Scientists from the Laboratory of nutritional immunology and molecular medicine (USA) found that the plant hormone abscisic acid has anti-inflammatory effect in the lungs and digestive tract of the flu.
Protection of abscisic acid bowel is well understood, but about its beneficial effects on the respiratory tract much less is known. The authors of the current study showed that the plant hormone not only makes it easier for disease and inhibits the inflammatory pathology in the lungs, but also promotes the recovery and survival of mice infected with influenza.
Every year in the US die from the flu from 3 000 to 49 000 people. To treat the flu is difficult, if treatment is not started immediately after infection, and antivirals usually become ineffective after the incubation period, and it is a real problem.
Meanwhile, abscisic acid showed the maximum efficiency of the seventh to tenth day after infection. It affects more on the immune response rather than the virus itself, which many experts consider more secure by reducing the number of deaths from the flu. In particular, abscisic acid actuates gamma receptor, peroxisome proliferator-activated. This receptor helps reduce inflammation without the side effects which frequently arise in applied thiazolidinedione derivatives.
The authors hope that abscisic acid can help in creating a new, effective way to fight the flu, with both the digestive tract and in the respiratory tract.
The results will be published in the edition of the Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry.
Prepared according to the Laboratory nutritional immunology and molecular medicine.