that all of this - only the first stage of finishing machines and knowledgeable motorists begin to operate with such concepts as the seat Recaro, wheels BBS, brakes Brembo, and some even know what is different from the spoiler wing.
The Russian circuit racing debut in black and yellow "eight" Miller Team Pilot, featured an effective aerodynamic body, and the dream of becoming owners of VAZ products such great bumpers. In order that the dynamics and comfort - not the strongest part of our cars, their owners can still somehow be reconciled. But featureless and old-fashioned style of serial copies - this is in any gate. Moreover, debuted in 90th VAZ "ten" because of its design proved to be perhaps the main disappointment of the Russian car industry. If the model family "Samara" good-naturedly called "chisels", the Togliatti novelty for its swollen form not hiding disdain styled "the pregnant antelope».
Designed to disguise its shortcomings tuning bumpers, sills, moldings on the side, however, quality aerodynamic kits are rare until the late 90s. In a desperate attempt to make the shape of the car "cooler" owners tinted glass "in the trash," fasten to the headlights "cilia" or "points", change the white yellow turn signals ...
Then came the fashion bully ass machine by inserting a spacer into the suspension. It seemed that this gives it an "aggressive" appearance, when in fact the characteristics of the chassis work changed only for the worse. About any sporty handling could not walk and talk. If in the 90s were in fashion inflated Lada, then ten years later the trend will unfold 180 degrees: motorists en masse will rasp spring to understate the car. Clearly, the reduced suspension travel does not allow it to work out fine irregularities, and in this case, is sacrificed and handling, and comfort. But fashion is fashion, and in particular it has spread in the southern regions. There was even a saying: the higher the mountain, the lower the Priory.
Motorists experienced brush away a nostalgic tear, remembering the names of tuning firms "Lada Engineering" and "Torgmash." These firms pay little attention to the empty embellishment, but took up finishing machines seriously, taking advantage of the achievements of the racing projects. Their efforts "nine" and "ten" received the forced motors, sports suspension and powerful brakes. These pros squeezed out of VAZ "nine" order forces against the 73 125 hp from the production version, the machine equipped with a limited slip differential, non-standard wishbone front suspension and a swivel and powerful stabilizer bars. Joints suspension components are assembled on-metal spherical joints and brakes - disc "in a circle." The cost of such tuning is 2-3 times higher than the price of the car itself. What you get at the output?
Unfortunately, not much. Under ideal conditions, these devices produced from zero to 100 km / h in 10, 5 and could barely dial 180 km / h. This compares with figures of today's Renault Logan 1.6, which is, of course, on the laurels of a sports car does not apply.
In the second half of the 90 experts of the newspaper Autoreview not only tested at the site different variants of tuning VAZ cars, but even themselves are taken for the creation of an "ideal" VAZ-2110. The whole article devoted to the urgent problem of many: to replace a steering wheel of a full-time unprepossessing - Momo, Sparco, SWM, Nardi ...
2000-2013. Sound of Chrome
In the XXI century, it was the epoch of the Russian tuning glamor, R'n'B and never seen before Ponto. Moscow has not one or two companies creates a stunning luxury car interiors.
In rhinestones Mercedes, BMW with the "gold" of the body and Hummers on 30-inch wheels express the main trends of the Russian tuning in the XXI century, however, there are also original projects
By the time the newspaper has long been closed Autoreview heading "Tuning". This decision can be seen symbolic gesture: a serious expert auto ought not to cover up for what has become a Russian tuning - crowd pathetic macho patsanmobilyah. We techies Vintage cars prokachannye "zero" caused a complete disappointment. But as the tuning subculture really only started to gain momentum. In the country there are dozens of major studios, performing high-budget projects, festivals automotive exotica attract tens of thousands of visitors, a large number of trained seriously devices come to our country from abroad.
Domestic office put on stream "luxury" Hummers. The fact that the serial car interior is decorated with mediocre plastic and not the most expensive leather, and in the Russian company, interior completely redone. Instead of the usual sofa back by the client can deliver ... the bed!
On our streets go shocking the cars, a hair's breadth similar to the heroes of films series "Fast and Furious" and game Need For Speed. Fans patsanmobiley can already afford a lot, and in Russia there are even special offices providing agency services: through them, you can organize the construction of the car on special order in various establishments of the world, as well as the shipping and customs clearance. Podyschet company in the US secondary market suitable donor car, send it in, say, California company ASM, which realize all the wildest dreams of the Russian customer, and then bring the unit to our country and solemnly handed the lucky owner.
