... The length of the orbit at which the Earth moves around the Sun in 23 thousand times greater than the length of the Earth's equator.
... The largest area of the world - Asia (43, 5 million square kilometers), the smaller - Australia (Oceania with about 9 million square kilometers).
... In the Valley of Death, driest and hottest places on earth, lived for more than 15 species of birds, 40 species of mammals, 44 species of reptiles, 12 species of amphibians, 13 species of fish and 545 species of plants.
... Land Kimolos island, in a group of Cyclades islands in the Aegean Sea, is composed of a soap of fatty substance that residents of the island since ancient times used as a soap. They bathe him and wash clothes. When the rain comes, the island is covered with soap suds.
... The city Taghaza (sugar) found the house with walls made of rock salt. This is one of the driest places on Earth, and why homes are not in danger of mud from the rain.
... Village Saint-Michel in the north-western France twice a day and sometimes twice island peninsula. A peculiar phenomenon is due to the strong tides in this part of the Atlantic Ocean.
... Between the islands of Bali and Lombok, just 15 miles away. The maximum depth of the strait separating - 341 meters. However, despite the close proximity, these two islands are living completely different four-legged animals, freshwater fish and even birds. Wittily one scholar, these islands are characterized by their fauna more than England from Japan.
Faunal boundary, passing between the islands of Bali and Lombok called the Wallace Line after the famous English naturalist, who discovered it in 1892. This boundary separates the fauna of the Indian Ocean and Asia from the animal world of the Australian faunal region.
... On the tiny island of El Alakran (near the northern coast of Chile) There are more than one million cormorants, gulls. Huge flocks are worn constantly over the sea, drowning his cry roar of ocean surf. El Alakran - one of the largest "rookeries" on earth.
... The capital of Peru - Lima is located near the ocean, but in the arid desert. The city hardly knows rains. His houses are no gutters, and residents - raincoats. The annual sediment layer in Lima - 37 mm.
... On the island of Kunashir, closes from the south Greater Kurile chain, nature has created a unique structure made of stone, like a giant organ. Its hexagonal height of several tens of meters "pipe", huddled close to each other, formed a massive projection that impregnable cool cape looming over the Sea of Okhotsk. When the sea is raging storm, the howling of the wind in the crevices of these tubes resembles the sound body.
... The first atlas appeared in 150 AD. Its creator was the Greek scientist Ptolemy. Atlas printed in 1477 in Bologna (Italy).
... The biggest atlas stored in the German State Library in Berlin. It weighs about 250 kilograms and the size of 1, 70h2, 20 meters. This exhibit gives visitors a rare opportunity to see the library cartographic art of the XVII century.
... The first geographical globe is kept in the city of Nuremberg. It is made geographer M. Behaim in 1492
... Echo - a reflection of the wave of air. If the reflecting sound of rock is from us at a distance of less than 30 m, then there is no echo.
On the Rhine River has an area where the echo repeats the word twenty times.
In France, the city of Verdun are two towers at a distance of 60 m from each other, and if you stand between them and shout, we can hear the echoes of the words of twelve times.
... Celebrity Ear of Dionysius - carved into the rocks near Syracuse and really like the human ear is a giant grotto, where the echo reaches such force that the rustle broken at the entrance of the paper sheet is given to the depth of the cannon shot.
... Everyone knows what a mountain sickness: climb to the highest peaks accompanied by an increase in blood pressure. The only place on earth where this dependence is not observed - Northern Tien Shan. The inhabitants of his mountain pressure is lower than that of the inhabitants of the plains.