"Shopping City", as presented Sweden's King Gustav Helsinki First, in 1550.
By 1710 the city experienced a lot: war, disease and plague. All these events have taken half of the population at this time.
Wind of change blowing in the 18th century, when the fort was built by Marine Sveabor. Later Russia won the war with Sweden and Finland made independent, giving it the status of "Grand Duchy of Finland" in 1809. Thus began a period of change and Helsinki has become increasingly important. Started a large increase in the economic development of the city.
Other important factors that influenced the development of Helsinki are: technical progress, industrialization, development of railways.
Despite the difficult historical development of Finland, Helsinki continued to grow rapidly.
Today, Helsinki is the economic, cultural and political capital of the country. And Helsinki - this is an important point in today's cooperation in Europe and Asia.
Despite the fact that Helsinki is a business - center, the city has, what to see and where to rest at night.
Area: 715, 49
Population: 596, 233 (on January 31, 2012)
Interesting facts about Helsinki
Helsinki surrounded by Sweden on the west, Russia to the east, to the north by Estonia, and the Gulf of Finland to the south.
Helsinki became the capital of Finland in 1812.
In 1827, Helsinki was founded the first university in the country.
The architecture of the city in the style of neo-classical Senate Square, the Government Palace and the Cathedral were built by Carl Ludwig Engels in the 18th century. The cathedral was built 12 years after the death of its architect.
Lutheran Cathedral, designed by Carl Ludwig Engels, considered the unofficial symbol of the city. It regularly hosts weddings and service. This is the most popular place among tourists, every day it is visited by about 3,500 people.
Assumption Cathedral is the largest Orthodox cathedral in Western and Eastern Europe.
In 1952, in Helsinki conducted fifteenth Summer Olympic Games. They have contributed to the rapid growth and development of the city.
Because of the architecture reminiscent of Saint - Peterburskogo, many Hollywood films shot in Helsinki: "The Kremlin Letter", "Red", "Gorky Park. Bitter. " Some views of the city resemble the streets of the old Leningrad and Moscow.
World leader Nokia cell phones located in Finland, in the neighboring city of Helsinki.
Helsinki is the only city in Finland, where the railroad tracks trams reach 23 km in length.
70% of foreign companies operating in the country have offices in Helsinki.
Helsinki is surrounded by a large number of islands and coves.
It is interesting that today the majority of the population of Helsinki are women, about 53%.
In 2009, the city received the award from 'World Design Capital for 2012'.
The city is considered bilingual: 86% of residents speak Finnish, 6% Swedish, and many of them understand and speak English.
Capital Region Helsinki Helsinki includes himself, and his satellite cities: Vantaa, Espoo and Kauniainen.