This Nissan 350Z has a 510 hp under the hood Crazy thrust causes the body fairly shudder when shifting under a spiteful sibilation compressor. Punch, kick, punch, did not have time to look back - is 200 km / h ... Nissanovsky aspirated V6 acquired compressor with intercooler, which made it possible to achieve power comparable to supercars. And in addition the mass of the car radically reduced: the roof and hood of carbon here, but somewhere easier and power elements of the body structure. This could reduce its rigidity and degrade drivability, but not in this case: the salon integrated safety cage and underneath the hood and under the added reinforcing brace. It is alleged that the redesigned sports car weighs about a ton
Some domestic master copy techniques of Western and Japanese tuning, while others go their way, for example, created a unique project on the basis of Soviet classics. More precisely, in its grounds. Hardly anyone left untouched project Volga V12 Coupe Avtolak company that is a hybrid of "twenty-first" Volga and sports coupe BMW 850 CSi. Outside - Perfect Style 50, and the engine and chassis - in the best traditions of Bavarian recent years. Subsequently, the same will be convertible on the basis of "Six» BMW, and later - absolutely insane project based on the Cayenne.
Taking the body "twenty-first" Volga, Moscow masters him deeply processed: the car much longer, wider and lower than the original model. The quality of fitting all the elements - at altitude. But beauty - almost exactly like a BMW, only the whole pereshito. According to rough estimates, the cost of the project - under half a million dollars
Effectively and at the same time relatively affordable means to improve the appearance of the cars began to airbrush. Hundreds of artists all over Russia in a measure of taste are beginning to come up with a variety of themes and patterns to decorate the car. Hieroglyphics, flowers, animals - these typical motives twin the airbrush tattoos, but there are also unusual ideas.
Airbrush addicted owners rather not cheap cars, and owners mass models. Recently even more often, because it is so important for them to stand in the general stream. The artwork on the sides of the machine, as many think, raises its status
Moscow company "Obukhov" tuning Volvo started practicing back in the 90s - long before it acquired the status of an official dealer of this brand, and for some reason its specialists are always gravitated to the style of "military". In the new century, they have continued to develop this idea, a typical example of their work - "Military» Volvo S60R. Of course, this project is not only interesting camouflage coloring. The fact that the Obukhov always sought to combine sports cars in the quality and preparation for light off-road. And their first such project based on the Volvo 850 came even before his debut serial touring terrain Volvo XC70. In this almost dzhipovsky S60R clearance (21 cm), and the power increased to 370 hp forces against 300 from the production version. With such an arsenal of Swedish sedan was capable of carrying on country tracks like the rally car
Meanwhile, in the regions of the art finishing VAZ cars reached a new height. Domestic masters were finally able to bring to their work the global trends pumping vehicles. A vivid example of the main achievements of tuning "zero" - this white Lada-2112 from Saratov.
Body kit and non-standard optics made her look like a stormtrooper in the white suit from "Star Wars." Huge pipes of an exhaust system "look" is not straight back and to the side - characteristic of the Japanese school of tuning reception. Only here the whole technical stuffing is still ours, even serious tweaks. Engine capacity is increased, in the box there was a sixth step, suspension - "spiral" from TORGMASH, large disc brakes "in a circle" ... In the course of this machine is very reminiscent of the "ring" cars Tolyatti riders.
Most of the "cool" appearance of the domestic unit hiding mediocre technical stuffing, but everything is much more serious. From a technical point of view this project has been close to the team racing model Torgmash
One of the main show-stopper of the Moscow exhibition "Sport Motor Tuning" in 2005 was an amazing machine Katana, who arrived in the capital from Vladivostok. The basis was taken mid-engined roadster Toyota MR2, which redrew the body beyond recognition, and 2, 2-liter engine squeezed transcendent power. Forcing company engaged in Vladivostok «Max Motor Sport», led by the champion of the Far East Rally Maxim Naumets. It was argued that due to the turbine Greddy, the engine control unit Apexi, new piston group and race settings, motor output increased from 245 to 600 hp. Katana raced through the streets with the sound, something resembling the sound of a sportbike. Its engine could spin up to 11 000 r / min
If trails are suitable for high-speed driving in Russia is not enough, the places where you can go from the heart to the SUV - more than enough. And it affected the culture of tuning. An expert on the creation of high-speed machines have a little, but the wizard can prepare a jeep to a serious off-road, there is in almost every city.